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Wine Production Country: Australia

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on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of Wine Production Country: Australia

Oenology Presentation
Wine Production country
Our team:
Christie 1007JH89402
Kaiyrbekova Aidana 1007JH89457
Nur Lydeana Bt Haja Najumudeen 1007JH89523
Weini Hartiwi Putri 1007JH 89473
Lim Han Yang 1004JH89096

Wine festivals and events

Victorian Wine Regions Showcase Series (Monthly)
Tasmanian Fruit Wine Festival (January)
Melbourne Food and Wine Festival (March)
Tastes of Rutherglen (March)
- Home to some of Australia’s oldest vines, richest wines 
Barossa Vintage Festival (April
-The largest and longest wine tourism festival in Australia since 1947.
Margaret River Wine Region Festival (May)
Brisbane Fine Wine Festival (July)
Jazz in the Vines - Hunter Valley Wine Country Events (October)

A new winery is born every 48 hours in Australia.

no mechanism for registration of new vineyard plantings
no central register of new wineries.
Some wisely and proudly publicize their arrival
Others hide their wine under a bushel.

Neighboring countries


Almost every type of soil and climate can be found in this large country
Ability to produce, red wines to white wines, fortified wines (such as port), and sweet wines to sparkling wines.

Leading research & education centre
National Wine Centre in Adelaide
National Wine and Grape Centre 

Oldest grape vines still do exist
Win medals at major international wine competition

The uniqueness about Australia’s wine industry


Quality and innovation wine
Top ten wine producing countries in the world

Australia’s wine industry started off from only a few small plantings


Wine varieties and styles - climatic differences, topography and soil types.

Major grape varieties: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Semillon, Pinot noir, Riesling, and Sauvignon blanc. 

Southern Hemisphere, south of Southeast Asia, and dividing the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. 
World's sixth-largest country
The terrain is mostly low plateau with deserts.
Capital: Canberra
Largest city: Sydney
Developed nation and it has the world's thirteenth largest economy.


Wine Producing Region
South Australia

New South Wales


Possibilities for Large-Scale

Captain Arthur Phillip

South Australia

Cyclical Manner


History of Wine Production

Farm Cove,
Favorable Soil
Dryer Climate
France, Italy
& Germany
Well know
of sweet &
fortified wine
> Half million
gallons per year
were imported
1990's -
End of WW2
Droughts, Outbreaks
of phylloxera,
economic woes
Export of
wine supported
Fortified wine
= little demand
had shifted
- 1970's
Modernize to meet
International Scale
Invested in
Began to
enforce high
quality standard
Export represent
40% of Australian
wine production
Permeated nearly
every level of
wine drinking
Major Wine Region
Shiraz: taste earthy, remain quite powerful
Cabernet Sauvignon: quite full bodied, flavors of blackberry, tannis
Chardonnay: Rich & nutty
Semillon: Distinctive crisp, lemon flavor
Shiraz: Earty & dense
Cabernet Sauvignon
Chardonnay: most popular white grapes
Pinot Noir: subtle, elegant Pinot Noir
Riesling: Grassy, tastes of gooseberries, tropical fruits
Carbenet Sauvignon: Blackberry & dry tannis
Grenache: Fruity & spicy
Semillon: Full Bodied
Shiraz: its top wine, alcoholic, spicy, oak flavors
Cabernet Sauvignon: intensity combination of climate & soil
Shiraz: Rich, intense, ripe & jammy
Grenache: Fruit, big, spicy
Cabernet Sauvignon: Pleasant, soft, ripe
Australia is known the world over for both its still and sparkling Shiraz wines.

Cabernet Sauvignon
First appeared in Australia at the beginning of the 1830s and today, it enjoys much success in many regions across the country, particularly in the Yarra Valley and Margaret River.

Merlot has proved a good investment for many wine growers by providing a backup for other crops that may not develop high yields in certain weather conditions.

Red Wine Styles of Australia

Semillon has always been at home in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales. Its has flavour of honey and apricot. 

Pinot Grigio and Pinot Gris
Over the past two decades, Pinot Grigio and Pint Gris have grown popularity in Australia and are now firmly placed in mainstream white wine market.

The Verdelho variety has found most success in Australia in the Margaret River region of Western Australia and the Hunter Valley in New South Wales.

White Wine Styles of Australia

Style of Wine Produced

Great Dividing Range in Eastern Australia:

This is a major landform consisting of mountains and uplands.
It brings height and acts as a barrier to tropical rain systems that come down the east coast effectively creating a rain shadow.
The only major wine region on ’wrong’ side of range is the Hunter Valley which typically experiences mid-summer and harvest rain

Geographical ranges

Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia:

This range makes viticulture possible in Adelaide Hills, Clare, Barossa and Eden Valleys

Geographical ranges

Weather patterns:
Prevailing cool weather patterns from the cold Southern Ocean moderate the warm northerly influence of the hot inland

Higher latitudes (further from equator) are cooler → southern Australia is much cooler than the north
Temperature decreases approximately 0.65°C for every 100 metres in altitude

Factors influencing
the climate

Australia has mediterranean climate, the cooler areas at found at altitude or close to the coast.

In Australia the biggest problem is Drought.

Weather can also cause vintage variation.

Climate and weather

Climatic and geographical features

Pinot Noir
Pinot Noir is one of the most difficult varieties of grape to grow, and is not as heavy as other red wines. Pinot Noir can be meaty and herbaceous.

Grenache was one of the most widely planted grape varieties in Australia before making way for Shiraz. Grenache holds its own very well, and is also a wonderful partner with other varieties.

Red Wine Styles of Australia

Chardonnay is now grown in many of Australia's wine regions, and it can range from citrus and herbaceous notes to a deep tropical bouquet.

The Riesling variety of grape has been grown in Australia since the 1800s. It has been particularly successful in the Barossa region of South Australia, where German settlers first planted it in the 1850s.

Sauvingnon Blanc
Sauvignon Blanc is commonly blended with Semillon in Australia, giving it an extra touch of fig.

Darling Scarp range in Western Australia:

This is the edge of the Yilgarn Craton and roses only to 400m.
The best Western Australian regions are on this scarp - from Perth Hills down to Pemberton

Geographical ranges

White Wine Styles of Australia
Major Grape Used
Interesting Viticultural Practices
Live Broadcast from
Jakarta, Indonesia
Average Value/Volume (Litre) from year 2004 to 2013

Total Value ($Amillion) from year 2004 to 2013

Leeuwin Estate at Margaret River, Western Australia
Margaret River is most renowned for its white wines, especially its Chardonnay and Semillon Sauvignon blends.
Leeuwin released its first commercial vintage in 1979 and quickly attracted international attention. Leeuwin now exports to more than 30 countries.

Famous Vineyard in Australia

Jacob’s Creek was the Barossa Valley’s first commercial vineyard
Today the winery produces Shiraz, Sauvignon, Semillon, Riesling, Cabernet Merlot and Chardonnay varieties.
Relaxed lunch matching food and wine in the award-winning Jacob’s Restaurant.
A tour of the vineyard about grape growing and winemaking.
Join a cooking class

Jacob’s Creek at Barossa Valley, South Australia

Total Volume (Litre) from year 2004 to 2013

Under Wine Australia Corporation Regulations, all wine shipments over 100 litres require export approval
The financial standing of the applicants
The applicant’s ability to obtain grape products from Australian suppliers
Licences are renew annually

Licensed to Export

Enjoy the regional cuisine and spectacular scenery at the award-winning Leeuwin Restaurant.
Special events are held throughout the year, including cooking classes, wine dinners and an annual alfresco summer concert series.

Leeuwin Estate

Jacob’s Creek at Barossa Valley, South Australia
The Jacob’s Creek Visitor Centre is the home of the Jacob’s Creek wine brand.
In the South Australian Tourism Hall of Fame in 2010 for winning Best Major Tourist Attraction 3 years in a row.
Awarded at the 2011 Australian Tourism Awards, Best Tourism Restaurant and Best Tourism Winery.

Famous Vineyard in Australia

The Leeuwin ‘Art Series’ wine labels have become famous. Wander through the estate’s art gallery to see the more than 100 paintings from Australia's leading contemporary artists that have been commissioned to feature on the labels.

Leeuwin Estate
Full transcript