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U.S. Imperialism (19th and 20th Centuries)

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Jenny Holloway

on 25 January 2017

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Transcript of U.S. Imperialism (19th and 20th Centuries)

U.S. Imperialism--late 19th century--early 20th century
Causes of Imperialism:
1. Economic Benefits
2. Military strength
3. National Superiority (social darwinism, manifest destiny, missionaries)
--Commodore Matthew Perry negotiates a
treaty to open up Japan to trade with the U.S.

--Threatened traditional Japanese culture--Japanese react negatively
U.S. takes possession of small islands in the Pacific
--Missionaries build churches
--Business owners develop plantations
(Dole pineapple, anyone?)
--Voting rights given to only wealthy planters, not locals
--Queen Liliuokalani tries to restore Hawaiian
rights and nationalism--she is overthrown
--Hawaii becomes a territory of the U.S.
--Called "Seward's folly" (people thought Alaska was just a bunch of ice!)
--Purchased from Russia for
$7.2 million in 1867
--Almost doubled size of U.S.
--Americans had plantations in Cuba,
a Spanish colony
--U.S. decides to support a rebellion against
the Spanish in order to protect their interests in Cuba
--Mysterious explosion of the U.S.S. Maine leads to war
--Cuba gains independence, U.S. doesn't claim it, but acquires Guantanamo Bay as a military base
The Philippines
--After battling in Cuba, the Spanish-American War fighting moved to the Philippines (a Spanish colony)
--With the help of rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo, the U.S. defeated the Spanish and bought the Philippines for $20 mil.
--Later, the Filipinos fought the U.S. for independence and lost
Treaty of Paris
--Ended the war with Spain
--U.S. acquired Philippines (after much debate),
Guam, and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
"Let us all be frank. WE DO NOT WANT THE FILIPINOS. WE DO WANT THE PHILIPPINES...The more of them killed the better. It seems harsh. But they must yield before the superior race." --San Francisco Argonaut (newspaper, 1902)
--Trade begins with China
--Boxer Rebellion (Chinese kill American
ex-pats in China, resisting Western influence)
--Prejudice and segregation against Asians in U.S. schools, particularly...
--Construction of the Panama Canal (started by Teddy Roosevelt)
--Rented the "Canal Zone" from Panama
--United Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, made trade easier
Big Stick Diplomacy

Dollar Diplomacy
Using the military to achieve America's goals
Journal Question:

How did the ideas of Social Darwinism and manifest destiny help cause imperialism?
Journal Question:

How do you see the influence of Big Stick Diplomacy, Moral Diplomacy, and/or Dollar Diplomacy in the world today?
Methods of Diplomacy:
Moral Diplomacy
Intervening in other countries in order to "promote human rights, national integrity, and opportunity"--Woodrow Wilson
1) What persuasive techniques (symbolism, irony, exaggeration, etc.) do you see in the cartoon and what do they represent?
2) What do you think is the cartoonist’s opinion on imperialism? How do you know?
1) What persuasive techniques (symbolism, irony, exaggeration, etc.) do you see in the cartoon and what do they represent?
2) What do you think is the cartoonist’s opinion on this issue? How do you know?
in California

Using a country's financial power to extend its influence overseas
Full transcript