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Moral Criticism and Dramatic Construction
Transcript of Moral Criticism and Dramatic Construction
IN Plato and Aristotle RELATING to Moral Criticism and Dramatic Construction How could YOU read through this lens? Quotes from Play Introduction Reading through lens with Plato's views Medea: "Children:/ It is evening. See, evening has come. Come, little ones,/Into the house. Evening brings all things home. It brings the bird to the bough and the lamb to the fold--/And the child to the mother. We must not think too much: people go mad/If they think too much." Plato Book X of "Republic" - 1st detailed & lengthy literary criticism Art - should be limited
- play a strict role in "perfect" Greek Republic
- is a mediocre reproduction of nature
- a mere copy
- damaging if not teaching morality + ethics to audience Aristotle poetry + rhetoric logic + physics ethics + politics - productive science - theoretical science - practical science poetry + drama - NOT teaching morals and ethics, rather a "means to end" (i.e. enjoyment)
- influenced by construction (more details TBA) Moral Criticism Plato:
- MUST teach morality+ ethics, otherwise damaging to the audience Aristotle:
- NOT need to teach anything, can be just for enjoyment vs. Dramatic Construction Plato:
- not important, ethics + morality more important Aristotle:
- important influence in the audience's katharsis (pity + fear) or satisfaction with work vs. include elements like:
-spectacle OR: Medea How would Plato and Aristotle analyze this play? - Medea is a great example of art and poetry
-teaches the audience a moral and ethical lessons.
- not a mere "copy" of the appearances of men and society, so it is not damaging Reading through lens with Aristotle's view - is a good example of poetry because it is enjoyable for the readers and therefore did provide a means to an end. Note: What is "a means to an end?" An example of "a means to an end" would be job earns you a paycheck letting you pay mortgage or rent, put food on the table. The job is the means to get the money; the end is paying the mortgage or rent and putting food on the table Medea -good rhythm, harmony and language which influence the reader's katharsis
- plot, character, and diction also influence katharsis + audience's satisfaction with the novel Medea Quotes from play: AND FINALLY NOW Medea: "The race of Asia are human too,/As the bright Greeks are. And our hearts are as brittle: if you hurt us we cry. And we have children and love them,/As Greeks do. You have a daughter, sir---" (Euripides 674) Medea: "That is true: vengeance/ Makes grief bearable."
Jason: "Enough Medea. Too much./Be silent!" (Euripides 692) (Euripides 702) Jason: "Your triumph. No iron-fleshed demon of those whom your father worships./In that blood-crusted temple--Did you feel nothing, no pity, are you pure evil? I should have killed you/The day I saw you." (Euripides 705)