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TkT Second Module

Description of the second Module of TKT course

Vianney Trevizo

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of TkT Second Module

Meaningful Learning. TkT module 2 Motivation: Extrinsic Motivation Outside the classroom, External factors such as:
Attitude of society.
Peers Intrinsic Motivation Inside the classroom Teacher´s methods Students´perception of their success or failure Why is it important to know about this topic? It affects the learning process of the students! So, it is crucial to know different methods and activities to plan our classes in such a way that students can enjoy learning English and make the most of it. Motivation is divided in:

Extrinsic motivation

Intrinsic motivation. Example! When people is learning a a second language they need to be exposed to it and pay special attention to its form. Exposure of Focus on the form Teachers require to know different methods, techniques, procedures and approaches in order to know how the process of learning a second language occurs in a person (adult or kid). They refer to the theories or ideas that experts have on how a person acquires a language. Approaches Each teacher has a different method to fulfill the goals of the approaches´standards. So, each method includes techniques and procedures a teacher uses to help student learn a second language successfully. Method They refer to the sequence of techniques and activities a teacher does during a class. Procedures An exercise, an activity, the way teachers correct mistakes, etc. during a class. Example: silent reading, finger correction, etc. Technique There are three kinds of errors called: The Role of Error Students can correct themselves once the mistake has been pointed to them:
Student: Yesterday I go...
Teacher: (makes a gesture of what?)
Student: Yesterday I went.... Slip Students can´t correct themselves and they need explanation.
Student: Yesterday I goed...
Teacher: I went...
Student: why?
Teacher: It is an irregular verb.
Student: Ok..Yesterday I went... Error Students try to say something they don´t know how to say it in the correct form.
Student: Teacher, fugation to the cafe! Attempt: There are different ways of learning... Learners characteristics and needs Identifying mistakes helps a teacher to realize if the students are learning during the class, if the method she/he is using is enough for them to acquire the language successfully. In conclusion: People who need to see images or text on the blackboard to process the information the teacher is giving. Visual These students learn best by doing or manipulating things, they need to move. Kinesthetic and Tactile These students learn best when they repeat directions or follow discussions. Auditory Teachers must know about the different kinds of learning that a student can have because sometimes we use methods that are only devoted to one style of learning, as a result of these only one group of students find easy to understand everything. Therefore, it is better to find a balance so everyone can learn English easily. In conclusion. PPP TBL Presentation techniques and introductory Activities The teacher presents the language in a context and the practices are controlled. PPP= Presentation Practice Production Teacher gives students a task to do, she/he presents new language when students need it, so the presentation stage comes after the activity. This is not recommended for beginner classes. TBL=Task based Learning These techniques are necessary to know how the teacher is going to present new language during class. Conclusion The 12 domains helped us to see how the process of learning a second language is taking place in our students.
12 domains This occurs when students are able to help other students to learn the language. For example when they correct common mistakes such as:
S1: "Car blue"
S2: It´s "blue car" Native Language Effect This occurs when the student is able to communicate in his/her second language. Communicative competence Students work during class because they want to achieve the goals proposed during the course. So it is very important that teachers define since the beginning the objective and the products each student should complete to learn the language. Anticipation of rewards It refers to the cultural values and way of thinking that language involves when a person is learning it. Example: In Mexico the word "stupid" is very strong but in USA it is not, so you have to be careful how you use this word according to the place where you are. Language Culture connection. It refers to the confidence and comfort a student can have during class. That is, it is very important that students feel free to speak the language as much as they can do it, no matter if they are speaking correctly or not as long they feel confident and can communicate. Language Ego It refers when students mix their mother tongue with the new language they are acquiring. Therefore it is better for students to work in groups so they correct each other common mistakes. Interlanguage It occurs when students are able to produce language automatically without writing it or thinking too much. Automaticity "Don´t scarify speaking for bad pronunciation", "working in groups is the best way for students to have self-confidence", "don´t correct them in a bad way so they don´t lose confidence"...TKT Instructor Lourdes Rodríguez Self Confidence It starts with planning to give the most in an hour, therefore we should plan for a successful class. Strategic investment It refers when students take the risk to say words they don´t use a lot or they don´t know how to say them This force them to learn new vocabulary or new language in general. Risk-Taking Intrinsic motivation It refers to the way teachers motivate students during class. The needs, wants and desires within a learner are the most potent learning rewards to enhance performance. Thank You! By Vianney Trevizo Zamarrón During this course we learned that there are different kinds of motivation and different styles of learning such as auditory or visual, in addition to these we talked about the mistakes a student can have during his process of learning and how to correct them in case it is necessary to do it. Likewise we studied the way they students can be exposed to language and 12 domains which were really helpful in order to study how is the student learning language process and what we should do to help them the most. All in all this presentation makes a summary of all the topics we talked about and what I learned about them. Introduction
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