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Elephants are endangered and under the protection of many di
Transcript of Elephants are endangered and under the protection of many di
Different Species, Sub-Species and Controversy
Borneo Pygmy Elephants
Different Types of African Elephants?
Should they be regarded as a subspecies?
Yes, there are two distinct subspecies of African Elephants.
Upon further examination scientists were able to determine that there are different types of African Elephants.
Elephants face many threats but all of them stem from the actions of humans. Humans are the leading cause for habitat loss which is one of the leading
causes for the death of elephants. Humans also hunt and kill elephants for their tusks.
- Heart Shaped face
- Flat or Gradual Curve of the back
- "One Finger" trunk
- Tusks found in males
- Females either have small or rudimentary tusks.
- Larger ears and larger in size
- Dramatic dip at the shoulder
- "two finger" trunk
- Larger Males
- Tusks in both males and females
Main diet: Grasses, herbs, leaves, fruit, small plants farm crops and bark
Frequent forests and grasslands
African Bush Elephant & African Forest Elephant
Seemingly unsubstantial differences between the two types of elephants were the reason for the belief that there was no difference between the two types of elephants.
Dart samples were taken from free range elephants and examined for DNA sequence variations. Distinctions between the populations corresponded to 58% differences between specific genes (Georgiadis, Science Magazine).
Georgiadis, Nicholas, Jill Pecon-Slattery, Alfred L. Roca, and Stephen J. O'Brien.
"Go to Science." Science Magazine. N.p., 24 Aug. 2001. Web. 26 May 2014.