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Jazz Music during the 1920s

Lorenzo Libutti
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Lorenzo Libutti

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Jazz Music during the 1920s

Born 1951,
Norristown,
Pennsylvania


orenzo

ibutti
David Fong
Lorenzo Greenbaum
J
azz music influenced many aspects of society. Its popularity had positive and negative consequences within American society in the 1920s. It exacerbated the racial tensions but contributed to the betterment of women's status and the elevation of the Black American society.
The popularity of Jazz music unfortunately also had negative effects on society.
As this African American art form gained popularity, there was a serious white reactionary movement against its success. Some white musicians denied that jazz was African American by origin. The Ku Klux Klan grew to record highs in the 1920s, and several other white supremacist groups were formed.

Louis Armstrong 1901-1971
L
ouis Armstrong or "Satchmo" rose to fame in the 1920s. His mentor had been Joe "King". In 1919 Oliver and Louis went to Chicago where Oliver utilized Louis harmonic talent. Oliver improvised a line and let Louis complete the melody. This awed jazz enthusiasts, and word of Louis' talent spread throughout the city. Louis was able to directly influence the sound of the dance hall jazz. Louis Armstrong had a very long and successful career, he influenced the direction of jazz music and improvisation. Louis Armstrong was the first "super star" of jazz music.
J
oe "King" Oliver (1885-1948)
King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band was the most popular band of the early 1920s. This band was originally from New Orleans. King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band best captured the feel of New Orleans jazz music.This famous band consisted of some of the greatest jazz musicians of the 1920s including Louis Armstrong. They were recorded in 1923, and were famous as a New Orleans jazz band.
Although Oliver died in relative obscurity, he was a true giant of the Jazz Age.
S
axophones come in a variety of sizes and types. Considered to be newer than other musical instruments in terms of its music history, the saxophone was invented by Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax in 1846. It has since become a necessity in every band due to its tonal beauty and versatility.
J
azz bass is the use of the double bass, or in some genres bass guitar, to improvise accompaniment ("comping") and solos in a jazz or jazz
fusion style. The double bass began being used in jazz in the 1890s. The resonant woody sound of the double bass anchored everything from small jazz combos to large jazz groups.
T
he trombone descended from the trumpet but it is shaped and sized quite differently.
The sound is produced when the player’s vibrating lips (embouchure) cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate.
Despite the public's waning interest in classical, then jazz music, the trombone has remained a relevant instrument.
W
hat are
the different
instruments used
in Jazz?
Edward “Kid” Ory:
Ory was the first great jazz trombonist, and was in high demand in the 1920s. His New Orleans band ( formed in 1912) fostered many young and rising jazz musicians.
Edward "Kid" Idory
Who were the most famous Jazz musicians of the 1920s?
- Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States.

-Jazz came from black work songs, field shouts, and hymns. From its early development until the present, jazz has incorporated music from 19th and 20th century American popular music. Even if Jazz includes European musical traditions it is predominatly African.

-Jazz is considered special because of its spontaneous, emotional, and improvisational style.
What is Jazz and what
was the Jazz Age like?
-
T
he Double Bass-
T
he Trombone
Issues of the 1920s and Jazz
Racial Tensions
Jazz and Women’s Liberation Movement
1-Np. "Jazz: Origins of Jazz." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas. Pearson.ed, 2000-2012. Web. 19 Jan. 2012.
<http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0859011.html>.
The Saxophone
J
azz Music during the 1920s

The piano, is among one of the most popular instruments in the world. It is widely used in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, and accompaniment.
The Piano
T
he Drums.
The drum set is an essential part of any jazz rhythm section; it includes the bass drum, snare drum and cymbals, among others.
The Women's Liberation Movement was furthered by jazz music, as it provided a means of rebellion against set standards of society. During the 1920s, jazz music provided motivation and opportunity to reach beyond the traditional sex role designated to them by society. Women wanted to be seen as individuals outside of their familial roles. The dance halls and the jazz clubs were places where women could escape from the roles that a rigid society demanded of them.
The status of African Americans was elevated, due to the popularity of this distinctly African American music. Jazz music was able to gain respect as an African American art form.
For the first time in American history, what was previously considered "bottom culture" rose to the top and became a highly desired commodity in society. Later on, Jazz would also pave the way for the Equal Rights Movement in the 1960s.
Bottom culture rises
List of Sources;

2-"Jazz Culture: The 1920s." University of Minnesota. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. <http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/tbacig/studproj/is3099/jazzcult/20sjazz/>.
3-"Louis Armstrong - Hello Dolly Live - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 11 Jan. 2012.
<http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmfeKUNDDYs>.
4-"Jazz Musical Instruments - "Music Education. Web. 19 Jan. 2012.
<http://musiced.about.com/od/musicinstruments/ig/Jazz-Musical-Instruments/drums.htm>.
The Dixieland Jass Band were a New Orleans, Dixieland jazz band that made the first jazz recordings. Their "Livery Stable Blues" became the first jazz single ever issued.The group composed and made the first recordings of many jazz standards, the most famous being Tiger Rag.
Original Dixieland "Jazz Band"

5-Scaruffi, Pietro. "A History of Jazz Music." Music Education. 211. Web. 15 Jan. 2012.
<http://www.scaruffi.com/history/jazz1.html>.
The Sound of the Roaring 20s
Jazz provided and generated sentiments of rebellion and gave courage to many. At first it may seem that it was only entertainment, however it quickly became more than the simplicity of music itself. It was a part of history, and reflected the culture and politics of the 1920s.
Jazz and Cinema
Improvisation: This element is a creative process that enables the jazz musician to be spontaneous by making up music while it is being performed.
Classical vs Jazz: Whereas classical music generally emphasizes the first beat of each measure, jazz music emphasizes the second beat of each measure.
Tiger Rag
Tony Sbarbaro
Edwin Edwards
Henry Ragas
Dominick James
Larry Shields
The Great Gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald is a representation of the Jazz Age as it captures the feeling and exitement of the period. Gatsby's regularly organised parties, the dancing the drinking, and the uninhibited fun are all elements of Jazz in the 1920s
.
WHAT IS JAZZ?
What was the Jazz Age Like?
Jazz was an innovative art form, and the Jazz Age itself was full of excitement and fun. It was marked by parties, dancing, drinking and other socially deviant behaviours. However, Jazz was more than just parties, it relfected the social and political issues of the time.
Jazz and the "Great Gatsby"
6- Marc, Sabatella. "Elements of Jazz." Imprivisation.. shore music, 2011. Web. . <http://www.outsideshore.com/school/music/almanac/html/Elements_Of_Jazz/Improvisation/Structure.htm>.
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