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Lucy Roberge

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Reconstruction

By: Sam Barnes, Austin Graveline, Lucy Roberge, Caitlin Campbell, and James Potter The Fourteenth Amendment The End of Reconstruction many farmers fell down the tenancy ladder. 910's of thousands)
Share tenants keep 2/3 or 3/4 of the crop depending on how much they can furnish.
Replaced plantation system
Way of life in the cotton belt.
Tenancy rates in general and sharecropping in particular were highest in portions of states that had a large amount of cotton. Appomattox Court House The Fifteenth Amendment Tenants and Sharecroppers Big Bad Reconstruction Project The Appomattox Court House was where, on April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrendered. After the Siege of Petersburg he was had to retreat west, and forced to make a stand in the Appomattox courthouse. There he was defeated and this marked the end of the civil war, and a victory for the union. this also marks the beginning of the reconstruction period. Why does Congress
vote to impeach Johnson? Who are carpetbaggers and scalawags? How did the South reverse Reconstruction? - Jim Crow Laws
-Plessy vs. Ferguson
-Reconstruction Ends -Jim Crow Laws: local and Federal Laws that mandated "Separate but Equal" Status for Colored Folks
-Homer Plessy, an Octroon man, boarded a Whites only Rail car and since Louisiana Law states that he was a Black man, he was arrested and taken to Court. He lost against the state of Louisiana. This Case legitimized the push for more segregation Laws.
-Reconstruction Ends: The Reconstruction was a FAILURE because even though the Colored Folks were "Separate but Equal" the Southern Whites refused to treat them with Equality. The North and South put civil liberties and equality aside to put the country back together, but Colored Folks wouldn't receive equality for about another one hundred Years Problems the South faced as a result of the war every person born or naturalized is an American citizen Representatives of a state are based on the total number of citizens in that state can only be a Representative/Senator if no acts of treason have been committed Opposed to carpetbaggers and scalawags Ku Klux Klan (1865) The main reason that Congress
impeached Andrew Johnson, was
because he:
violated the Tenure of Office Act
appointed people into office unlawfully
dismissed Edwin Stanton from Senate
after Congress said he was reinstated The problems the south faced as a result of the civil war were numerous. First they had to completely re-start the economy. They had lost the ability to use slaves so they had to re-consider their source of income. The south also had to rebuild. Since 90% of the battles were in the south, the south was the most damaged by the war. they had to rebuild farmhouses, and government buildings. But even more important than that they had to deal with the bias against them from the North. The South had to live in five military districts for a short time to keep them under control. Freedmen Johnson's plan
Harsher than Lincoln's, refused pardons to high ranked southerners and owners of land valuing more than $20,000
Required states to abolish slavery before being readmitted
Required states to repeal secession ordinances Black codes
Laws enacted after the civil war in order to regulate the labor and migration of blacks
anyone with 1/8+ black heritage was considered colored Reconstruction harsh, murky period of political conflict, corruption, and regression.
Slaves got freedom, but not equality.
1876 - Republicans in power, only 3 Southern States.
President Rutherford B. Hayes elected, promised to end Radical Reconstruction. Freedmen were slaves who had been freed by the fifteenth amendment. There were many freedmen directly after the civil war since the slaves were all released. The problems that faced freedmen, and the problems freedmen created were:
There were millions of people who were overnight without jobs
Finding work as a black person was hard enough already.
The lack of slaves caused caused people to have no need for their large plots of land. As a result there was much land left abandoned. What is Reconstruction? Reconstruction in terms of the civil war refers to these hurdles faced after the civil war from 1863 to 1877
Rebuilding southern structures
The Reconstruction of the economy
The slow process of fixing tensions between the north and south
The fixing of the situation between white and black people
Reconstruction refers to the rebuilding of the south socially and economically. Freedmen's Bureau
Federal agency whose purpose was to aid free slaves during reconstruction
taught slaves to be literate
found lost family members
tried to create employee-employer relation ship instead of slave owner-slave relationship carpetbagger - Northerner who went to the
South post Civil War, supported Republican
policies The South was concerned with freedom and equality of the people.
Black codes
Jim Crow
Tax laws Racist, anti-Semitic movement with a commitment to extreme violence to achieve its goals of racial segregation and white supremacy.
Of all the types of right-wing hate groups that exist in the United States, the Klan remains the one with the greatest number of national and local organizations around the country. Targeted African-Americans in the past due to the freeing of the slaves by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War.
End of the war formed by ex-Confederate soldiers.
Southerners (how war was turning out) took out their frustration on recently freed blacks. A cartoon threatening that the KKK would lynch carpetbaggers,
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Independent Monitor, 1868. Farm Tenancy - A form of lease arrangement whereby a tenant rents, for cash or a share of crops, farm property from a landowner. Different variations of tenant arrangements exist, including sharecropping. families worked a farm or a section of land in return for a share of the crop rather than wages. System of near slavery without legal sanctions. Sharecropping - Agricultural System in which, typically, a landowner provides all of the capital and a tenant all of the labor for a fifty percent share of crops. (developed in Southern States during Civil War) Common in Arkansas (International protest movement) 14th amendment contains the main scalawag - native white Southerner who collaborated with carpetbaggers during Reconstruction, often for personal gain The fifteenth amendment gives all citizens the right to vote not depending on their race or "previous condition of servitude". points of: What is Reconstruction
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