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present simple, past simple,

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Martha liliana rincon

on 9 July 2015

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Transcript of present simple, past simple,

present simple, past simple,
present progressive

SIMPLE PRESENT
It is used in reference to situations that occur regularly or permanent situations. Therefore , we use normally accompanied by adverbs of frequency (usually , Often , never etc. ) or expressions such as every ( day , week , Monday etc. ) or on ( Mondays , Tuesdays etc.) . It forms in English with the verb infinitive without 'to ' ( basic form ) to all persons except the third person singular adding a final -s
PAST SIMPLE:

Regular verbs used, add the ending " -ed" to the verb. The form is the same for everyone
Examples:

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
Is formed with the verb be and a present participle: BE + (verb + ing) . This grammatical aspect corresponds to the verb BE + gerund. Use in actions that are happening when talking .
I play
You play
She / He / it plays
We play
You play
They play

EXAMPLES
Verbo

Tercera persona

Significado
to go he goes él va
to wish he wishes él desea
to reach he reaches él alcanza
to express he expresses él expresa
to fix he fixes él arregla
to kiss he kisses él besa
to buzz he buzzes él murmulla

EXAMPLES
subject BE present participle
I am studying English
Estoy estudiando el inglés.
I am dancing
Estoy bailando
Martha and Samuel are waiting at the café.
Martha and Samuel están esperando en el café.
The baby is sleeping.
El bebé está durmiendo.

Want – wanted I wanted my dog.(yo busque mi perro)
Learn – learned (Yo aprendi Quimica en el colegio)
Stay – stayed
Play – played (yo jugue futbol)
Exceptions:
1. For verbs that end in "e", only add "-d
Examples:
change → changed
believe → believed
2. If the verb ends in a short vowel and a consonant (except " and" or " w " ) , double the final consonant .
stop → stopped
commit → committed
3. With verbs that end in a consonant and a " and " change the " y" with an "i".
study → studied
try → tried

Adicionalmente, los verbos acabados en Ycuando la Y no es precedida de una vocal forman la tercera persona en "ies".


Verbo

Tercera persona significado
to occupy he occupies él ocupa
to study he studies él estudia


Quantifiers (Cuantificadores)
MUCHAS GRACIAS
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