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Major Conquests and Events of Alexander the Great

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Transcript of Major Conquests and Events of Alexander the Great

335 B.C.
333 B.C.
323 B.C
356 B.C.
331 B.C.
Major Conquests and Events of Alexander the Great
Rise to the Throne
Alexander took the the throne at age 20 after his father, King Philip II, was assassinated in 336 B.C. Alexander quickly gained power by putting down revolts and uniting the Greek city-states under his rule,
Revolts & Early Campaign
Many Greeks revolted when Alexander took the throne, claiming he was too young to rule. Alexander quickly put these down and solidified his control over the city-states. The city-state of Thebes was the most resistant of the Greek territories and was swiftly destroyed by Alexander on his campaign over Greece. After the fall of Thebes, Greece was officially under Macedonian control.
Early Persian Campaign - Battle of Granicus
After gaining complete control over Greece and, thus expanding his military, Alexander set out on a campaign to control the Persian Empire. The first battle, the Battle of Granicus, was a victory for Alexander. In this battle, Alexander not only defeated the Persians, but also strengthened the confidence and loyalty of his army.
Conquest of Egypt
From 332 B.C. to 331 B.C., Alexander continued to win numerous naval and land battles along the Mediterranean. After destroying the major port in Tyre, Alexander went on to gain Egypt. He then founded to the city Alexandria, Egypt, which was said to be the "greatest of his 'Alexander' cities". The conquest over Egypt readied him for the decisive battle against the Persians, which was soon to come.
Battle of Issus
After traveling through Turkey and gaining its land, Alexander's troops meet again with the Persian troops along the Pinarus River. Alexander was able to position his troops around the weakest parts of the Persian army and with this, as well as their famous Macedonian phalanx, were able to defeat Persia once again. This time, Darius fled, leaving his army in ruins and the western half of the Persian Empire open for Alexander and his army.
Battle of Gaugamela
In the same year, Alexander went on to defeat Persia. The Battle of Gaugamela utterly destroyed the Persian army and once again caused Darius to flee, all though this time for good (he would later be executed). Alexander had gained control over the entire Persian Empire and declared himself "Lord of Asia". In just three years, Alexander had gained control almost four million square miles.
Further Campaigns
After defeating the Persians, Alexander continued to expand his empire, roaming through modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and to the farthest reaches of the Persian Empire. He eventually reached India where he fought his last battle and was victorious against the Indian king. He had wanted to continue, but his troops refused to go any further was forced to turn back. He planned to return there one day.
Alexander's Birth
356 B.C.
Alexander was born to King Philip II of Macedonia, a northern region of Greece. He was often involved in the workings of the government and became a sort of regent for his father as a teenager while he was away at battle .
King Philip II
Macedonia
336 B.C.
Ancient Greece
336 B.C.
335 B.C.
334 B.C.
333 B.C.
331 B.C.
331 B.C
329-327 B.C
Alexander's Death
323 B.C.
Alexander never did get the chance to return because of his sudden death after catching a fever (probably malaria). He died at age 33. However, he did not name an heir to the throne, and thus, his empire crumbled. It was split between generals and ceased to exist.
Thebes
Battle of Granicus
Alexander at the
Battle of Issus
Cleopatra's Needle
in Alexandria
Battle Diagram
Battle of the Hydaspes (India)
Alexander's empire and conquest
course before its crumble
334 B.C.
331 B.C.
327 B.C.
Macedonian phalanx
Full transcript