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English 9 2nd Quarter Day 17: Essay Writing Basics 1: Introduction

2q Day 17: Essay writing basics, Introduction function and elements.
by

samuel cook

on 5 January 2012

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Transcript of English 9 2nd Quarter Day 17: Essay Writing Basics 1: Introduction

I








Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
Day 4
Day 5
Day 6
Day 7
Day 8
Day 9
Warm Up
Define “Individuality.” Explain whether or not expressing individuality is always a good thing, or if it can come with consequences.
Individual Choice
vs.
The Greater Good
Altriusm vs.
Egoism
Individual Choice
Individual Choice is all about the actions that we take that either affect only ourselves, or that we believe will have an immediate and lasting impact on only ourselves.
(Such as eating 50 hot dogs in one sitting. You go boy,World Eating Contest Champion, Kobayashi!)
The Greater Good
Actions that fall under "The Greater Good" are things we do that may be inconvienent or have a negative impact on ourselves,but that have positive impacts on more people than ourselves.
(Does anyone actually like paying taxes? Probably not. But they support: roads, schools, the military, the space program, among other things.)
Altruism
Unselfish concern for others.
Egoism
Valuing everything based only on one's own self interest. (Selfishness)
Society views this as good...
And views this as bad...
However...
There are occasions where doing things for yourself, and not thinking about others may be the best option.
And where doing things for others and not worrying about yourself has unintended, negative consequences.
In life, there will always be a conflict about whether something that is perceived as helping the "greater good" of all society, is actually bad, and whether we should have an individual choice before we do it.
Vaccinations, for example, help the greater good of society by preventing the spread of deadly diseases. However, some people believe that vaccines have unintended consequences to health.
Homework
Themes are always played out with CONFLICT.
Conflict in a story is the struggle or problem that a character (or characters) deals with. They can often be stated in question format.
Will Jerry make it through the tunnel?
Will NiKan ever have a good relationship with her mom?
Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch's
7 basic story conflicts
Which of the 7 basic story conflicts fit the Kiwi?
Choose 1, and describe why it is the primary conflict in this story.
Common Thread Activity
Place your action card on either the "Individual Choice" sheet, or the "Greater Good" (Altruism) sheet.
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Machine/Technology


(Internal Conflict)
Man
vs.
Self
Man vs. Fate/Destiny
Man
vs.
Society
Man vs. Supernatural
Theme
A theme is a broad idea, message or moral within a story.
A theme is like a thread, which weaves its way through the entire story. The theme is usually implied, and made obvious through the actions of the story, usually played out through the story's main and various conflicts between the characters.
What's the theme of this costume party?
Wear your theme string all week. Gather at least 10 names and signatures of other people wearing their theme string that you find in school. THEY CANNOT BE ANY IN YOUR CLASS PERIOD.
Video Credits Go to Brandon Bishop, 1a!
Objective
Students will explore the meanings of “Individual Choice” and “The Greater Good,” in order to begin identifying and explaining examples of 2nd quarter’s theme and conflicts.
Warm Up
"Jerry struggled to fight the fear inside of him. The darkness of the tunnel could hide anything, and thoughts of tangling tentacles, of octopuses, crowded his thoughts."
Objective
Students continue exploring the quarter theme, “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good,” and the 7 basic story conflicts by reading and analyzing how the theme and conflicts are presented in the first part of “The Dead Past,” by Isaac Asimov.
Which of the following conflict themes best describes this quote?
A. Man vs. Man
B. Man vs. Destiny
C. Man vs. Self
D. Man vs. Nature
Explain how you know that the theme you chose works the best.
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Self
Man vs. Fate
Man vs. Supernatural
Man vs. Technology
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Society
7 basic story conflicts
1. Identify which conflict best fits the story
2. Explain what about the story proves that the conflict you identifed works the best
3. Identify which other conflicts could also apply, and why.
"Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good"
How can you apply this quarter's theme to the movie?
Name that film!
Ok, that was easy. But how about this...
Who wrote the story?
Meet Dr. Isaac Asimov,
writer of the story, "I, Robot"
Fact Sheet:

*Born In a non-Democractic Russia

*Born in 1920, died in 1992

*Published about 500 volumes of literary work

*Defined the universally accepted laws of robotics, now being applied and considered in real-life robotics.
Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good is a common theme in many of Asimov's works. As a child of parents who experienced a Russia that was moving towards a communist and non-democratic government, Asimov was fully aware of the dangers of a society that limited people's ability to make individual choices, and where people were forced to make choices that are not relevant to their own personal desires.
Write down the job or career that you most want on the slip of paper. Make sure to put your name on one side, and the job/career on the other side.
Imagine....
A society where everyone gets just one career.
Where the first job you have is the only job you'll ever have...
Where even thinking about any other job or career is considered anarchy...
And where the only way to do your job is to break the law.
(Lawlessness and disorder)
"The Dead Past"
What comes to mind with this story title?
1st Reading,
Cast List
Dr. Arnold Potterley
History Professor.

Specializes in Ancient Carthage

Overly obsessed and worried about fire.

Married.

One daughter (now deceased)

Believes he should have more choices than he is given in his career.
Thaddeus Araman
Government Beaurocrat

Smoker

Oversees all usage of the chronoscope (time-viewer)

Believes that what is best for all society is the most important.
Jonas Foster
Newly graduated.

New Professor of Physics

Apprehensive about breaking the rules.

Intellectually curious.
1st Reading, "The Dead Past"
USE YOUR GUIDED NOTES! YOU WILL NEED THEM FOR THE MIDWAY ESSAY!
(You are also being graded on them!)
Reading Roles for Today:
Narrator: Mr. Cook!
Volunteer Roles:
Jonas Foster
Dr. Potterley
Mr. Araman
Everyone Else:
FOLLOW ALONG
Anarchy
Lawlessness or disorder
unrealistically optimistic
Quixotic
4a only
Meet Shirley Jackson
Write your name on the slip of paper. There will be a lottery! Winner gets the same reward as the character that wins the lottery at the end of the story!
Important to this story are...
Mrs. Hutchinson.
Mother of 3
Mr. Hutchinson
Father of 3
Stones.
A black lottery box.
Fact Sheet:

*Born in 1916

*Died in 1965 at age 45

*Wrote stories with a twist or suprise ending. Nothing was ever as it seemed.
What comes to mind when you read the title, "The Lottery"?
Warmup
If an invention could change the world, but is potentially deadly, should it be kept secret, or should people be allowed to use it?
Explain
.
=
Quiz!!!

Quiz 1: Conflict and Theme
Part I. Theme
1. Define "Theme"
2. This quarter's theme is _______________vs. ________________
3. Define Altruism

4. Define Egoism
Part II: Conflcit
6.Identify the 7 basic story conflicts:
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
Man vs.________
7.Watch the video. In 3-4 sentences, explain which story conflict best fits the movie, and why a different conflict does not work.
(Invidivudal Choice vs. The Greater Good)
Extra Credit Chance!
Name all 7 story conflicts!
2nd Quarter Midway Essay:
Story Conflicts and Theme
1. You will need to write 500 words
2. You will need to write about 3 of the basic story conflicts.
3. You will need to use quotes and references.
4. You will need to type it, and email a copy.
Remember:
Claim: The argument or point you are making in your paragraph. That comes first.
"Man vs. Machine exists in the story from beginning to end."
Proof: The example you use to prove your point about your claim.
In the movie, Will Smith argues with his boss at the police station that the machines could cause problems.

He said, "Look, they can't be trusted."
Analysis: The example you use must be connected back to the proof, and explained how it proves the claim.
This example shows how Will Smith is against the robots. Because robots are machines, it expresses how he is in conflict with the machines.
This is how you will structure your body paragraphs. But your intro paragraph should be different.
Extended Essays require a 5 paragraph structure:

1 Introductory Paragraph,
3 Body paragraphs and
1 Concluding paragraph
Introductory Paragraphs have the following structure:

1. Statement about the topic “Themes are...”

2. Explanation of the story’s theme. “In ‘The Dangerous Dimension’ one theme that can be found is...”

3. Identification/Explanation of the conflicts you are discussing. “The conflicts most present in the story are...”

4. Explanation of what the conflicts do: “These conflicts work together to show the theme by...”


5. Explanation of what you believe the story’s conflicts show: “By the end of the story, the conflicts prove that this theme exists because...”
(Here, you should define the concept of themes themes)
In no less than 500 words, explain how 3 of the “Man vs.________” conflicts discussed in class are used to create an understanding of how the theme "Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good" is present within the story.

Stories: “The Dangerous Dimension” or “The Lottery”
This sentence is known as the thesis statement.
It is an opinion statement that you make that can be disagreed with by someone else. It is what your essay is all about. It should have topic for each topic you are covering.
By the end of the story, the conflicts prove that theme "Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good" exists because they work together to show that Will Smith fought other people in his goal to help all of humanity,
fought society's ideas to help humanity understand that the robots were dangerous,

and fought against the machines to help save humanity from being enslaved.
Man vs. Man Paragraph
Man vs. Machines/Technology Paragraph
Man vs. Society Paragraph
Close your eyes...
Imagine yourself




anywhere in the world...
Now, write down the name and a short description of that location.
Like where you went?
What if you could go there, whenever you wanted, just be thinking about it?
Florida...
Tokyo
The Bathroom
If anyone could learn to do this, in just a few seconds, should it be shared with everyone?
What kind of positive effects would that have on the world?
What would be the down sides?
What if you could not control where you went. If every time someone mentioned a location, a place name, you went there, because you thought about it...
Where would be bad places to end up? Where would be the worst place to end up?

Dr. Henry Mudge found out how to tranfer himself anywhere, just by thinking about it. But he can't control it. His thoughts take him anywhere, and he cannot stop it.
In this story, you will see the following conflicts:
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Fate/Destiny
Man vs. Supernatural
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Self
Make sure to take notes on occasions and quotes which show these conflicts!
Written Response
Explain which type of conflict was most present in the story today, and give one example which proves that conflict existed in the text.
Homework
Observe the lessons you see around you in school. During the week, concepts or situations discussed in your classes that reflects at least 3 of the 7 types of conflict. Write what the lesson/example in the class was about, and how it exhibited that type of conflict.

Warmup
Students will practice extended essay introductory paragraphs by writing an introductory paragraph which analyzes 3 conflicts present in “I, Robot.”

Students will continue evaluating the usage of story conflicts by reading and analyzing the story, “The Dangerous Dimension.”
Objective
“For years he had been in deadly terror of her...”
Which of the following conflicts works best with quote from "The Dangerous Dimension”
A. Man vs. Man
B. Man vs. Self
C. Man vs. Nature
D. Man vs. Society

Explain why you
chose your answer.
1.
2.
3.
Let's say you were given this image.
And you were given the following essay prompt on it...
"In a well formulated essay, explain 3 reasons this image could be used to scare small children"
Looking at this image, what three reasons would you come up with?
1. The creepy house in the background.
2. The strange, and untrustworthy women in the foreground.
3. The grayscale photo.
Mine:
Now put those three reasons into a sentence:
The creepy house in the background, the untrustworthy looking women, and the grayscale coloring all combine to make an image that would scare any child.
1.
2.
3.
These points? THESE are thesis points.
And the whole thing is called a "Thesis Statement"
Thesis Statement
:
an explanation of the topic or purpose of a research paper.
What's the purpose of my essay here?
Yes! The purpose of my essay is to prove that the creepy house, the untrustworhy looking women, and the grayscale coloring combine to make an image that would scare any child.
Is this a fact or an opinion?
OPINION!
And it's my opinion. Many of you came up with different reasons.
The introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in an extended, 5 paragraph essay (such as the kind you will be writing!). The most important part of it is the thesis statement.
Introductory Paragraph Structure:
Introductory Paragraphs have the following structure:

1. Statement defining the topic:
"On many occasions, small children are scared by the images that they see."

2. Identifying the topic's specifics:
"The grayscale image with the two ladies and the dark house is one example of an image that could have an effect on children."

3. Details about the topic's specifics:
"The image is dark, with shadowy overtones, very disturbed looking women, and a house in the background that could potentially cause a negative impact on small children."

4. Introduction to the thesis statement:
"While there are many aspects of the image that could scare children, only a few of them would probably have lasting impacts."

5. Thesis statement about the topic:
"The creepy house in the background, the untrustworthy looking women, and the grayscale coloring all combine to make an image that would scare any child."
Now, we have a beginning to an essay!
In a well-formulated essay, explain how three of the 7 basic story conflicts are presented in the film preview for the movie, "I, Robot."
Mine:
The 7 basic story conflicts can easily be applied to many different stories. "I, Robot" is a movie made in 2004 which presents many of the 7 basic story conflicts identified by Thomas Quiller-Couch. In the movie, Will Smith fights against the idea that robots are safe, and is forced to go almost single-handedly against other people and a robot hoard which is ready to enslave all of humanity. While many of the 7 conflicts work within the movie, three in particular work better than others. Because he is fighting against other humans, battling dangerous robots, and rejecting the mainstream ideas about robots, the story conflicts that can best be applied to the movie "I, Robot" are man vs. man, man vs. machine/technology and man vs. society.
Last time...
Henry Mudge was in conflict with his housekeeper,
Lizzie Doolin.
Which "man vs."
conflict is this?

How do you know?
Today...
Continue to take notes on and be aware of the other conflicts within this story:
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Self
Man vs. Supernatural
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Fate/Destiny
Written Response
Explain which type of conflict was most present in the story today, and give one example which proves that conflict existed in the text.
Homework
Observe the lessons you see around you in school. During the week, concepts or situations discussed in your classes that reflects at least 3 of the 7 types of conflict. Write what the lesson/example in the class was about, and how it exhibited that type of conflict.
On a Separate sheet of paper...
List the following things
1. Top 5 Songs of 2011

2. Top 5 Sayings of the year school year

3. Top 5 Brands (Clothing and shoe brands)

4. Top 5 Movies of 2011

5. Top 5 TV Shows of 2011
Warmup
In the first part of "The Dangerous Dimension," Dr. Mudge accidentally transports to Paris, France. Which of the 7 story conflicts best represents his inability to control where he teleports?
Objective
Students will continue evaluating the usage of story conflicts by reading and analyzing the story, “The Dangerous Dimension.”
Review
What are the 7 basic story conflicts?
Man vs. Man



Man vs. Self



Man vs. Nature



Man vs. Machine/Technology



Man vs. Supernatural



Man vs. Society



Man vs. Fate/Destiny
This quarter's theme is
"Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good."
Altruism
Egoism
(Thinking only of what benefits one's self)
(Thinking only of what benefits others)
The first essay's topic:
In no less than 500 words, explain how 2 different “man vs.__________” conflicts are presented within the text (The Dangerous Dimension or The Lottery) and work together to show that the theme “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good” exists within the story.
Continuing Reading
As we continue to read, do not forget to take notes on where you see conflicts occuring.
For example, if you read about how Dr. Mudge had an argument with his housekeeper, Lizzie Doolin, what would you write down in your notes?
Do not forget to write down examples that prove that the different conflicts exist. Be specific in your notes!
Homework
Observe the lessons you see around you in school. During the week, concepts or situations discussed in your classes that reflects at least 3 of the 7 types of conflict. Write what the lesson/example in the class was about, and how it exhibited that type of conflict.
Written Response
Explain which type of conflict was most present in the story today, and give one example which proves that conflict existed in the text.
Warmup
There is one place where Dr. Mudge is afraid that his mind will take him, which, he explains, would result in his “imminent destruction.” Explain where this place might be, and which conflicts would apply if he were to appear there.
Objective
Students will continue evaluating the usage of story conflicts by reading and analyzing the story, “The Dangerous Dimension.”
Explain which type of conflict was most present in the story today, and give one example which proves that conflict existed in the text.
Written Response
What do we know:
There is a man named Dr. Henry Mudge.
He lives with, but is afraid of, his housekeeper, Ms. Lizzie Doolin.
(Man vs. Man!)
Using an equation that he developed...
Dr. Mudge enhanced the powers of his brain...
Allowing him to teleport himself to wherever his mind thinks about.
However, Dr. Mudge quickly learns that he can't stop himself from thinking of different places...
(Man vs. Self!)
And anyone around him who talks risks sending him to anywhere in the universe, beyond his control.

(Man vs. Fate/Destiny!)
Paris!
Lecture hall!
Mars!
Hell!
oilet
Zoo
Africa
The Dean, someone who could help, thinks Dr. Mudge is crazy.
This leaves one option: Dr. Mudge must finish Equation C, or eventually his mind will take him somewhere that will lead to his imminent destruction...
Now that we're done with the story, respond!
Which conflicts from the story have the most detail and information? Which ones would best work for proving that the theme, “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good” truly exists in the story?
Writing your Introductory Paragraph
In 500 words or less, explain how 2 of the "Man vs._______" conflicts are presented in the story, and how they are used to represent the theme "Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good."
Sample Introduction:
Themes are the overall meanings or ideas which control the actions of the story. Themes are always shown through the different conflicts which are present within a story. The 7 basic story conflicts one might find in a story are man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. self, man vs. machine or technology, man vs. nature and man vs. fate/destiny. In the story "The Dangerous Dimension," by L. Ron Hubbard, the theme "Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good" is clearly present. Throughout the story, the main character, Dr. Henry Mudge, struggles with the dangerous ability to transport himself anywhere he wants, a skill he taught himself, but one that could easily be taught to anyone. He soon loses control of it when he realizes that people cannot always control their own thoughts. The conflicts most present within this story are man vs. man and man vs. self. Through his struggles with other people and his struggles to control his own thoughts, the main character, Dr. Mudge, works to ensure that the equation that granted him this dangerous curse, Equation C, can be solved, that for the greater good of society, no one ever discovers it as well.
Homework
Observe the lessons you see around you in school. During the week, concepts or situations discussed in your classes that reflects at least 3 of the 7 types of conflict. Write what the lesson/example in the class was about, and how it exhibited that type of conflict.
Identify what Henry Mudge did in the story “The Dangerous Dimension” that would be considered helping the greater good. Identify what Dr. Mudge would have done that would be considered an individual choice to help himself.
Warmup
Students will use their knowledge of the story “The Dangerous Dimension” by L. Ron Hubbard to evaluate the text in order to prove that the theme “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good” exists within the story.
Objective
Writing your Essay
The Rules are simple...
1. Follow along and write each sentence with us.
2. If you have questions, ASK, but we will only spend 3-4 minutes on each sentence.
3. DON'T WASTE TIME. If we get through all of it, you will walk out of here with your essay COMPLETED.
The Introduction
1) Write a sentence introducing the essay’s topic:
(The essay's topic is "themes")
"Themes are...."
MAKE AN INDENT!
2. Write a sentence describing conflicts:
"The 7 basic conflicts that go along with themes are..."
3. Write a 2-3 sentences describing the story:
In the story, "The Dangerous Dimension..."
4. Write a sentence identifying which 2 conflicts are most present within the story:
"In the story, the conflicts that are most present are..."
5. Write a sentence identifying which theme is most present within the story:
The story, "The Dangerous Dimension," focuses on the theme..."
6. Write a sentence explaining how the 2 conflicts you chose show the theme exists in the story:
"The conflicts _______ and _______ prove that the theme ___________ exists because..."
STOP! Count up the number of words you have used so far. Write a subtotal next to your 1st paragraph.
Body Paragraph #1
1. Write a sentence introducing one of the 2 conflicts you chose:
"One major conflict in "The Dangerous Dimension" is..."
2. Write a sentence introducing one example of that conflict:
"In the story, Dr. Mudge..."
3. Give a quoted example from the story.
In the text it says..."____________________".
4. Explain how that quoted example shows the conflict:
"This example shows the conflict______________ because..."
5. Write a sentence introducing another example of that conflict:
"Also in the story..."
7. Explain how that quoted example shows the conflict:
"This example shows how..."
MAKE AN INDENT!
STOP! Count up the number of words you have used so far. Write a subtotal next to your 2nd paragraph.
1. Write a sentence introducing the second conflict you chose:
"Another major conflict in "The Dangerous Dimension" is..."
2. Write a sentence introducing one example of that conflict:
"In the story, Dr. Mudge..."
3. Give a quoted example from the story.
In the text it says..."____________________".
4. Explain how that quoted example shows the conflict:
"This examples shows the conflict______________ because..."
5. Write a sentence introducing another example of that conflict:
"Also in the story..."
7. Explain how that quoted example shows the conflict:
"This example shows how..."
STOP! Count up the number of words you have used so far. Write a subtotal next to your 3rd paragraph.
Body Paragraph #2
MAKE AN INDENT!
Body Paragraph #3
1. Write a sentence introducing the story’s theme:
"The main theme of the Dangerous Dimension is..."
2. Write a sentence explaining how conflict #1 proves the theme exists in the story:
"___________ works to prove this theme exists because..."
3. Provide an example from the text that shows the conflict proved the theme:
"In the text Dr. Mudge..."
4. Write a sentence explaining whether that conflict showed an individual choice or greater good action:
"This conflict in the story primarily serves________________ because..."
5. Write a sentence explaining how conflict #2 proves the theme exists in the story:
"The other conflict that shows the theme __________ is..."
6. Provide an example from the text that shows that the conflict proved the theme:
"In the text Dr. Mudge..."
7. Write a sentence explaining whether that conflict showed an individual choice or a greater good action:
"This conflict in the story primarily serves __________________ because..."
STOP! Count up the number of words you have used so far. Write a subtotal next to your 4th paragraph.
Conclusion
1. Re-introduce your thesis statement:
"In the story, "The Dangerous Dimension," the conflicts that are most present are______________ and _____________. These conflicts prove that theme _____________ exists because..."
2. Explain how conflict #1 exists in the story:
"_________ is a primary conflict because..."
2. Explain how conflict #2 exists in the story:
"__________ is also a primary conflict because..."
3. Explain how the two conflicts work together to show the theme exists:
"These two conflicts work to show the theme ___________ exists by..."
5. Write a sentence about the overall meaning of the story:
"Overall, the conflicts and theme in this story show..."
STOP! Count up the number of words you have used so far. Write a subtotal next to your 5th paragraph.
Finishing Touches
1. Formatting
2. Formatting #2
Your essay must be TPYED and PRINTED. The PRINTED version is only HALF the grade
Your essay must also be EMAILED as an ATTACHMENT. NOT COPIED AND PASTED OR TYPED INTO THE EMAIL.
The Digital copy is the OTHER half of the grade!
If you forget what to do... READ THE PROJECT PAPER.
MAKE AN INDENT!
MAKE AN INDENT!
6. Give a quoted example from the story.
In the text it says..."____________________".
6. Give a quoted example from the story.
In the text it says..."____________________".
Week 3 MVP!
Week 3
MVPs!
Warmup
Rewrite the following sentence by changing the singular pronouns (I, me, my, myself) to plural pronouns (We, us, ourselves, our).
“I hold the light of truth within my hands. If not for me, the world would be dark and gloomy. I take pride in myself and the work of my own hands.”
How does the meaning of the sentence change when it is expressing group pronouns, instead of personal pronouns?
Students will review the concept of “collectivism” by writing about the meanings and connections of quotes from Ayn Rands, “Anthem.”
Objective
Collectivism
A philosophical system that values the group more than the individual.
Our next story,
"Anthem," by Ayn Rand, takes collectivism to the extreme...
By forcing everyone to be the same...
To be part of the group...
Even to the level of their thoughts.
How?
By ridding the world of the one thing that separates us all
Individuality.
Starting... with singular pronouns.
What is a pronoun?
A word that takes the place of a noun. An identifier for a person, place or thing.
John hates apples.
He
Singular pronouns identify a person, place or thing that is an individual.

(as well as HE, SHE, or IT)
In the "Anthem" society, this has been banned from society for so long, nobody even remembers that these words exist.
In your groups
1. Have each person write a sentence about himself/herself using the singular pronoun on your printed sheet.

2. On the opposite side of your sheet, rewrite the sentences you each wrote, replacing the singular pronoun, with the plural pronoun.

3. Be prepared to share!
On the walls, you see papers that identify collectivist thought. Take one from the wall, return to your desk, and on the BACK of that paper answer the following:
What does it mean for us to express ourselves using only plural pronouns, and no personal pronouns?
1) What does the quote make you think about?

2) If the quote was applied to you, how would it make you feel?

3) How do you believe the quote applies to this quarter’s theme, “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good”?
Homework
Spend the next week speaking without using singular pronouns in every class period. Write down at least 10 reactions from both students and teachers.
Describe how the story fits into the quarter's theme, "Individual Choice vs. the Greater Good"
Warmup
What does it mean to be equal? Is it possible for all people to be equal, 100% of the time?
Objective
-Students will preview the story “Anthem” and begin reading chapter 1 in order to develop a concept of how the story's conflicts are creating the meaning present within the story.
Celebrations are in order!
After months of lobbying, our school has finally been selected for a new program sponsored by Prince George's County, the Federal Department of Education and the Rand Educational Foundation!
JUST KIDDING!
Respond!
How did that letter make you feel?
Who would be on the losing end if it were true?
Who would be on the winning end?
What would an education system like that get rid of.
The whole situation would be an introduction of collectivism into the way we teach and learn.
"It is a sin to be different from our brothers."
This takes us into today's lesson!
Last class we talked about
"collectivism"
,
the concept that emphasizes the importance group over the individual.
Individualism
is the opposite of collectivism.
It is a philosophical system that values that individual over the group.
An individual is expressed through the understanding that one person (You, me, anyone else), is unique, different and separate from others.
This is the Ego. Your understanding of "me"-ness.
Keep in mind:
As we discussed last class, neither of these exist in the "Anthem" society.
It is therefore a
dystopian
society, even though its founders attempted to create a
utopia
Dystopia:
Hell on earth. A world or society where everything has gone horribly wrong.
Utopia:
Paradise. A world or society where everything is perfect for everyone.
Our next story focuses primarly on one man, named Equality 7-2521
Everyone in the "Anthem" society must learn for 15 years. After that, they go before the council of vocations to receive their jobs. This job they will have for life, until they either turn too old to work, or they die.

TIME FOR YOU ALL TO RECEIVE YOUR VOCATIONS.

Once you recieve your vocation, go to your new group. The desk you sit at will be your desk until the end of the quarter. The name at that desk will be your new name until the end of the quarter. Write your name on the line for your class period. Write your new name on all of the assignments that you turn in as well.
MEMORIZE YOUR "Anthem" NAME!
Remember: their society practices
collectivism
. They can have
nothing
for themselves. Even their names are not unique. Everyone is assigned a
word and a number to designate who they are.
As we read...
You will be taking notes on conflicts. Pay attention to how these conflicts are presented in the story, and constantly think about how they help us understand the theme "Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good."
Post Reading:
Characterize Equality 7-2521’s personality based on the indirect characterization method:
Speech, Thoughts, Effects, Actions, Looks.

How do you believe his personality affects his ability to “fit-in” with his society and their ideals?
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Day 10
Warmup
Explain what about the “Anthem” society would make it a “Dystopian” society.
(Hint)
Oh noes!
Bad news.
Street Sweepers

Doctors
Cooks

Peasants

Actors
Are all in debt!
It's up to the Scholars and the Leaders to bail everyone else out.
Scholars and Leaders: Time to Decide
Either pay as many of your brothers' and sisters' debts as you can with your money, or...

Or
Let them all get sentenced to 10 years in the Palace of Corrective Detention.
You have 4 minutes to pay or...to decide to let them waste away in prison!
Respond!
For the Scholars and Leaders:
For everyone else:
What did you have to give up? Did you believe it was fair?
What did it feel like to owe money without having an ability to pay it off? Was it fair to ask the Scholars and Leaders to pay all the debts?
Selflessness and Free Will
(Paying all the debts)
(Having the ability to decide)
Selfless:
having little or no concern for oneself, especially with regard to fame, position, money,
Free Will:
(Synonym: Altruism. A Greater Good action.
The ability to choose, think, and act voluntarily
(An Individual Choice action)
Giving all the money away
Choosing not to give any money away
But based on what we've read and discussed, and what we know about the "Anthem" society, which would be the only option? Why?
Story in Review
What we know...
Characterize Equality 7-2521!
Speech
Thoughts
Effect (on others)
Actions
Looks
Based on your characterization, complete the following sentence:

Equality 7-2521 is a man who...
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Post-reading response:

Answer the following question about the story from Chapter 1:

How do you believe his personality affects his ability to “fit-in” with his society and their ideals?
Warmup
Identify one thing Equality 7-2521 does that is breaking the laws of his society. Explain how you believe his society enforces that law.
(Hint)
Anthem Quiz #1
Part 1
Part 2
Define the following vocabulary words:
Dystopia
Eutopia
Collectivism
Individualism
Ego
Comprehension Question
In one paragraph, identify 2 ways in which Equality was different. Describe why those differences are "sinful" in his society.
You are now the rulers of your own society!
In your groups...

1) Create a list of 5 rules that everyone must follow in your society.

2) Create a list of 5 methods that you will use to ensure that everyone in your society follows your rules/laws
Be prepared to share!
To obey or not to obey, that is the question...
Obedience
Independence
Complying with a command; yielding to those in authority.
Freedom from the control, influence, support, aid, or the like, of others.
What does obedience look like when a society enforces it?
In some countries, when the citizens are not obedient, they send in the tanks...
What does independence look like in a society?
The American Independence was an example of independence gained that we should all know!
Characterize Equality 7-2521!
Speech
Thoughts
Effect (on others)
Actions
Looks
Based on your characterization, complete the following sentence:

Equality 7-2521 is a man who...
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Homework
Survey 10 friends and teachers for the following:

Identify one rule in life that they find hard to obey. Have them write the rule, and sign their name.
How do you believe his personality affects his ability to be “obedient” to his society and their ideals?
Post Reading
Day 11
(Don't forget to give your new society a name!)
Day 12
Warmup
an·them (n): a song of praise, devotion or patriotism
Quote one example from Anthem so far (pages 17-24) that you would consider the "Anthem" of their society. Write 1-2 sentences explaining why you chose that example.
Characterize Equality 7-2521!
Speech
Thoughts
Effect (on others)
Actions
Looks
Based on your characterization, complete the following sentence:

Equality 7-2521 is a man who...
How do you believe his personality affects his ability to be “obedient” to his society and their ideals?
Post Reading
an·them (n): a song of praise, devotion or patriotism
The main elements of an anthem...
References to the history or a historical event for the society/country.
References indicating the traditions/beliefs of the society/country.
References the struggles of the people within that society/country.
War of 1812
Paul Revere's Ride
"OMG! The British are coming!"
Write 2-4 sentences describing the beliefs of the societies presented in each of the 3 national anthems.
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Day 13
Characterize Equality 7-2521!
Speech
Thoughts
Effect (on others)
Actions
Looks
Based on your characterization, complete the following sentence:

Equality 7-2521 is a man who...
Warm-up
Explain what the leaders and founders of the “Anthem” society have done to rid the world of identity.
Identity
the condition of being oneself and not another
Homework
Write one paragraph describing the mythical character “Prometheus”.
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Characterize Equality 7-2521!
Speech
Thoughts
Effect (on others)
Actions
Looks
Based on your characterization, complete the following sentence:

Equality 7-2521 is a man who...
Warmup
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Homework
Write one paragraph describing the mythical character “Prometheus”.
Post-Reading
How do you believe his personality affects his ability to be “obedient” to his society and their ideals?
Extra Video Goodness!
Warmup
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
What does Equality 7-2521 finally understand about his society when the council threatens to destroy his invention?
Conformity
The act or habit of bringing [oneself] into harmony or agreement with others; of adhering to conventional behavior."
Conformist vs. Non-conformist
Someone who tows the line, never challenges the system or the way things are.
Someone who does not go along with the accepted standards or beliefs of the majority.
Which of these fits Equality 7-2521? Why?
Field Trip Time!
We're going to take a tour of the school. As we walk, try to identify the following:
Items that you see that represent either collectivism or individualism.
Make a tally chart of collectivist vs. individualist, and add them up for each.
Take some time to complete the following statement. Provide details:
Based on my findings, I believe that Crossland is more of a _________________ society, because...
Post Reading:
How do you believe his personality affects his ability to be “obedient” to his society and their ideals?
On the walls, you see papers that identify individualist thought. Take one from the wall, return to your desk, and on the BACK of that paper answer the following:
1) What first comes to mind when you read the quote?

2) How does the quote express individualism/individuality?

3) How do you believe the quote applies to this quarter’s theme, “Individual Choice vs. The Greater Good”?
Warmup
A trailer a day keeps confusion away!
Describe the significance of Liberty 5-3000 naming Equality “The Unconquered.”
Day 16
something that represents or stands for something else, usually by convention or association, esp a material object used to represent something abstract
Symbol
Anthem Quiz 2
Part 1: Vocabulary
Conformity
Identity
"Anthem" Defined
Obedience
Free Will
Part 2
Define the term "Anthem" and give at least 2 characteristics that make up an anthem.
Of the trailers we have watched, which one do you believe best captures the true essence of the story?
Anthem Symbols
What do each of these items symbolize?
What does the name "Unconquered" mean?

What does the name "Prometheus" symbolize?
What does the light bulb/ light box symbolize?
What does the candle symbolize?
What does the tunnel symbolize?
Day 14
Day 15
Day 17
Day 18
Warmup
What is the purpose of the introductory paragraph in an essay?
Essay Writing Part 1
Writing the Introduction

Think of your first paragraph like an upside down pyramid. At the beginning you're talking about a lot of general information. By the time you get to the end of it, you should be pretty specific about what you're doing.
What is an "Introduction?"
It Introduces the most important parts of the essay to the reader, and to give the writer’s overall opinion that on the subject that will be proven in the body.
Parts of your Introductory Paragraph
1. The grabber, the first few sentences should pull the reader into the essay to make him/her interested in the subject.
2. Transitional sentence, which connects the first few statements to the thesis you are going to make.
3. Thesis statement, the opinion you have on the subject that you will prove in the body of the essay. It’s the main idea of your entire essay.
The Grabber
A wise man once said, "There are several ways to grab someone's attention. The easiest and most obvious way is to smack them in the face."
Anecdote: a brief incident that relates to the theme of the essay.

Startling fact or opinion: a piece of information that will get your reader's attention.

Rhetorical question: a meaningful, unanswerable question that gets the reader thinking about your topic.

Quotation: someone else's words that relate to the topic.

Description: a brief description of a scene, person, or object that appeals to the reader's senses
The Transition
The art of essay writing is based heavily on the introduction. Grabbing a reader's attention is difficult, and keeping it perhaps even more challenging and daunting of a task.
The transition should follow from the grabber. It should be relevant to both the thesis statement and the grabber. Notice how the statement above follows directly from the previous statement in the Grabber section. If you couldn't already tell, an essay is beginning to form. The next statement would naturally be a statement the writer would be trying to prove within the body of an essay.
The Thesis
This essay writing complexity can be tackled by even the most novice of writers. The simple steps to catching and keeping the reader's attentions are to remain interesting, remain relevant, and to avoid insults which drive the audience away.
The thesis statement is the point or opinion that the previous two sections are building up towards. This statement is what the entire essay is about, and what your entire essay should be trying to prove. In the above example, it is clear that the essay is trying to prove that the three points provided are the best ways to capture and keep a reader's attention in an essay.
Things to avoid
1. Announcing what you are about to do. Do not explain what your next move is going to be.

In this paper I will . . .

The purpose of this essay is to . . .
2. Avoid incomplete sentences and sentence fragments
3. Avoid weak vocabulary. Try using a thesaurus!
Strategies for the Introduction
-Write the thesis statement FIRST. You need to know what you’re arguing first, then organize the entire essay around that one point.
-Try to include at least 3 points in your thesis, or a single statement that can be looked at from multiple angles.
-Decide what information is most interesting/necessary from the story for you to include before your thesis. However, make sure that it is relevant to the thesis statement.
Sample Introductions
For each of these sample introductions, identify the parts, and identify what's wrong with the way they are written.
1.From birth to the first few years, life is filled with new, exciting and influential experiences. Familarization with the people and things in the surroundings makes lasting impressions. For years doctors and psychologists have been pondering the question of the effect divorce has on the offspring of a marriage. Although the information is still inconclusive, I will attempt to define my feelings on the subject based on the first few lines of this essay.
2. Growing up with brothers and sisters is important to a young child. It is better to have brothers and sisters than to be an only child.
3. "The High Rate for Cancer Has Decreased Because Cigarettes are Off the Market" would be a nice headline if the government did more to discourage cigarette smoking and succeeds. The government should do more to discourage cigarette smoking because this would decrease the high cancer percentage and help many people break their habit.
As a group, write an introductory paragraph for the topic you received on chart paper. Do NOT identify your thesis, transition or grabber.
Identify the Grabber, Transition and Thesis from your partner groups' introduction. Identify any errors they made in their introduction.
Essay writing Part 2
Writing the Body and the Conclusion

Warmup
Students will define essay structure and format in order to identify incorrect essay structure within a student example.
The Body!
Think of the body paragraphs as a big, tasty hamburger
The top bun is the Claim
Claim: to assert or maintain as a fact
The toppings are the Proof
Proof: evidence sufficient to establish a thing as true, or to produce belief in its truth.
The analysis is the meat.
Analysis: an description of evidence to explain its truthfulness.
The bottom bun is the tie-in, where you explain how the examples given all prove your point.
Remember: It's better to have a double than a single! (Extra topings, and extra burger!)
Full transcript