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Transcript of Micah
Micah: contemporary of Hosea, Isaiah, and Amos
(cf. Micah 4:1-3 & Isaiah 2:1-4)
"Therefore I will make Samaria a heap of rubble, a place for planting vineyards. I will pour her stones into the valley and lay bare her foundations. All her idols will be broken to pieces; all her temple gifts will be burned with fire; I will destroy all her images."
Calling out and judgment:
Heads & Rulers - 3:1-4
Prophets - 3:3-8
Heads & Rulers - 3:9-12
"I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, the blessing and the curse."
Image by Tom Mooring
"The word of the LORD that came to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah--the vision he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem."
1) You Israel/Judah have broken the covenant; repent!
2) No repentance? Then judgment!
3) Yet hope beyond judgment for a glorious restoration.
"According to Luther, '...the prophets have a queer way of talking, like people who instead of proceeding in an orderly manner, ramble off from one thing to the next so that you cannot make head or tail of them or see what they are getting at.' No prophet illustrates this statement better than Micah. It is easy to get lost in the mix of his judgment and salvation speeches. The structure is hard to fathom."
Tremper Longman & Raymond Dillard
"Like Jeremiah, Micah is an anthology--a collection of oracles and visions that are loosely connected structurally but that combine to present a clear prophetic warning and future promise."
"...Micah spoke from the point of view of a small-town guy who daily saw local rich people exploiting ordinary folk. The rich retaliated by hiring 'prophets' to speak in God's name against Micah. ...Wealthy landowners were using extortion and sharp lawyers to manipulate small farmers out of their land. They claimed to believe in God, but they acted like the worst of idol worshipers. They didn't heed Micah when the Assyrians crushed the northern kingdom of Israel, and they didn't heed him when Assyria returned, twenty years later, and came within a hair of conquering their own country."
"Her leaders pronounce judgment for a bribe, Her priests instruct for a price and her prophets divine for money. Yet they lean on the LORD saying, 'Is not the LORD in our midst? Calamity will not come upon us.'"
idolatry, social injustice, religious ritualism
"Because of this I will weep and wail; I will go about barefoot and naked. I will howl like a jackal and moan like an owl. For her wound is incurable; it has come to Judah. It has reached the very gate of my people, even to Jerusalem itself."
"Tell it not in Tellington!
Wail not in Wailing!
Dust Manor will eat dirt,
Dressy Town flee naked.
Safefold will not save,
Wallchester's walls are down,
A bitter dose drinks Bitterton.
(Towards Jerusalem, City of Peace,
The Lord sends war.)
Harness the war-steeds,
O men of Barstead!
(Zion's beginning of sinning,
Equal to Israel's crimes.)
To Welfare a last farewell!
For Trapping trapped Israel's kings."
"plan" & "planning" & "devise" & "devising"
2:1 & 2:3
1 Kings 21
"Should it be said, O house of Jacob: 'Is the Spirit of the LORD angry? Does he do such things?' "Do not my words do good to him whose ways are upright?"
"If a liar and deceiver comes and says, 'I will prophesy for you plenty of wine and beer,' he would be just the prophet for this people!"
Future Hope: Micah 2:12-13
Micah 4:1-3 & Isaiah 2:1-4
Centerpiece of Hope
"'But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.' Therefore Israel will be abandoned until the time when she who is in labor gives birth and the rest of his brothers return to join the Israelites. He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God. And they will live securely, for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth. And he will be their peace."
"Others said, 'He is the Christ.' Still others asked, 'How can the Christ come from Galilee? Does not the Scripture say that the Christ will come from David's family and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?'"
"After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, 'Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.' When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. When he had called together all the people's chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born. 'In Bethlehem in Judea,' they replied, 'for this is what the prophet has written: 'But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.'"
Upper room: "Peace I leave with you" (John 14:27)
Post-resurrection: "Peace be with you!" (Luke 24:36; John 20:19, 21, 26)
Paul's peace between God and man through Christ: (Romans 5:8-11; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21; Ephesians 2:14-17; Colossians 1:20-22)
'Hear now what the LORD is saying, 'Arise, plead your case before the mountains, And let the hills hear your voice. 'Listen, you mountains, to the indictment of the LORD, and you enduring foundations of the earth, because the LORD has a case against His people; even with Israel He will dispute."
"With what shall I come to the LORD and bow myself before the God on high? Shall I come to Him with burnt offerings, with yearling calves? Does the LORD take delight in thousands of rams, in ten thousand rivers of oil? Shall I present my firstborn for my rebellious acts, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?"
"Do not rejoice over me, O my enemy. Though I fall I will rise; though I dwell in darkness, the LORD is a light for me. I will bear the indignation of the LORD Because I have sinned against Him, until He pleads my case and executes justice for me. He will bring me out to the light, and I will see His righteousness. Then my enemy will see, and shame will cover her who said to me, "Where is the LORD your God?" My eyes will look on her; at that time she will be trampled down like mire of the streets."