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The effect of First Opium War and seclusion on Chinese moder
Transcript of The effect of First Opium War and seclusion on Chinese moder
Seclusion & The closed economy
In the early 15th century, the Ming Dynasty started shutting the Middle Kingdom out of the rest of the world. This of course continued with the Qing Dynasty, and the empire remained largely isolated until the 19th century, because of foreign "initiative."
The effect of Opium War and seclusion on Chinese economic growth & development
Brief Economic Growth Chart
Opium Wars, two armed conflicts in China in the mid-19th century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled China from 1644 to 1911. The first Opium War (1839–42) was fought between China and Britain, and the second Opium War (1856–60) was fought by Britain and France against China. In each case the foreign powers were victorious and gained economic advantages and legal and territorial concessions in China.
Imperial China didn't need the outside trade, they were a large country that didn't have need for resources from the outside and their technology at that point was sophisticated enough for what they needed.
Based on the closed economy for over 400 years, China was in a poor spot for military defense, technology and economic development. Therefore caused a failure in both wars toward the European nations.
The Treaty of Nanking
The fundamental purpose of the treaty was to change the framework of foreign trade. Chinese government was forced to open their coast lines toward western nations. (Guangzhou IE and Shanghai etc.)
The Qing government was obliged to pay the British government 21 million dollars in total and it had to be paid in installments over three years or the Qing government would be charged an annual interest rate of 5 percent for the money that was not paid in a timely manner.
People in general
----may wonder why Chinese economy had such a low starting point
For the nation itself
----as a turning point in the end of the history.
Implications and Personal Significance
AP Inquiry Pro
By Luning Ju 1-1
Possible questions to research
From the time of the Opium War until the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, various Western countries starting compelled China to agree to a series of unequal treaties that enabled foreigners to gain economic advantages through the trades. Therefore caused a great depression in Chinese economy.
The state of being private and away from other nations
Or keeping apart from society
What if China didn't have the closed economy? Would the wars still happen? If the war didn't happen, would China have a solid economy and became a developed country in the 1950s?
Li, Josh. "Seclusion of China." Prezi. Peter Arvai Péter Halácsy Adam Somlai-Fischer, 25 Mar. 2015. Web. 10 June 2017. <https://prezi.com/ymdvevf4hrkc/seclusion-of-china/>.
Britannica, . "Treaty of Nanjing CHINA-UNITED KINGDOM ." ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Britannica, Web. 11 June 2017. <https://www.britannica.com/event/Treaty-of-Nanjing>.
Pletcher, Kenneth. "Opium Wars CHINESE HISTORY." ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. BRITANNICA, 9 Mar. 2017. Web. 11 June 2017. <https://www.britannica.com/topic/Opium-Wars>.
"The Qing dynasty." Qing Dynasty Economy. N.P, 2014. Web. 9 June 2017.
Hirst, Tomas. "A brief history of China’s economic growth." World Economic Forum. N.p., 30 July 2015. Web. 8 June 2017. <https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/07/brief-history-of-china-economic-growth/>.