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The Roaring 20s
Transcript of The Roaring 20s
The 1920s a time of change
People changed their looks
The way they dressed
The music they listened to
Their dancing techniques too
And partied all night long
Most commonly known as "THE ROARING TWENTIES"
People drank all day
An era that began on January 1, 1920
ended December 31, 1929
A time when people evolved
The United States during the 1920s
"The Lost Generation"
First Olympic Winter Games
First Talking Movie
Flapper Dresses in Style
First Academy Award
Historical Events that occurred during the 1920s
Why do you think the 1920's is called the "Roaring 20's?"
Based on the images and videos you just saw, what was life like during the 1920's?
The United States emerged from WWI as a
. The nation turned inward, seeking
and a return to
Model T Sells for $850
Model T Sells for $290
moving assembly line
(process that greatly reduced the cost of building a product) and offered two industry firsts:
$5 a day wage for workers
(most companies offered $2-$3). This is about $120 today
Allowed to buy cars on installment plans
The rise of the automobile affected the entire American Economy
Steel for car bodies
rubber for tires
glass for windows
Car Repair shops
: 85% of all Americans living in towns or cities had electricity
Companies responded by building new electrical appliances designed to make household chores easier such as washing machines, vacuum cleaners, and refrigerators
By the 1920s, more than half of the country's population lived in Urban Areas
A new youth culture developed, which included going to parties and dance clubs, listening to popular music, and driving fast cars
High School Attendance doubled during the decade and the percentage of students going on to college was higher in the United States than in any other country
Young women who expressed their freedom by cutting their hair short and wearing short dresses and makeup.
During WWI, many Americans supported prohibition because it conserved grains during the war
1919: States ratify the 18th Amendment which prohibits the making, selling, or transporting alcohol
Saloons shut down, arrests for drunkenness declined. There was a drop in the amount of alcohol that people consumed, especially working people for whom the high price of illegal liquor was an obstacle
Prohibition proved impossible to enforce
Many people found ways to make alcohol at home using household products
Others bought alcohol at Speakeasies, or illegal bars
Bootleggers would smuggle alcohol from Canada, Mexico, or the Caribbean and make huge profits from importing illegal alcohol
Gangsters were able to avoid arrest by bribing local police and politicians.
In Chicago, Al "Scarface" Capone gained control of the alcohol trade by murdering his rivals. By 1927, Capone was earning more than $60 million a year from illegal businesses.
By the end of the decade, prohibition had reduced alcohol consumption but had not stopped Americans from drinking. Instead, prohibition had created new ways for criminals to grow rich
Without government supervision of alcohol production, much of the alcohol consumed in speakeasies was more dangerous than what had been produced before prohibition.
ADVANTAGES OF PROHIBITION
PROBLEMS WITH PROHIBITION
1933: State and Federal governments approve the 21st amendment which repeals prohibition
Almost any family could afford to buy a radio.
The radio became the leading supplier of entertainment as families would listen to music, baseball games or political conventions
In 1927, the first major "talkie" created a movie sensation
Actors like Charlie Chaplin became celebrities
Animated films began in the 1920s
Walt Disney was founded in 1923
Americans were buying 95 million movie tickets each week (US population was only 123 million)
Fans packed stadiums to see George Herman Ruth shatter home run records
Hit his record breaking 60th HR (single season) in 1927
American Swimmer Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel between England and France and she beat the men's record by almost two hours
1927: Charles Lindbergh completes the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, traveling from New York to Paris
1932: Amelia Earhart becomes the first women to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean
Emergence of a new "breed" of music and artists like Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday and Duke Ellington
Henry Ford was the first industrial giant to give workers both Saturday and Sunday off, in hope that it would encourage more leisure use of automobiles, and thus popularizing the idea of the "weekend"
At the time of his death (1947); Henry Ford was worth $188.1 Billion in 2008 dollars
Bottom line; people's opinion of prohibition was...