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Timeline of Cuban History
Transcript of Timeline of Cuban History
century The immigration of Taino, Arawak Indians from Venezuela removed Cuba's earliest habitants know as the Ciboney. 1492 Cuba is declared for Sapin during Christopher Columbus' land. 1511 Diego Velazquez leads Spainish conquest and establishes Baracoa and
other settlements. Import of slaves from Africa due to the rise in sugar plantations. 1523-26 1762 Havana captured by a British force led by Admiral George Pocock and Lord Albemarle. Havana returned to Spain by the British
in return for Florida. 1763 1/3 of
the world's sugar generated by Cuba. mid
1800s Ten Years War of independence ends in a truce with Spain promising reforms and greater autonomy that were mostly never made. 1868-78 1886 Jose Marti leads another uprising against Spanish rule in the second war of independent. Marti dies in combat. slavery abolished 1796 Cuba begins exporting
cigars to Britain 1859 President Buchanon orders a blockade of Cuba
in order to intercept American owned slave ships. 1898 1895-98 Spanish-American War
US declare war on Spain due to sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana.
Spain is defeated and gives up all claims to Cuba, and surrender it to the USA.
1909 Jose Miguel Gomez installed as president following US-supervised elections - but is soon accused of corruption. 1912 US forces return to Cuba to help put down black protests against discrimination. 1934 US abandons its right to intervene in Cuba's internal affairs. 1944 Batista retires and is succeeded by the civilian Ramon Gray San Martin. Batista confiscates power again to begin a harsh and corrupt regime. 1952 1953 Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful coup against Batista.
Castro is arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison. 1955 Castro is freed by a general amnesty declared by Batista.
Castro goes into exile in Mexico where he meets an Argentinean called Ernesto "Che" Guevara. 1956 A second coup is attempted by Castro and Guevara but fails.
The revolutionaries flee to the Sierra Maestra mountains where they wage a guerrilla war. 1958 The US withdraws military aid to Batista. 1959 On new year's day Batista flees and is overthrown by Castro and his 9,000-strong guerrilla army.
Castro becomes prime minister, with his brother, Raul, as deputy.
Ernesto Che Guevara becomes third in command.
Later in the year Castro nationalizes foreign-owned companies, stating that the property belongs to the Cuban people.
1960 All US businesses in Cuba are nationalises without compensation.
The US brakes off diplomatic relations.
U.S. President Eisenhower issues statement asserting that while the U.S. does not intend to meddle in Cuban politics, Americans have the right to "assert and defend, in exercise of their own sovereignty, their legitimate interests" in Cuba.
Cuba announces a large trade deal with the Soviet Union.
1961 The US sponsors an unsuccessful invasion by Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs.
Castro announces that Cuba has become a communist state and begins to ally it with the USSR.
Cuban U.N. delegate Raul Roa gives speech to Assembly declaring that Cuba has "ceased forever to be a satellite of American imperialism," and accuses the U.S. of planning a military attack on the island.
A force of Cuban exiles, armed and trained by the United States, attempts to invade Cuba in the Bay of Pigs fiasco. The attempt fails as almost every exile is killed or captured. The Soviet Union forcefully denounces the actions, vowing to defend the Republic of Cuba from foreign invasions by any means necessary.
1962 Cuban missile crisis ignites when, fearing a US invasion, Castro agrees to allow the USSR to deploy nuclear missiles on the island.
The US imposes a trade embargo on Cuba.
The United States instigates successful effort to expel Cuba from the Organization of American States, offering cooperating members hefty loans.
American spy plane discovers presence of Soviet-made nuclear missiles on the island.
1964 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk says of Castro government: "We regard that regime as temporary." 1965 Cuba's sole political party renamed Cuban Communist Party (PCC). With Soviet help, Cuba begans to make considerable economic and social progress. 1972 Cuba becomes a full member of the Moscow-based Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. 1976 Fidel Castro changes position from Cuban Prime Minister to president of the Council of State and Council of Ministers. 1976-81 Castro became involved in extensive international commitments, sending troops as Soviet surrogates, particularly to Africa. Soviet leader Mihail S. Gorgachev began a visit to Cuba to meet with Fidel Castro over reforms he was making in the USSR 1989 1990 Cuba is producing 90 million cigars annually 1991 The Pan AM games open in Cuba Sept. 11, 1991 Russia removes thousands of troops form Cuba 1994 US reopens Guantanamo Naval base to process refugees August 19,1994 Clinton stops the nation's thirty year open-door policy for Cuban refugees 1995 Cigar production drops to 50 million per year 1996 Helms-Burton Act=shut of visas for executives and sharholders doing business in Cuba 1997 Fidel Castro is re-elected as president and his brother Raul is re-elected as second in command 2000 Venezuelen President Chavez meets with Castro to discuss an accord for oil shipments and other business 2002 Fidel Castro met with Mexican president Fox 2003 Castro is re-elected for the sixth term 2004 The US dollar was removed from circulation in Cuba 2006 Fidel Castro gives his power of president over to his brother Raul Castro Timeline of Cuba http://timelines.ws/countries/CUBA.HTML