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Transcript of Salvador Dali
surrealist painter born in
Figueres, Spain. The Spanish artist Salvador Dali was one of the best known Surrealist painters. He lived from 1904 to 1989. In 1929, Dali joined the Surrealist movement. He was an outrageous and eccentric personality. For example, at the opening of a Surrealist exhibition in London in 1936, Dali appeared in a diving suit. Dali and Surrealism Luis Buñuel A surrealist filmmaker, Dali found in Buñuel a fellow thinker. In 1927, a year after Dali's expulsion, Buñuel approached him with an idea for a film - Un Chien Andalou ('An Andalusian Dog'), which obeyed one rule and one rule only - there must be no explanation for any ideas present within the film. If it can be explained rationally or psychologically then it has no place in the venture Garcia Lorca An avant-garde poet, he and Dali had much in common, and their friendship was based, for Dali at least, in the search for artistic revelation. However, the friendship was severely damaged after Lorca made advances on Dali, who was horrified. At the time he was a virgin who thought of sexual contact as being repulsive and terrifying, and was appalled that Lorca should wish for anything other than friendship. Influences Hitler Dali was obsessed with Hitler,
because of 'the shape of his back'.
He included Hitler in several of
his works, namely The Enigma
of Hitler and this obsession
caused great controversy and
was yet another factor in his
expulsion from the surrealists. Gala
Gala was to become a major influence
in the work of Dali. She was to feature in
many of his works, often surrounded by
controversy. In The Sacrament of the Last
Supper, Dali gave Christ the features of Gala,
and in many pictures he portrayed her as the
Madonna. Dali and The World War II In 1940, as World War II tore through
Europe, Dalí and Gala retreated to the
United States, where they lived for eight
years. They were able to escape because
on June 20, 1940, they were issued visas
by Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Portuguese
consul in Bordeaux, France. Salvador and
Gala Dalí crossed into Portugal and
subsequently sailed on the Excambion
from Lisbon to New York in August 1940. Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904, near Barcelona, Spain. He was the son of Salvador and Felipa Dome (Domenech) Dali. His father was a notary (one who witnesses the signing of important documents). According to Dali's autobiography (the story of his own life), his childhood was filled with fits of anger against his parents and classmates and he received cruel treatment from them in response. He was an intelligent child, producing advanced drawings at an early age.
CHILDHOOD Surrealism Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Surrealist works feature the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions and non sequitur; however, many Surrealist artists and writers regard their work as an expression of the philosophical movement first and foremost, with the works being an artefact. Famous Works of Art The Persistence of Memory Year: 1931
Dimensions: 24x33 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Current location: Museum of
Modern Art, New York City Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Year: 1944
Dimensions: 51x40.5 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Museum, Madrid Crucifixion Year: 1954
Dimensions: 194.5x124 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Current location: Metropolitan
Museum of Art, New York City
Landscape Near Figueras Year: 1910Dimensions: 14x9 cmMaterial: Oil on cardboardMovement: ImpressionismCurrent location: Private collectio
n of Albert Field, Astoria, Queens,
New York Sources READ Salvador Dali and Surrealism, Art Education for the Blind, http://www.artbeyondsight.org/ahtts/dali-read.shtml, 15, Dec, 2012 Influences in the Life of Salvador Dali, Jun 25, 2007, Researcher 168963, http://h2g2.com/approved_entry/A585344, 15, Dec, 2012
Salvador Dali Biography, Advameg, http://www.notablebiographies.com/Co-Da/Dali-Salvador.html, 15, Dec, 2012
Famous paintings by Salvador Dalí, Copyright 2009-2012 Show-Your-Own-Art-Gallery.com,http://www.show-your-own-art-gallery.com/paintings-by-salvador-dali.html, 15, dec, 2012
Salvador Dali, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Dal%C3%AD, 15, dec, 2012