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Birmingham Church Bombing

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Arianna Rodriguez

on 1 October 2015

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Transcript of Birmingham Church Bombing

Facts
Three former Ku Klux Klan members are convicted of murder for the bombing.
The city of Birmingham initially offered a $52,000 reward for the arrest of the bombers.
Birmingham Church Bombing
What happened
On September 15,1963 a bomb exploded before Sunday morning services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama a church that served as a meeting place for civil rights leaders.
Constitutional Rights
1st freedom of speech, religion and the press.

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Challenges
The first challenge was dealing with the lost of four children.The second challenge was trying to rebuild the church.
The people who last there lives
The people who lost there lives are Addie Mae Collins, Carole Robertson, Cynthia Westley ,Denise McNair as you see in the picture below.
How it happened
Time Line
September 15, 1963 - Four girls are killed and 14 injured in a bomb blast at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
September 16, 1963 - President John F. Kennedy responds by saying, "If these cruel and tragic events can only awaken that city and state - if they can only awaken this entire nation to a realization of the folly of racial injustice and hatred and violence, then it is not too late for all concerned to unite in steps toward peaceful progress before more lives are lost."
September 16, 1963 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. holds a press conference in Birmingham, saying that the U.S. Army "ought to come to Birmingham and take over this city and run it."
1965 - Suspects emerge: Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Robert Chambliss, and Herman Frank Cash, all Ku Klux Clan members. Witnesses are reluctant to talk and physical evidence is lacking so charges are not filed.
1976 - Alabama Attorney General Bill Baxley reopens the case.
September 26, 1977 - Robert Chambliss, 73, a retired auto mechanic and former Ku Klux Klan member, is indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury on four counts of first-degree murder.
November 15, 1977 - On the second day of the trial, Chambliss's niece, Elizabeth Cobb, testifies that before the bombing, Chambliss confided to her that he had "enough stuff put away to flatten half of Birmingham."
November 18, 1977 - Robert Chambliss is convicted of first-degree murder in connection with the bombing and sentenced to life imprisonment.
1985 - Chambliss dies in prison.
1994 - Herman Frank Cash dies without being charged in the bombing.
July 1997 - The case is reopened by the FBI, citing new evidence.
May 16, 2000 - A grand jury in Alabama indicts former Klansmen Bobby Frank Cherry and Thomas Blanton with eight counts each of first-degree murder - four counts of intentional murder and four of murder with universal malice.
May 1, 2001 - Thomas Blanton is found guilty of first-degree murder and is sentenced to four life terms.
May 22, 2002 - Bobby Frank Cherry is found guilty and given a sentence of four life terms.
November 8, 2004 - Cherry dies in prison.
February 20, 2006 - The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church is declared a national historic landmark.
September 12, 2013 - 50 years after the bombing, all four girls who died are awarded Congressional Gold Medals.
September 14, 2013 - A bronze and steel statue of the four girls is unveiled. It is located at Kelly Ingram Park, on the corner of Sixteenth Street North and Sixth Avenue North.
The four girls where in the basement restroom when the bomb went off at the west side of the building and under the rubble four bodys were found and there was another person in the restroom Ten-year-old Sarah Collins, who was also in the restroom at the time of the explosion, lost her right eye and
Full transcript