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Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II and Vladimir Lenin

By Emma A, Oscar H, Ethan F, Harrison C, and Lukas M-C
by

Jemma Atabarick

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II and Vladimir Lenin

Czar Nicholas II and Vladimir Lenin Left: Czar Nicholas II, Right: Vladimir Lenin Czar Nicholas II The Basics Czar Nicholas II was born on May 18,1868 in Saint Petersburg. Nicholas II was well educated,
especially tutored by a man named Danilovitch who had been given the title of General Aide-de-camp. He had an excellent memory and therefore he (Nicholas) had a great knowledge of history. Special attention was given to his (foreign) language studies (Mosshein, Court 1). Birth Education Family Life The children of Alexander III (including Nicholas) were strictly taught to be well behaved. They did not have good manners and even dared to throw food at each other at the dinner table when they thought their parents were not looking. Alexander III died on October 20, 1984
when Nicholas was 26. In the
same year he married Princess
Alexandra, a German Duchess. George, younger brother of Nicholas, died young due to a weak chest. By: Emma Akbari, Oscar Harris, Ethan Franzen, Harrison Cosnett, and Lukas Mekler-Culbertson Rising to Power Czar Nicholas II was given the throne after his father died, being the next in line. He did not hurt anyone in the process. It was difficult for him to stay in power because people were doubting his plans for Russia. They wanted a communism from Vladimir Lenin who was in opposition for Nicholas II. Czar Nicholas II became Tseravetch of the empire after the death of Alexander II in 1881. The General Public The general public did not
approve of Czar Nicholas II. The czar's large shows of power drew anger from the people. The Russo-Japanese War, meant to affirm Russian power in the Pacific, was an ambitious failure. His purges of Jews and protesters in 1905 created huge unrest. Finally, during WWI, the government began to fall apart... More Notes Czar Nicholas II`s role in the Russian revolution: The people`s annoyance at the way Nicholas was ruling sparked the revolution. Few were happy with the way the economy, industry, and their own lives were going. Type of government: Czar Nicholas II used an autocratic (militaristic) absolute monarchy which the people did not like, while Vladimir Lenin wanted to use a communism, shifting people over to his side. After his career: Czar Nicholas II was overthrown by the Menshevik Party (a faction related to Lenin's Bolsheviks) and abdicated. When the Bolsheviks took power, they soon sought to eliminate him, and in 1918 he was assassinated with his family in Yekaterinburg. Vladimir Lenin The Basics Birth April 10, 1870
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Education in Simbirsk Russia He was born as Vladimir Ulyanov which he later changed to Lenin. (Lenin 1) He attended Simbirsk Gymnasium. Later on, he was educated at Kazan University where he studied law but was eventually expelled for rebelling against current political teachings and events. Then he went to Saint Petersburg university, again for law. It had been hard for him to get into college because of his criminal brother who was plotting for an assassination of Czar Nicholas II. (Maynard, Lenin 1) Family Life Lenin was born in the upper-middle class and was very close to his family. His brother, Alexander Ulyanov, was executed for his part in a plot to kill Czar Nicholas II. Vladimir Lenin`s mother was Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova and his father was llya Nikolayevich Ulyanov. He married Nadezhda Krupskaya in July 1898 while in exile in Siberia for forming "Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working" (1) Taking Over Lenin led the Russian Revolution and became the first soviet premier in 1917. He overthrew the Mensheviks, a faction that had overthrown the czarist government, and later executed Nicholas II along with his family. He used the secret police, propaganda, and public speeches to get rid of those opposing him and to convince the people of his great power. Joseph Stalin would come in the future to oppose him. Since people were growing tired of Tsarism they agreed with Vladimir`s plan of a communism, making it easier for him to take over. The general public definitely approved of Vladimir Lenin. Lenin`s Party Lenin`s party was known as the Bolsheviks. They were very successful in gaining control and overthrowing Czar Nicholas II. The Bolsheviks (which means "majority" in Russian), were inspired in their ideology by the German political philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who invented the idea of Communism that promoted the ideas of equal wealth and a society free of social classes. Lenin developed the utopia theory of communism into Leninism, a more realistic system. Type of Government Lenin used a Proletarian dictatorship which the people much approved of. He converted the utopian ideals of Marx, which involved end-stage capitalism as an evolutionary requirement, to a realistic system where the lower classes would rise up and rule until classes could be eliminated. He used the Cheka police force and propaganda to ensure his rule. This system became known as Leninism (or Marxism/Leninism). Vladimir Lenin died in office on January 29, 1924. Works Cited http://www.cracked.com/funny-7407-rock-paper-scissors/ http://www.mastersoftrivia.com/blog/2011/04/april-22nd-in-history-it-happened-today/ http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/n/nicholas_ii_czar_of_russia/index.html http://www.staples.com/M-by-Staples-Arc-Customizable-Leather-Notebook-System-Black-9-1-2/product_886232 http://www.drawmeanidea.com/2011/05/beyond-limits-of-software.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moleskine_ruled_notebook http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/history_commonwealth.html http://www.pencils4ghana.org/ http://www.4freephotos.com/Blank_post-it_notes-limage83c86b9a75ff24d185f467694489a909.html http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-difference-between-a-laptop-and-notebook.htm#slideshow http://www.zazzle.com/national_bolshevik_party_colombia_political_photosculpture-153075581973932659 https://annoyzview.wordpress.com/tag/vladimir-lenin/ Information from http://www.alexanderpalace.org/mossolov/ Information from http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/nicholasii.htm http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ki-Lo/Lenin-Vladimir.html http://www.stel.ru/museum/Lenin_childhood.htm
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