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The Russian Revolution, WWII, and the Cold War

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Julian Dodson

on 29 August 2018

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Transcript of The Russian Revolution, WWII, and the Cold War

Rasputin
Bolsheviks were very much influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx.
Marx theorized:
The state is a tool of the industrial bourgeoisie

Industrialization had produced two classes: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat (industrial worker)

These two were locked in constant class struggle that would eventually lead to victory for the proletariat.

This victory would bring the transfer of state power to the workers and the eventual “withering” of the state because it would no longer serve the interests of the bourgeoisie.

Treaty of Versailles
Tsar Nicolas II
March 8: 10,000 Petrograd women take to the streets chanting “Peace and Bread” and “Down with Autocracy.”

March 10: Protesters are joined by more workers and a general strike is called, shutting down factories all over the city. Nicolas orders troops to fire on the crowds. Soldiers refuse and join the protesters.

What conditions in the interwar years led to the outbreak of WWII?

What were the various causes of the Cold War?
Early March, 1917: Workers’ strikes break out in Petrograd.

March 15: The Duma (Russian Parliament) establishes a provisional government and Nicolas abdicates the same day.

What did the Bolsheviks promise?

An end to the war
Redistribution of land to peasants
Transfer of factories to workers’ committees
Transfer of governmental power to these committees, called “soviets”

“Peace, Land, Bread,” “Worker Control of Production,” and “All Power to the Soviets”
The Russian Revolution, WWII, and the Cold War
Germany and Russia in the Interwar Years:

Economic decline, grinding poverty, political instability. Established forms of political organization just weren't cutting it for the majority of Europeans. Russia and Germany were hit hardest.
WWI devastated European civilization:

8-9 million soldiers died in combat.
22 million were wounded.

Those who survived the war, later died from their injuries or suffered loss of limbs or other forms of mutilation.
Article 231 "War Guilt Clause"

Blamed Germany and Austria for causing the war and made those nations pay reparations
Prince Felix Yusupov
Grand Duke Dmitry Pavlovich
Vladimir Purishkevich
Fascism
Communism
There is no such thing as a communist fascist.
Mid twentieth century
Totalitarianism,
however, came in both communist and fascist flavors.

Totalitarianism is a system of rule dominated by a single leader or a single party. It rejects the idea of limited government power and constitutional guarantees of individual freedoms
Yalta Conference, February 1945
Potsdam Conference: July 17, 1945
Rasputin's Body
Full transcript