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Towards humanitarian architecture

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by

Mittul Vahanvati

on 2 June 2012

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Transcript of Towards humanitarian architecture

Architect
MBEnvSustDev
Facilitator
Educator
Community facilitation Bamboo construction, Australia Earthbag construction, India
I am interested in humanitarian architecture, due to ....
Research
My background
Matrix of design practices in a post disaster long-term housing recovery context, to inform architecture profession’s engagement in humanitarian projects
Despite the potential for architects to contribute to effective long-term housing recovery, architects have limited involvement.
Architects have limited involvement in post disaster housing reconstruction projects.


How to promote and enhance the involvement of architects in humanitarian projects like long-term housing recovery after a disaster?

To inform the future architectural practice for effective long-term housing recovery after a natural disaster, with a focus on case studies from India.
Is an architect required?
architects
planners
engineers
builders
Reference:Bevaola, K, Quamrul, A & Kamal, S 2010, 'Resource capability for local government in managing disaster', Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 438-51.
combining technical knowledge with traditional rural knowledge
Why research?
To inquire...
Research
problem:


Research
question:


Research
aim:
keywords: hous* AND disaster
Stage 1
The practice of Humanitarian Architecture
Importance of housing recovery & developing countries
Investigating three case studies of post disaster housing in India 2001-2008
Ways of promoting and enhancing the involvement of architects in housing recovery post disaster
Background
Contents:
Research problem?
Research inquiry
Research design
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
Why are architects not interested?
Humanitarian architecture
`
Imagine...
Sub standard homes after Latur earthquake
Davis, I. (1978)

Comerio, M.C. (1978)

Barakat, S. (2003)

Lang, H. (2008)
Lyons, M. (2009)

Ahmed, K.I. (2011)
Failure of housing recovery : sub-standard or socially in-appropriate
Davis, I. 1978
Skinner, R. 1990
Barakat, S. 2003
Seraj, S.M. & Ahmed, K.I. 2004
Boen, T. & Jigyasu, R. 2005
Barenstein, J.D. 2006
Ganapati, N.E. and
Ganapati, S. 2009
Advocates for architect's involvement
Davis, I. 1978

Aquilino, M. 1986

Charlesworth, E. 1999

Cuff, D. 2000

Davidson, C. H., Johnson, C.
& Lizarralde, G. 2010
Method of housing provision
Hamdi, N. (1968)

Davis, I. (1978)

Seraj, S.M. & Ahmed, K.I. (2004)

Ganapati, N.E. & Ganapati, S. (2009)

Davidson, C. H., Johnson, C.
& Lizarralde, G. 2010

Schilderman, T. & Lyons, M. (2011)
Practitioners of humanitarian architecture
Design Corps by Bell, B. & Wakeford, K. (1991)
Rural Studio by Mockbee, S. (since 1993)
Fathy, H. (since 1997)
Architecture for Humanity (AFH) Sinclair, C. & Kate, S. (1999)
Architects Without Frontiers (AWF) by Charlesworth, E. (1999)
Green Space Collaborative by Mueller, A. (2004)
SEEDs ; SKAT; TARU
Development Alternatives (DA)
Debate on architects' involvement by critics
Merkel, J. & Whitaker, C. (2010)




Hawthorne, C. (2011)
Literature review
Research problem
Potential outcome
Research timeframe
Architect engaged by local NGO
Architect engaged by government
Architect engaged by international aid agency
Literature review
Case-study
Data analysis

Mittul Vahanvati

Potential case-studies
Project:
Reconstructing housing in districts of Supaul, Madhepura and Saharsa in Bihar, India
Disaster:
Kosi river flooding, 2008
Initiative:
Gov. of Bihar, UNDP, WorldBank
Implementer:
Owner Driven Reconstruction Collaborative (ODRC) + Architects from CEPT Institute
Facilitators/ Advocates:
SEEDs (NGO)
Project:
Reconstructing housing in villages Karaikal region, Pondichery state, India
Disaster:
Tsunami, 2004
Initiative:
Swiss Red Cross and Swiss Solidarity, in collaboration with the lndian NGO Development Alternatives (DA)
Technical support:
SKAT
Project:
Reconstructing four villages in Rapar block and one village in Bachau Block of Kutchch district, Gujarat, India
Disaster:
Earthquake, 2001
Initiative:
Bansali trust
Implementer:
CEDAP (Architect engineer collaborative firm)
Technical support:
TARU (Action Research Unit)
Why?
Masters research:


Sustainability Principles
Ecology as the basis for the mode of architectural design and practice.
Full transcript