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The Diphthongs, Rhotic Diphthongs, and Triphthongs of General American English

Descriptions and word examples are given for all English diphthongs (including those with r-coloring) and triphthongs (a diphthong + r-coloring.
by

Jennifer Rickard

on 26 July 2013

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Transcript of The Diphthongs, Rhotic Diphthongs, and Triphthongs of General American English

The Diphthongs
Front
Central
Back
High
Mid
Low
i
ɪ
e
ɛ
æ
a
u
ʊ
o
ɔ
ɑ
ə
ʌ
ɜ˞
ɚ
= phonemic diphthong
ɑɪ
phonemic
[sad] vs. [saɪd]

nonphonemic
[bek] vs. [beɪk]
ɔɪ
phonemic
[d͡ʒɔ] and [d͡ʒɔɪ]

ɑʊ
phonemic
[mɑs] vs. [mɑʊs]

nonphonemic
...and Centering/Rhotic Diphthongs
i
ɪ
e
ɛ
æ
a
u
ʊ
o
ɔ
ɑ
ɜ˞
ɚ
ʌ
ə
...and Triphthongs!
Front
Central
Back
High
Mid
Low
i
ɪ
e
ɛ
æ
a
u
ʊ
o
ɔ
ɑ
Front
Central
Back
High
Mid
Low
ʌ
ə
ɜ˞
ɚ
ɪɚ
"ear"
"nearly"
"fear"
ɛɚ
"air"
"careless"
"fair"

"are"
"part"
"car"
ɔɚ
"or"
"forty"
"more"
ʊɚ
"pure"
"cure"
aɪɚ
"ire"
"fireplace"
"higher"
ɔɪɚ
"lawyer
"foyer"
aʊɚ
"hour"
"powerful"
"sour"
oʊɚ
"ower"
"lower down"
"mower"
-Phthongs
Diphthongs
Centering/Rhotic Diphthongs
Triphthongs

Activity
For each of the phonemic diphthongs, provide a pair of words that demonstrates that they are phonemic diphthongs.
ɑ͡ɪ
a͡ʊ
ɔ͡ɪ
Full transcript