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Hamlet Act II

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Usman Saqib

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Hamlet Act II

Summary of Act II Scene I Polonius gives Reynaldo money to give to his son Laertes in France. He also tells Reynaldo to spy on him. Ophelia comes in to tell her father, Polonius, what Hamlet did. Apparently, Hamlet tried to seduce Ophelia. "Excellent well. You are a fishmonger." -Hamlet (II. ii. 190) Polonius says that Claudius should be informed. Polonius probably likes this because no he can feel important to the King. - Hamlet mocks and insults Polonis
- "Fishmonger" is a reference with negative connotation. Scene II Claudius and Gertrude invite Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to go spy on Hamlet. "Good gentleman, He hath much talked of you, and sure I am two men there is not living to whom he more adheres. If it will please you to show us so much gentry and good will as to expend your time with us awhile for the supply and profit of your hope, your visitation shall receive such thanks as fits a kings remembrance." -Queen (II. ii. 19-26) Polonius comes with the ambassadors from Norway and says that they won't attack. - This quote is significant because it clearly shows the king and queen are manipulating Hamlet's friends.
- They used exaggeration and deception Polonius believes Hamlet is driven madly in love with his daughter Ophelia. The parents then decide to plan a meeting between the two. Significance of Hamlet Speech to Polonius Original Speech Polonius ends up confronting Hamlet and attempts to learn why Hamlet is troubled. Hamlet sees through Polonius and knows that he is just doing this to get closer to the King. So, Hamlet replies to Polonius's questions irrelevantly and also condescendingly. This is when Hamlet calls Polonuis a fishmonger. HAMLET: Well, God-a-mercy.
POLONIUS: Do you know me, my lord?
HAMLET: Excellent well; you are a fishmonger.
POLONIUS: Not I, my lord.
HAMLET: Then I would you were so honest a man.
POLONIUS: Honest, my lord!
HAMLET: Ay, sir; to be honest, as this world goes, is to be
one man picked out of ten thousand.
POLONIUS: That's very true, my lord.
HAMLET: For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog, being a good kissing carrion—Have you a daughter?
POLONIUS: I have, my lord.
HAMLET: Let her not walk i' th' sun. Conception is a
blessing: but not as your daughter may conceive.
Friend, look to 't.
POLONIUS [Aside.]: How say you by that? Still harping on my daughter:
yet he knew me not at first; 'a said I was a fishmonger.
'A is far gone, far gone: and truly in my youth I
suffered much extremity for love—very near this. I'll speak to him again.—What do you read, my lord?
HAMLET: Words, words, words.
POLONIUS: What is the matter, my lord?
HAMLET: Between who?
POLONIUS : I mean, the matter that you read, my lord.
HAMLET: Slanders, sir: for the satirical rogue says here
that old men have grey beards, that their faces are
wrinkled, their eyes purging thick amber and
plum-tree gum, and that they have a plentiful lack of
wit, together with most weak hams: all which, sir,
though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet
I hold it not honesty to have it thus set down, for
yourself, sir, should be old as I am, if like a crab
you could go backward.
POLONIUS [Aside.]: Though this be madness,
yet there is method
in 't. Will you walk out of the air, my lord?
HAMLET: Into my grave.
POLONIUS [Aside.]: Indeed, that is out o' the air.
How pregnant sometimes his replies are! a happiness
that often madness hits on, which reason and sanity
could not so prosperously be delivered of. I will
leave him, and suddenly contrive the means of
meeting between him and my daughter.—My honorable lord, I will most humbly take my leave of you.
HAMLET: You cannot, sir, take from me any thing that I will
more willingly part withal: except my life, except
my life, except my life.
POLONIUS: Fare you well, my lord. "Come, go with me. I will go seek the king. This is the very ecstasy of love, whose violent property fordoes itself..."-Polonius (II. i. 113-115) - Polonius is concerned that Hamlet is mad for Ophelia.
- They emphasize urgency and severity through extreme word choices Also, Polonius is too dumb to understand the insults that Hamlet says to him; he does not realize that Hamlet was doing that to make everyone think that he is insane. "The plays the thing wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king."-Hamlet (II.ii.633-643) -It shows Hamlets plot and foreshadows events to come
-Bluntly states his goal using directs words "Why, then, 'tis none to you; for there is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so: to me it is a prison." -Hamlet (II.ii.268-270) Analysis of the Speech In this speech, Hamlet show's the exact nature of his distaste towards Polonius., as he is well aware of his intentions to spy on Hamlet. This is apparent by his choice in words, calling Polonius a fishmonger, essentially calling him a suck up to the king. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who are childhood friends of Hamlet, visit Hamlet and end up admitting that Claudis had indeed asked them to figure out what was troubling Hamlet. Hamlet also makes no attempt to hide his ridiculing of Polonius's intelligence and nature. He uses "Words, words, words." as a simple reply to offend Polonius's common sense. Relationship to Other Scenes The information taken from this scene becomes highly ironic during Polonius's death is Act III. - He points out the idea of a fixed label for good or bad
- The use of "but"
- Prison is a metaphor for how the labels of good and bad are confined During the speech in Act II, it shows that Hamlet almost does not regard Polonius as his own person, but instead a suck up extension of Claudius. Some actors/players arrive and Hamlet, wanting to ensure that Claudis murdered his father, asks then to perform an act that he wrote that recreates the death of his father. Themes and Motifs Quotes While the play regards his death as an accident, the Act makes every attempt to mock his pompous and shallow nature. He was mistaken for someone else because his personality actually is that of "someone else". The irony behind Polonius's demise was in the fact that he was mistaken for Claudius. Major Themes of Act II: Suspicion
Deception Suspicion The theme of suspicion and accusations are very prevalent in Act II. In many of the scenes, the characters are assuming and accusing others of actions whether they are truthful or not. Hamlet accuses Polonius of trying to just get close to the King.
Everyone accuses and assumes Hamlet is insane.
Hamlet accuses Rosencrantz and Guildenstern of visiting only because of Claudius's commands. Culture HAMLET: ACT TWO Culture is a theme in the novel because at the end it talks about a play and actors. Coincidentally, Hamlet is a play itself, so it is a play in a play. Sort of like PLAY-CEPTION. In the final scene of the act, Shakespeare stresses the significance of plays in his own time period. It is noted that during his time there was controversy over some aspects of the new generation of play-makers. Shakespeere, wanting to maintain traditional components of play, pokes fun at these new ideals through Hamlet. That is why there is a lot of dialogue between Rosencrantz and the First player about plays. Tragedy Analysis “…an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions”(p. 22).

It is the same as Aristotle but is just a more intense tragedy. Hamlet has a tragic flaw similar to other tragic plays. He always talks of revenge but he never acts upon it. “My bark is worse than my bite” –Pochahontas unlike Aristotle though Hamlet does not foreshadow any of its events so the view will notice. Hamlet does not have a prophecy like Aristotle’s normal tradgedies. Deception Deception is always visible in the play Hamlet. Almost all the characters engage in some sort of deception whether its to conceal a plan, in the case of Hamlet, or to attempt to learn the truth about someone, such as Rosencratz and Guildenstern. There is also some irony in this as Hamlet yearns for truthfulness and honesty from people, depicted in his scene with Ophelia later on, but Hamlet himself deceives people. Hamlet deceives everyone, especially Polonius, into thinking that he is insane.
Rosencratz and Guildenstern attempt to deceive Hamlet by stating their visit is their own doing rather than the king's.
Claudius and the Queen attempt to create a secret meeting with Hamlet and Ophelia to discover the cause of Hamlet's misery. How do these themes relate to the real world? Politics Suspicion There is always speculation on what other parties or party members are up to
Relates to how scandals form
Accusations are always made on opposing groups Culture Candidates always bring their own unique backgrounds
Groups speak and lobby for things they may be accustomed to and they believe in because of their heritages Deception Politics always has deception
Parties and candidates may lie a lot to sway voters
Tricking people is the easiest way to achieve something THE END
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