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Cause and Effect: Is protesting a Challenge to Authority?

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Stephina Fisher

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Cause and Effect: Is protesting a Challenge to Authority?

Cause and Effect: Is protesting a Challenge to Authority?
Authority in NYC
Mayor De Blasio, Police Commissioner Bratton
Law-makers at City Hall
Justice System
(Courts, Judges, Grand Juries)
Wealthy people make decisions with their $
(ex: Donald Trump)
Decision-makers AKA Government
make things run smoothly:
managing tax $
managing security forces (NYPD)
managing labor, trading and property (aka managing $$$)
Timeline of Events leading Individuals to Protest Police Actions
July 17 -- Eric Garner

(RIP) after an apparent chokehold arrest by officer
Daniel Pantaleo
July 22: NYPD Commissioner William Bratton
says the police department would retrain its officers on the use of force
July 23
: Hundreds gather in Brooklyn for
's funeral

August 1: Medical examiner
rules Garner's death a homicide because of a chokehold
August 5
Police union President Patrick Lynch
says the autopsy report as "political," and denies that Pantaleo used a chokehold

Aug. 9 -- Michael Brown
(RIP) was killed by police officer
Darren Wilson
Aug. 10 & On -- Continued Protests
in Ferguson, Missouri
Aug. 14
President Obama
addresses the nation and urges calm and an "open and transparent" investigation into Brown's death
Aug. 16
Governor Nixon
(Missouri) declares State of Emergency and calls the National Guard

August 23
: 2,500+ people march through Staten Island to protest Garner's death
Aug. 25
-- Michael Brown's funeral

Sept. 16
Darren Wilson
testifies before grand jury
Sept. 19:
Forensics expert
Michael Barden
agrees with the NYC medical examiner's findings in Garner's death, saying neck compressions led to his death (not asthma)
Sept. 29
: A grand jury begins hearing evidence in the Garner case.

Oct. 11
-- #FergusonOctober protests
Oct. 22
-- Autopsy of Michael Brown released

Nov. 16
-- 100 days since Michael Brown's death, protesters stage "Die-in" & block highways
Nov. 17 -- Gov. Nixon
(Missouri) declares a State of Emergency and activates the
National Guard

Nov. 20 -- Akai Gurley
is killed by Officer
Peter Liang
in Brooklyn

Nov. 24 -- Prosecuting Attorney Bob McCulloch
announces that the Grand Jury would not indict Officer Wilson
Nov. 26
: Garner's family joins the families of Michael Brown and Akai Gurley in Harlem
Dec. 3
: The Staten Island grand jury declines to indict
's death
Dec. 4
: Thousands flood the city in protest
Dec 13
: 50,000 demonstrators protest in NYC, 10,000 in Washinton DC

Dec. 20
-- Officers Ramos and Liu killed in NYC
Dec. 27 & Dec. 3
-- funerals for NYC officers. Police officers turned their backs to the Mayor
Jan. 5
-- Officers made half as many arrests in the seven days through Sunday as in the same week a year ago

Protests continue daily in NYC and Ferguson
Why are individuals Protesting?
Rasheen Aldridge, director of Young Activists United St. Louis:

“Make it clear to President Obama that we are in crisis, and police officers must be held accountable...
It is a crisis when a Black American can get locked up for traffic fines, but police officers are rarely prosecuted for killing unarmed children.
Black communities have suffered under racially biased policing and unconstitutional law enforcement policies for far too long. This has to stop.”
The Average Civilian Laborer:
Security / Law Enforcement
Protect people + property
Upper Class (Wealthy)
Middle Class
Average Class
Security Forces AKA NYPD make things run smoothly:
protect property of the landowners
protect lives of civilians
Average Laborer make things run smoothly by:
working the transportation, schools, factories, shipping, selling, cleaning, cooking, etc.
studying to change the world for the next generation
Roles in NYC Society
Level 3
Challenges to Authority

Essential Questions
How have individuals challenged established traditions and authorities?
How have the efforts of individuals inspired or influenced change?
To what extent have their efforts been successful?
Reactions from the NYPD
Rafael Ramos, 40, and his partner, Wenjian Liu, were shot to death in a parked patrol car in Brooklyn on Dec. 23 by lone gunman Ismaaiyal Brinsley, who then killed himself.

NYPD Police Union Chief Pat Lynch, blamed de Blasio and protesters for the police killings. "There's blood on many hands tonight," NYC Patrolmen’s Benevolent Association president Pat Lynch.

He blamed those who "incited violence on the street under the guise of protest," -- a reference to the swell of demonstrations in New York City and across the U.S. in the wake of a grand jury decision to not indict a New York police officer for killing an unarmed black man, Eric Garner
, earlier this fall. He said that those responsible for the killing will be held responsible.
Reactions from the Mayor
"It's a time for everyone to put aside political debates, put aside protests, put aside all of the things we will talk about in due time," de Blasio said
in a speech to a charity with close ties to the New York Police Department, two days after Rafael Ramos, 40, and his partner, Wenjian Liu, 28, were killed.
Protests in NYC
"Eric Garner Michael Brown, Shut it down, shut it down"
"What do we want? Justice! When do we want it? Now!"
"I can't breathe! 1 I can't breathe! 2 I can't breathe! 3 I can't breathe! 4 I can't breathe! 5 I can't breathe! 6 I can't breathe! 7 I can't breathe! 8 I can't breathe! 9 I can't breathe! 10 I can't breathe! 11!"
Timeline in Ferguson
Timeline in NYC
Why are individuals Protesting?
Ashley Yates
, a co-founder of Millennial Activists United, St. Louis:

“In previous remarks, the president has used language that criminalizes our movement, lumping in the vast majority of peaceful protesters with violence and bad actors. In our meeting,
we explained that most violence in our community is coming from the police department,
and something needs to be done about it.”

We have two sets of laws in America – one for young Black and Brown people, and one for the police.
We are sick and tired of our lives not mattering, and our organized movement will not relent until we see justice.”
Today we presented great models for policing alternatives.
These include
restorative justice programs that promote alternatives to incarceration
– work that the federal government should be investing in, instead of funding the further militarization of
police who often patrol our streets like commandos in a war zone
If police departments are not committed to community input and oversight, and refuse to train officers appropriately, they should be completely defunded
.... Funding body cameras and other tactics to review police actions is a start, but
that doesn’t solve the problem of too many officers who see us as ‘demons’ and not members of a community.
Until we deal with that, we can’t move forward.”
Jose Lopez, Make the Road New York
Umaara Elliott & Synead Nichols
Started the Millions March in NYC where 50,000 people came to protest police brutality on
Dec. 13, 2014
You’re young — 19 and 23. Why does this generation feel urgency around issues of racial and economic discrimination?

Synead Nichols: "
The same issues that are troubling 40- and 50-year-olds are the same issues that are troubling my generation and teenagers, and that’s a problem.
We’re not supposed to be worrying about these issues at this age. We are supposed to be worrying about going to prom, not going to funerals."
Reactions from the Protesters
Ferguson Action
responding to de Blasio's request suggested that the demonstrations won't let up.

“This movement was sparked by the grief that millions across the country have felt," the group said.
"Joining Eric Garner, Mike Brown and Tamir Rice are the thousands of lives lost in the last decade to police shootings.
We are in the streets because we are fighting for the right to live our lives fully and with dignity, without the threat of unconstitutional police violence and repression.
Our work continues and we invite those who stand on the side of justice to join us."
"They were disrespectful," de Blasio said.

"The selfishness of that action," Bratton said.
On Dec. 27, protesters turned their backs to the 75th precinct where Peter Liang, the officer who killed Akai Gurley, was stationed.
"It's going down tonight in The South Bronx! We are the poor, we get harassed and attacked by the ‪#NYPD‬ constantly, we will peacefully unite as a community and demand Justice. We know that our movement against police violence was not the reason those 2 cops died, that young man was mentally ill. We will not allow Patrick Lynch and his violent rhetoric scare us away.... While we respect the dead and offer condolences to the families, they continue to disrespect us.... We will have a rally and build with our hood tonite. Join us. Let your voice be heard."
Reactions from
Rebel Diaz,
Bronx hip hop activists
New York City police have all but stopped writing traffic tickets
. They've all but stopped issuing court summonses for minor crimes. And they've only made half as many arrests as they did last year.

It certainly looks like police have been deliberately engaging in a
"work slowdown" to strike back at New York City's mayor, Bill de Blasio
, over the last few weeks. But how did a fight between the mayor and police union officials turn into a
partial shutdown of the city's law enforcement?
And how is it affecting crime? Here's what you need to know. http://www.vox.com/2015/1/6/7501953/nypd-mayor-arrests-union
Full transcript