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Mesopotamia,Egypt,and United States Compare and Contrast Civilizations
Transcript of Mesopotamia,Egypt,and United States Compare and Contrast Civilizations
They had a wide knowledge of mathematics including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, quadratic and cubic equations, and fractions. This was important in keeping track of records as well as in some of their large building projects.
The Mesopotamians had formulas for figuring out the circumference and area for different geometric shapes like rectangles, circles, and triangles. Some evidence suggests that they even knew the Pythagorean Theorem long before Pythagoras wrote it down. They may have even discovered the number for pi in figuring the circumference of a circle. Trade Mesopotamia was a region which did not have many natural resources. Therefore, the people who lived there needed to trade with neighbouring countries in order to acquire the resources they needed to live. Grain, oils and textiles were taken from Babylonia to foreign cities and exchanged for timber, wine, precious metals and stones. In addition, merchants from other countries travelled to Babylonia to exchange their goods. Merchants used several different methods for transporting their goods depending on what they were transporting. For example, grain was quite bulky and was best transported on a boat, whereas precious stones were likely to be small, so they could be transported on foot or by donkey. Physical Features Sahara desert Nile river Nile delta Farming Egypt was, of all early civilization, in the best position to develop a great civilization. Each year the "Gift of the Nile" would be a flood brought on by monsoon rains in central Africa.. These floods brought only a thin layer of silt from both a jungle area and also a mountainous area. The White Nile brought highly mineralized silt which would be eroded from Abyssssinian Alps 1500 miles inland in Central Africa. Monsoon winds off the Indian Ocean would cause very heavy thunderstorms in this region, which would cause erosion. (2F) The silt from the Blue Nile was heavy with humus from the jungle and swampy sources. These two sources brought Egypt in a thin annual layer of silt about 1/20" a year. Irrigation ditches were easy to maintain because the silt did not clog the ditches. Humus was good for supplying organic material, which helped crops in Egypt immensely. Cities, Public Works the public works concerned the work done for the Pharaoh such as digging canals, building temples, palaces, monuments, tombs and of course pyramids. Religion They used levers and pullyes to build the pyramids. Government Kings called pharaohs were an all-powerful ruler who guided Egypt's every activity. Class System In the Upper Class there were Pharaohs, Priests, and Nobles.
In the Middle Class there were Traders, Artisans, Shopkeepers,
Scribes, Farmers, and Herders. And in the Lower Class there were Unskilled Workers. Job Specialization Farming, Cloth, Jewelry, Pottery, Metal, Muchants, Traders, Artisans, Copper, Bronze. They used copper and bronze to make tools and weapons. They used the barter system. Writing/Language There writing were hieroglyphics.The official language in the Arab Republic of Egypt is Arabic. Egypt's population varies from Egyptians, Nubians, Greeks, Amazigh, Turks, Beja and Abazas. Technology Ancient Egyptians don’t seem very advanced compared to civilization in the 21st century, but you have to realize we are in a much more advanced time than they were. We have had a lot more time to develop this far into computers, televisions, video games, and medical knowledge. They had a shorter amount of time to develop a water clock, sundial, pyramids and the tools to build them, and a time system. Trade ■Egypt is a major trading partner for the EU in the Southern Mediterranean region.
■The entry into force of the Association Agreement in 2004 improved conditions for trade between the EU and Egypt. Since 2004, EU-Egypt bilateral trade has more than doubled and reached its highest level ever in 2011 (from €11.5 billion in 2004 to €23.3 billion in 2011).
■The EU is traditionally Egypt's main trading partner, covering more than 30% of Egypt's trade volume and ranking first both as Egypt's import and export partner.
■EU imports of goods from Egypt are dominated by energy, followed by chemicals and textiles and clothes. EU exports to Egypt consist mainly of machinery and chemicals.
■EU exports of services to Egypt are dominated by business services, while the EU imports from Egypt consist mainly of travel services and transport. Physical Features Colorado River Rocky Mountains Mt. McKinley Mt. Rushmore Great Lakes Mississippi River Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Arctic Ocean Gulf of Mexico Bering Strait Death Valley Grand Canyon Farming Kitchawan Farm
In northern Westchester County, New York, this small-scale family farm uses natural methods (no pesticides or chemicals) to grow vegetables, herbs, and flowers. Tended by the same family for the last century, the farm is also home to horses and chickens. Though not certified organic, the fields have never been sprayed and their soil comes from "an ancient glacial silt deposit."
Read more: http://www.dwell.com/maps/small-farms-across-the-united-states.html#ixzz2DZxVKQAH Cities, Public Works San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge Religion Religion in the United States is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. Various religious faiths have flourished, as well as perished, in the United States. Religions that span the country's multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those founded within the country, have led the United States to become one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a "very important" role in their lives, a proportion unique among developed nations.
The majority of Americans (73%) identify themselves as Christians and about 20% have no religious affiliation. According to the American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS), those who identify themselves as Catholics make up about 25% of the adult population, while "other Christians" account for another 51%. The same survey says that other religions (including, for example, Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism) collectively make up about 4% of the adult population, another 15% of the adult population claim no religious affiliation, and 5.2% said they did not know, or they refused to reply. According to another survey, 36 percent of Americans state that they attend services nearly every week or more.
Despite a high level of religious adherence, only 9% of Americans in a 2008 poll said religion was the most important thing in their life, compared with 45% who said family was paramount in their life and 17% who said money and career was paramount. Government Similarities Class systems
The top class has a noble land
owning.At the bottom were the
slaves. Physical Features Syrian desert, fertile soil Tigris and Euphrates river Persian Gulf and zagros mountains Cities, Public Works Mesopotamia's top public works were Dams and Dikes these were to control flooding. Canals were one of the most important plublic works, they were use to bring water to the fields. City walls was another this helped the city or city states be protected so it will make it hard for other armys to atack. Last top one was warehouses to store food. These ancient governments started plublic works to improve the lives of city dwellers and farmers. Religion Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Sumerian and Akkadian (Assyrian/Babylonian) peoples living in Mesopotamia (around the area of modern Iraq) that dominated the region for a period of 4200 years from the fourth millennium BC to proximately the 3rd century AD. Christianity began to take root among the Mesopotamians in the 1st century AD, and over the next 300 years the native religion largely died out. However, it is known that the god Ashur was still worshipped in Assyria as late as the 4th Century AD and it is rumoured that Ashurism was still practiced by tiny minorities in northern Assyria (around Harran) until the 17th Century AD. Government King Hammurabi made laws. Class System In the Upper Class there were Kings, Priests, and Government Officials. In the Middle Class there were Farmers, Fisherman, and Artisans. And in the Lower Class there were Slaves, Prisoners, owed dept, and not born into slavery. Writing/Language Stylus used in cuneiform writing.The people of ancient Mesopotamia spoke a number of languages, including Akkadian, Eblaite, Elamite, Phoenician, Semitic, and Sumerian. Job specialization
There are teachers,
They had complex
concepts. They also
used an elaborate
They had advances in
and medicine. Trade
Traded extensively To ensure that no person or group would amass too much power, the founders established a government in which the powers to create, implement, and adjudicate laws were separated. Each branch of government is balanced by powers in the other two coequal branches: The President can veto the laws of the Congress; the Congress confirms or rejects the President's appointments and can remove the President from office in exceptional circumstances; and the justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Class System Social class in the United States is a controversial issue, having many competing definitions, models, and even disagreements over its very existence. Many Americans believe in a simple three-class model that includes the "rich", the "middle class", and the "poor". More complex models that have been proposed describe as many as a dozen class levels; while still others deny the very existence, in the European sense, of "social class" in American society. Most definitions of class structure group people according to wealth, income, education, type of occupation, and membership in a specific subculture or social network. Job Specialization Employed almost exclusively by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), air traffic controllers are responsible for the safe operation of private and commercial aircraft. Responsibilities include coordinating movement of air traffic to keep planes at safe distances from one another and minimize traffic delays. Typically, a team works together to communicate with pilots and warn about weather patterns, and to help planes position for takeoff, landing and taxiing to the gate.
To become an air traffic controller, you must enroll in an FAA-approved program and pass an aptitude test. Exceptions may be made for those with military or aviation experience. A four-year degree and three years of work experience are typically required, and you must apply to take the exam. If you are selected and you pass, you’ll have to attend a 12-week training session before working as a development controller for two to four years. Only after that will you be ready to be hired as an air traffic controller. Writing/Language English is the national language of the United States Spanish is the second most common language in the country Technology The United States came into being around the Age of Enlightenment (circa 1680 to 1800), a period in which writers and thinkers rejected the superstitions of the past. Instead, they emphasized the powers of reason and unbiased inquiry, especially inquiry into the workings of the natural world. Enlightenment philosophers envisioned a "republic of science," where ideas would be exchanged freely and useful knowledge would improve the lot of all citizens. Trade The United States is Member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO Agreement) sets out rules governing trade among the WTO's 154 members. The United States and other WTO Members are currently engaged in Doha Development Round of world trade talks, and a strong, market-opening Doha agreement for both goods and services would be an important contribution to addressing the global economic crisis and helping to restore trade's role in leading economic growth and development. Farming They grew
grain which was
to them Physical
Features Public works They have
the same climate
that has deserts and
also marshes. Religion
and temples were to worship
gods. Government They all had a
political systems. u.s Mesopotamia Egypt Mesopotamia Egypt Mesopotamia Technology Mesopotamia
astronomy u.s mathematics Egypt mathematics U.s Egypt Mesopotamia U.s.a They all used dams to control flooding.
They used canals to bring water to fields. U.s Mesopotamia Egypt Mesopotamia &
Egypt U.s Egypt,Mesopotamia,and U.S.A The End