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Edgar Allan Poe
Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe
"The Black Cat"
American author, poet, critic, editor
Invented the first ever detective story
The author of Sherlock Holmes, modeled Holmes after Poe's protagonist in his detective story
Pioneer of the American short story
Believed that if a story takes longer than one sitting to read, then it is not worth reading; because you are not able to truly enjoy it.
"The initial consideration was that of extent. If any literary work is too long to be read at one sitting, we must be content to dispense with the immensely important effect derivable from unity of impression for, if two sittings be required, the affairs of the world interfere, and every thing like totality is at once destroyed."
-Stories were usually dark and macabre
-Common symbols: evil eyes, ravens, vultures, ghost of dead loved ones
Most famous works:
"The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Raven", "The Masque of the Red Death", "Annabelle Lee" (too many to list)
Depressing Personal Life
Born in Boston
Became an orphan when mother died after father abandoned them
Taken in by John and Frances Allan in Virginia
Could not financially support himself, so he enlisted in the army
Married his 13 year old cousin, Virginia Clemm
Wrote "The Raven" and his wife died of tuberculosis 2 years later
Poe died at the age of 40
Official reasons for death are unknown, but it is believed that he died of alcohol poisoning, rabies, or cholera
Found foaming at the mouth
Literary Devices to Know
Suspense - The tension that the author uses to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown
The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story.
Point of View
pertains to who tells the story and how it is told. The point of view of a story can sometimes indirectly establish the author's intentions.
Imagery - the author’s attempt to create a mental picture (or reference point) in the mind of the reader. Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational (taste, touch, smell etc) or even physical response.
Directions: Create a t-chart where your 2 categories are sane and insane.
Write down any instances that prove our narrator is insane or sane. You should fill up at least 2 pages with lines from the story. You will use this evidence later in a court room debate and in an essay.