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Child Abuse

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Siewyen Lim

on 25 November 2012

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Transcript of Child Abuse

Child Abuse :
Start to Social Problems Children grow optimally in safe homes and communities with nurturing, dependable and attentive caregivers. Failure to act
on the part of PARENTS or CARETAKERS which presents an imminent risk of serious harm or
results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation
(Toni, 2006) What is Child
Abuse? Sexual Abuse Emotional Abuse Child Neglect Domestic Violence Physical Abuse Types of Child Abuse Factors of Child Abuse Causes of Child Abuse:

Social- Economic Causes of Child Abuse

Family Environment

Parental Profile

Child-related Characteristics Social- Economic Causes of Child Abuse - unable to protect

- more punishment-oriented create a greater risk Family Environment Age of the parents
teenage parents

Low self-confidence
worthless,
take out their feelings of inadequacy on children

Mental health problems
depression /psychiatric illness

Refusal to believe their way of parenting is wrong
"This is the way I was raised and I turned out just fine" Parental Profile Child-related Characteristics Child's Gender

- girls, 3 times more likely to be sexually assaulted than boys

- boys, 24% more likely to be seriously injured than girls

The child was unwanted/reminds the parent of an absent partner or spouse

Child's personality is a not a good fit with the parents' personalities Child abuse and neglect can affect all domains of development:
Physical
Psychological
Cognitive
Behavioural
Social Effects of child abuse 1) Physical b) Poor mental and emotional health Panic disorder
dissociative disorders
hyperactivity disorder
reactive attachment disorder (Teicher, 2000) c) Other effects 3) Cognitive 4) Behavioral 5) Social Be a nurturing parents
When children misbehave, use a courteous tone of voice with courteous voice.

Praise and encourage the children
Children need to know that they are special, loved and capable of following their dreams.

Help yourself and de-stress when necessary
When the parents are stress out , they should find some necessary ways for coping with stress. Parental education  Learn to recognize the signs of abuse and preventions
Know the signs and preventions of neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.

Monitor your child’s media intake
Watching violent films and TV programs can harm young children.

Volunteer at a local child abuse prevention program
Volunteer your time in a child crisis shelter, parenting support program, drug abuse prevention or treatment program, or shelter for the homeless. Social programs
care-preparing or financed sponsors to
support families living under poverty to increase their incomes.

Law-enforcement evaluation
Performed and followed by the filing of charges, court appearance, and (if
found guilty) sentencing as indicated.

Developing free and anonymous support systems
“Hot Line” : Talian Nur 15999 ,Toll free Teledera Line 8003040.

Examples :
Kementerian Penbangunan Wanita , Keluarga dan Masyarakat (KPWKM)
Kurnia Insurans Malaysia
United Nations Children's Fund(UNICEF)
Etc. Government & Child Welfare Organizations Child abuse became a serious problem of society
there are seven defenseless children being abused every day
seems like a ‘trend’ spreading all around the world Conclusion Conclusion The awareness towards children needs to be studied
Prevention program in school
Children can aware of dangerous situation and learn appropriate actions The promotion of children’s health and well being
The government and non-government agency can organize child abuse prevention campaign
‘Get on Board’ Campaign organized by UNICEF in 2010
to spread the knowledge of stop child abuse Conclusion Children are the hope of the future for the country

Children have the right and opportunity to stay healthy and happily Conclusion Say NO to child abuse! Yesican. (n.d.). Child Abuse Defined. Retrieved from http://www.yesican.org/defined.html
NSPCC. (n.d.). The Definition and Signs of Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.nspcc.org.uk/inform/trainingandconsultancy/consultancy/helpandadvice/definitions_and_signs_of_child_abuse_pdf_wdf65412.pdf
Family Resource Center. (n.d.) Causes of Child Abuse. Retrieve from http://www.frcmo.org/causes.html
ZenTactics (n.d).Causes of Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.zentactics.com/causes-of-child-abuse.html Reference Amanda, H. (2010). Causes and Effects of Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/229260-causes-effects-of-child-abuse/
Family Resource Center. (n.d.) Effects of Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.frcmo.org/effects.html
Alister, L. (2010). Effects of child abuse and neglect for children and adolescents. Retrieved from http://www.aifs.gov.au/nch/pubs/sheets/rs17/rs17.html
Child Help. (2012). 10 Ways You Can Prevent Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.childhelp.org/blog/entry/10-ways-you-can-prevent-child-abuse
E medicine health. (n.d.). Prevention of Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/child_abuse/page9_em.htm#prevention_of_child_abuse
Unicef. (n.d.). Child Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/malaysia/GetonBoard-Campaign-Brief-2010.10.2.pdf
Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2008). Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect. Retrieved from http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/preventingcan.cfm
Studymode. (1999). Child Abuse: Saddest and Most Tragic Problem Today. Retrieved from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Child-Abuse-Saddest-Most-Tragic-Problem-2920.html
Child Abuse.(n.d) Anti Essays. Retrieved from http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/80538.html Our Topic ? (Miranda, Arthur, Milan, Mahoney, & Perry, 1998) The most
obvious effect Physical injuries can be
minor(bruises) or severe
(broken bones or death) Lasting or recurring
health problems
(Eg, shaken baby syndrome) Negative brain development:
long term problems with
cognitive, language and
academic disabilities Adults suffer from asthma,
bronchitis, high blood
pressure and ulcers Speaker 1 : Lim Siew Yen --> Definition of Child Abuse

Speaker 2: Chao Wei Shi --> Factors of Child Abuse

Speaker 3 : Soong Yee Lin--> Effects of Child Abuse

Speaker 4 : Chong Wan Juen--> Prevention of Child Abuse

Speaker 5 : Yong Le Ling --> Conclusion CONTENT Intergenerational Transmission of Violence
abusive behavior, transmitted across generations

Social Stress
stress

alcohol & drugs use

characteristics of children Cont.

Social Isolation & Low Community Involvement
Parents & caretakers, socially isolated
Family Structure
single-parent families
chronic marital discord/spousal abuse
husband/wife dominating a) Immediate emotional effects
Isolation, fear, inability to trust

translate into lifelong consequences:
-low self esteem, depression and
relationship difficulties Cognitive
difficulties Social
difficulties score lower than the general population
on measures of cognitive capacity, language development, and academic achievement Children do not form secure attachments to them
Lead to later difficulties in relationships with adults
and peers Abusive behaviour Alcohol and other drug abuse Difficulties during adolescence Direct Costs Indirect Costs Include those associated
with maintaining a child
welfare system $24 billions per year long-term economic
consequences of child
abuse and neglect Eg, costs of special
education services
and the health care
system > $69 billions per year Parents

Government & Child Welfare Organizations 2) Psychological
Full transcript