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Genetic engineer

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Gabe Klinger

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Genetic engineer

Pro-Enhancement
Some are already born with advantages.
Could reduce consumtion of food.
Already happens naturally, DNA is constantly changing.
Not just in humans but in crops/livestock too.
Ronald Bailey
Writes a weekly science and technology column.
Works Cited
Political Conflicts
Anti-Therapy
Certain groups oppose gene therapy to reduce risk of disorders and diseases.
Many activists in this category are religious and oppose therapy because of the ethical concerns surrounding the use of embryos.
Some also question the right of parents to change their children.
Eugenics:
Government should not interfere
Recently U.S removed ban on embryo research.
Different countries have differing regulations.
Denying choice is like Nazi's forcing sterilization
Albert Mohler
President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
Said "The use of human embryos in medical experimentation is absolutely immoral," on his podcast.
He is fine with hormonal treatments
By: Sho Gibbs
Gabe Klinger
Utsuki Yano

1997
2001
2003
1972
1973
First Genetic Engineering
First Cloning
Dolly the lamb was the first cloned animal. The experiment was led by Ian Walmut and Keith Campbell and colleagues.
HGP First Draft Sequences
The first draft sequences of the HGP were published in February.
Paul Berg developed a method for splicing together DNA from different organisms.
HGP Finishes
The human genome is sequenced with 99.9% accuracy.
History Of Eugenics
What is Eugenics?
Eugenics is the idea that we can 'improve' the human population by having people with 'desirable' traits reproduce more, while those with 'undesirable' traits don't reproduce as much.
Genetic Testing/ Therapy Methods
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Invasive prenatal testing method: extraction of fetal cells from placental tissue/amniotic fluid
New prenatal testing method: NIPT
Typical genetic engineering method: Gene cloning
Gene editing nucleases: ZFNs and TALENs
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Albert Mohler
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Cartoon by: Andy Singer
Humans 2.0?
First genetic engineering was done by Hebert Boyer and Stanley Cohen. They used slicing enzyme to transfer piece of DNA between two organisms.
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Splicing DNA
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Anti-Enhancement
and Cloning
Human genetic engineering could put people's health in a risk.
Majority of the people in America and rest of the world opposes engineering involving embryo and refuses cloning and engineering of trait in future generations.
The unborn child can not give his/hers consent.
Director of the experiment of Dolly the lamb, Scottish scientist Ian Wilmut said it is irresponsible because only a few embryo would live but most of them die in the process.
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http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=8&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&displayGroups=&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=GALE%7C00000000LVWS&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2210023862&source=Bookmark&u=port&jsid=9a21acee9d896b58e725b456128acbf4
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Genetic engineering could lead to corporate greed.
Some people believe that modifying embryos is wrong.
Others seek to exploit it. (military)
Works Cited (Cont'd)
Genetic engineering needs regulation
If made illegal in great powers, small countries (North Korea) would take advantage.
Similar to spread of nuclear technology.
Research should proceed without
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Author of
Liberation Biology.
Self-described Transhumanist
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Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ronald_Bailey_by_David_Shankbone.jpg
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Ian Wilmut
Ian Walmut was the director of the experiment of
the Dolly the lamb.
In his experiment of the Dolly the lamb only 30 out of 277 embyos developed for a week and transferred into recipients and from those only
only obtained one lamb.

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Hayes Richard
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Currently visiting scholar at University of California.
Founding executive director of the Center
for Genetics and Society.
Written and had many speeches to argue
about concerns of democratic
governance of science including the new
human bio-technologies.
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Hayes Richard
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Question 1&2
Is There Currently a Ban on Embryo Research In the US?
a) Yes
b) No
Splicing DNA molecule
by splicing enzyme
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Drawing showing human DNA by HGP
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Source: From DNA to Humans," in Human Genome Project Information Basic Genomics Image Gallery, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Project, http://genomics.energy.gov/gallery/basic_genomics/view.np/view-22.html accessed 23 Jan. 2014.
Source: "Method predicts enzyme activity." R & D Apr. 2004: 16. General OneFile. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.
Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA116341860&v=2.1&u=port&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=cf4e644cfd0f44d5bc38d27e490a65b1
1: Allott, Daniel, and Neumary George. "Eugenic abortion 2.0: a new blood test could zero out the disabled
unborn in the 21st century." The American Spectator May 2013: 24+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Jan. 2014.
2:"Cartoon: Genetically Engineered People." Medicine. Ed. Louise Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010.
Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
3:"Genetics." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 4th ed.
Detroit: Gale, 2008. Student Resources in Context. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
4:"Rapid method of assembling new gene-editing tool could revolutionize genetic research." Space Daily
22 Apr. 2012. General OneFile. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
5:"Berg, Paul (1926-)." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. General OneFile. Web. 20 Jan.
2014.
6. "Method predicts enzyme activity." R & D Apr. 2004: 16. General OneFile. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.
Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA116341860&v=2.1&u=port&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=cf4e644cfd0f44d5bc38d27e490a65b1
7.From DNA to Humans," in Human Genome Project Information Basic Genomics Image Gallery, U.S.
Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Project, http://genomics.energy.gov/gallery/basic_genomics/view.np/view-22.html accessed 23 Jan. 2014.
8.Coker, Jeffrey Scott. "Genetic Engineering Is Natural and Should Be Pursued."Genetic Engineering. Ed.
Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Crossing the Species Boundary: Genetic Engineering as Conscious Evolution." Futurist 46.1 (2012). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
9.From DNA to Humans," in Human Genome Project Information Basic Genomics Image Gallery, U.S.
Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Project, http://genomics.energy.gov/gallery/basic_genomics/view.np/view-22.html accessed 23 Jan. 2014.
10."How Dolly Was Made." Biomedical Ethics. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2010.
Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
11.Tapson, Mark. "Human Genetic Engineering Is a Dangerous Proposal to Combat Climate Change."
Genetic Engineering. Ed. Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Let's Get Small." FrontPage Mag. 2012. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Jan. 2014.
12.Hayes, Richard. "New Genetic Engineering Technology Needs to Be Regulated."Genetic
Engineering. Ed. Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Is There an Emerging International Consensus on the Proper Uses of the New Human Genetic Technologies?" Vol. 8. 2008.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
13:Banks, Adelle M. "Mohler would favor altering 'gay' fetus." The Christian Century 124.7
(2007): 15. General OneFile. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
14:"Will new method of stem cell extraction solve ethical concerns?" The Christian Century
123.19 (2006): 13+. General OneFile. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
15:"The Human Cloning Conundrum." Los Angeles Business Journal 2 Apr. 2001: 46. General
OneFile. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
16.Sherman, Brad. "Genetic Technology Poses Risks and Needs International Regulation."
Human Genetics. Ed. Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade, Hearing on Genetics and other Human Modification Technologies: Sensible International Regulation or a New Kind of Arms Race? (Prepared Statement)." 2008. 3-5. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, Web. 9 Jan. 2014.
17."Genetic Engineering." Current Issues: Macmillan Social Science Library. Detroit: Gale,
2010. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 19 Jan. 2014
18. Wilmut, Ian. "The ethics of cloning." The American Enterprise 9.5 (1998): 57+. General
OneFile. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.
Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA21154910&v=2.1&u=port&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=b0dafb48b95dc8e991c8a1f6b4e6f3b1
19. "Staff, Fellows, and Contributors." Center for Genetics and Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan.
2014. <http://www.geneticsandsociety.org/article.php?id=48>.
20Bailey, Ronald. "Genetic Enhancement Should Only Be Limited by Regulations for Safety
and Efficacy." Human Genetics. Ed. Noël Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "Transhumanism and the Limits of Democracy: A Paper Presented at the Workshop on Transhumanism and Democracy." Reason (28 Apr. 2009). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Jan. 2014.
21:Allen, Bob. "Stem cell results labeled meager, immoral." The Christian Century 129.4
(2012): 17. General OneFile. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
Albert Mohler is:
a) President of the Kentucky Baptist Theological Committee
b) President of the Southern Baptist Theological Committee
c) President of the Kentucky Baptist Theological Seminary
d) President of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
Questions 3&4
In the Dolly the Lamb Experiment,
How many Embryos Survived for a Week?
a) 30
b) 170
c) 277
d) 100
What does Ronald Bailey Look Like?
a)
b)
c)
Full transcript