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Transcript of PBIS
Common procedures at PBIS schools:
A. Statement of purpose
B. School expectations
C. Teaching expectations
D. Promotion of expectations
E. Discourage and diminish behavior problems
F. Monitoring impact of PBIS through data collection.
COFFEY, J. H. (2012). The Sustainability of Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports. Exceptional Children, 78(4), 407-422.
Data shows that schools implementing PBIS have:
Increase in attendance
More positive and calm environment
Reduced behavioral disruptions Increased academic time
School wide behavior plan
Reduction in office discipline refferals
Not everything is perfect with PBIS
Some people thinks PBIS takes too much time
When and if data is entered by staff, many times it is not used to see how it can be improved
Some think that we should not reward students to behave
Some schools may lack incentives all together or incentives that are appealing to the students
Potential Strengths and Weaknesses
A. Increase academic behaviors. Decrease problem behaviors. Increase safety. Establish a positive school culture.
B. Be respectful. Be responsible. Be safe.
C. Back to school presentation.
D. PBIS tickets (VL Stars) are given to students following expectations and are used as positive reinforcement. These students enter their VL stars in a raffle. At the end of each week, a star is chosen out of each grade level.
E. Students having behavior problems are monitored by using the Check-In-Check-Out method. Students are given a point sheet depending on the level of intensity of support the students need. The different levels are:
Pop In Pop Out (less intense)
Check In Check Out (moderate intensity
SAIG (Social/Academic Instructional Groups)
FBA/BIP (Functional Behavior Assessment/ Behavior Intervention Plan)
F. These points are converted into a percentage and each day they are recorded onto a data sheet. This data sheet is then turned into administrative staff who generate a graph that shows students' behavior over a month. The goal for students is to achieve 80% or higher each day.
Examples of Procedures in an Elementary School
How do students become a part of Tier 2 and Tier 3?
The amount of majors which include:office discipline referrals (ODRs), poor attendance, frequent tardies, poor grades, and in school suspension are all factors used to assess whether a student shall be placed in Tier 2 or Tier 3 (high intensity) Intervention.
Notes: If a student gets 2 majors in 3 months; 1 ISS (in school suspension); a teacher recommendation; a social worker referral; more than 4 absences within 30 days, then they may be placed into Pop In Pop Out Intervention.
1. PIPO- Pop in/Pop Out
-This is usually the first intervention a student can be placed on and is the least intensive of all interventions. If the student does not reach the goal then they are placed into CICO.
2. CICO-Check in/Check out
3. SAIG- Social/Academic Instructional Groups
-Either a psychologist or social worker holds group meetings with students and teaches them social strategies.
4. Cnc- Check and Connect
-This is a group intervention with individualized features and mentoring.
5. FBA/BIP- Functional Behavior Assessment/ Behavior Intervention Planning
Examples of PBIS tickets in other schools
Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports
Background of the Authors
Where Did it Come From?
The origin of PBIS is Eugene, Oregon. In 1994 Rob Horner, George Sugai, and Anne Todd, professors at the University of Oregon, focused on research to guide effective practices for behavior management.
The original focus was Fern Ridge Middle school in Eugene that had a student population of 880 with 5,100 office referrals in one year.
This began the National Center of PBIS which uses this research based system.
It has grown and now includes four countries, over forty states, and at least 10,00 schools.
a School Matrix
What is PBIS?
A broad range of proactive, systemic, and individualized strategies for achieving important social and learning outcomes in safe and effective environments while preventing problem behavior with all students.
Four Elements of PBIS:
An important feature of PBIS is the practice of engaging families as partners in schools.
Communication to school, family and community is important it can be through:
The philosophy of the PBIS concentrates on the positive, demonstrating and reinforcing the desired behaviors. The intent of PBIS is to use education, pre-correction, affirmation and incentives to create a positive school climate.
Note: As a result, less academic time is spent on correcting and disciplining negative behaviors.
PBIS Biggest Idea
Instead of working harder (inefficient), Schools establish systems / processes and use data and practices that enable them to work smarter (efficient, effective).
Note: The strategies and interventions that are implemented are based on information from collected data, and should decrease the numer of negative behavior incidents through prevention.
Data: information used to identify status, need for change, and effects of interventions.
Practices: curricula, instruction, interventions, and strategies that are evidence-based.
Outcomes:academic and behavior targets that are endorsed and emphasized by students, families and educators.
Systems: supports that are needed to enable the implementation of these practices.
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