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1984 Presentation

This is my english project for Mr. Polley on the book 1984 by George Orwell. Hurrah!

Laura Sponagle

on 18 March 2011

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Transcript of 1984 Presentation

Winston Smith: Characters Julia: Mr. Charrington: O'Brien: Big Brother: Themes "Oranges and lemons" say the Bells of St. Clement's
"You owe me five farthings" say the Bells of St. Martin's
"When will you pay me?" say the Bells of Old Bailey
"When I grow rich" say the Bells of Shoreditch
"When will that be?" say the Bells of Stepney
"I do not know" say the Great Bells of Bow
"Here comes a Candle to light you to Bed
Here comes a Chopper to Chop off your Head
Chip chop chip chop - the Last Man's Dead." Plot O'Brien is a member of the thought police and a very powerful member if the Party. He manipulated Winson by convincing him he was a member of the brotherhood, to trap him in a traitorous act. He was the one who tortured Winston with rats and finally broke him. O'Brein is very set in his ways. Mr. Charrington is the owner of the store below Winston's apartment. He sold Wintston the journal in which he confessed his traitorous thoughts. Mr. Charrington is a member of the thought police. He sang the song, "oranges and lemons..." to try encourage his intentions to go against big brother. Julia was Winstons love. She is very rebellious and likes to sleep with Party members as a way to give Big Brother the middle finger. She is optimistic and she goes against Big Brother for her own enjoyment, much different from winstons worldly views. Winston Smith is the main character of this novel. He works for the ministry of truth. He is 39, and is very smart. He has a lot of ideas on how the world could be better. He strives to rebel against the Party, but fails in the end to make a stand against Big Brother. Terms:
Doublethink. Believing two contradictory things at the same time. Ex. Winston knows the information big brother gives them in the papers are not true, as he helps make things up, or falsify, them for a living, yet he still believes it.
This comes up a lot as the Party exerts their power of control over their minds.
The Party. These are the people who follow Big Brother. The Proles. These are the people who live relatively normal lives. They are the only "humans" as they work for themselves and do not follow Big Brother. These people that live away from the Party are often hit with "mysterious" rocket bombs that thins their population, hmmm.... Thoughtcrime: Any action or thought that is against Big Brother and the Party. These thoughtcrimes are enforced by members of the Thought Police My Thoughts: This poem is referenced a few times throughout the novel. It is introduced to Winston by Mr. Charrington. We later discover that Charrington was a member of the thought police, and he probably gave Winston this rhyme to tempt him away from the Party. Winston uses this poem to remember. To remember all of the churches of London, and say hey, this is how things were, this song proves that. No matter what Big Brother says he can't truely change the past. Exposition! Resolution! Winston buys a journal from Mr. Charrington, to record his frustration that the Party is opressing his individuality. Conflict: Winston meets Julia, and they start a scandulous love affair to go against the Party. They make plans of rebellion. O'Brien comes to Winston and Julia and welcome them into the brotherhood. The brotherhood is a group that is trying to overthrow Big Brother, started by Goldstein, a character we hear of, but never encounter in the book. O'Brien gives them a book, one written by Goldstein about why and how they plan to rebel. Winston and Julia are caught by the thought police, of which Mr. Charrington and O'Brein are members. He is sent to the ministry of Love (the place where there is no darkness), where he meets a series of other prisoners. He is interrogated and tortured for information. He still has no idea what waits for him in room 101. Winston is sent to room 101. O'Brien confronts him with his worst fear... rats, vicious ones, eager to chew him up. Winston is so tortured by the thought, he betrays Julia, something he has yet to do. He states that he would rather she be under the rats than him. This was the last piece of rebellion Winston was hanging on to. Winston was broken, this is sort of an "anti-climax." Winston is finally released. By chance, he meets Julia. Yet, he does not feel the same. Winston is filled with love for the Party. His last lines were of his love for Big Brother. Rising Action! Falling Action! CLIMAX! To Finish:
-Sizing/ Zooming
-Take away circles
-Paths Although he never appears directly in the book, and may not actually exist, Big Brother is an important figure in 1984. He is the leader, the cause of the way of life we see in the novel. Big Brother inspires a progression of emotions in Winston, starting with hatred, and in the end, love. Throughout the book, Winston mentions "a place where there is no darkness." He once even dreams of meeting O'Brien there. He dreams of it has a heaven, a paradise. But when he finally does meet O'Brien there, it is not what he imagined. It is a prison cell in the Ministry of Love, where they never turn out the lights. Rebellion is a theme we see in this book. Winston does not agree with the system, and he sneaks around it, breaking the laws, along with Julia. This novel turns around their attempts at rebelling. Power and Control. Big Brother and his Party minions exert their power and control to the extreame. They eliminate any who are not 100% for their cause. They moniter everyone through the telescreens, the cameras even in their homes. This is the totalitarian gouvernement Winston and Julia wish to rebel against. Quotes "For after all, how do we know that two and two make four? Or that the force of gravity works? Or that the past is unchangeable? If both the past and external world exist only in the mind, and if the mind itself is controllable—what then?" (Orwell, 84)
"We control matter because we control the mind. Reality is inside the skull. Nothing exists except through human conciousness. Outside man there is nothing." (pg 277)…. (p278) " 'Tell me,' he said, 'how soon will they shoot me?'
'It might be a long time,' said O'Brien. 'You are a difficult case. But don't give up hope. Everyone is cured sooner or later. In the end we shall shoot you.' (pg 287) The Party is not interested in the overt act: the thought is all we care about. We do not merely destroy our enemies, we change them.... ... You are the flaw in the pattern Winston.You are a stain that must be wiped out. Did I not tell you know that we are different from the persecutors of the past? We are not content with negative obedience, nor even with the most abject submission. When finally you surrender to us, it must be of you own free will. We do not destroy the heretic because he resists us: so long as he resists us we never destroy him. We convert him, we capture his mind, we reshape him. We burn all evil and all illusion out of him; we bring him over to our side, not in appearance, but genuinely, heart and soul. We make him one of ourselves before we kill him... We make the brain perfect before we blow it out... No one who has ever gone astray is ever spared. (pages 265-268) "But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother." (page 311) 1984 by George Orwell. War is peace.
Freedom is slavery.
Ignorance is strength. Is Big Brother Watching You?? { Although this book sometimes proved to be slightly boring and hard to get through, it was very insightful and well thought out. The characters were really strong, and well developped. Some of them frustrated you, and some of them you couldn't help but admire. I really liked how the novel got you thinking a lot about how much people are controlling you. It was a complex read and it had it dry parts, but all in all, I enjoyed 1984. ~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~ ~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* ~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* Both of these quotes represent the theme of mind control and power. I chose them because they show how relative everythig is, how everything is just an opinion. They make you question everything you are taught instead of obeying blindly, which is what 1984 is about. The next three quotes are proof of Winstons fate. He will be killed by the Party. The first two explain why and when they kill the people who have comitted thoughtcrimes. We see that they wait until the victim is completely on their side, until they truely agree with the ways of Big Brother, and then they punish them. The last quote is Winstons revolation that he loves Big Brother. The final words of the book hold the key to understanding it.
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