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The Lost Colony of Roanoke

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Cameron Colquitt

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of The Lost Colony of Roanoke

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By Cameron Colquitt The Lost Colony of Roanoke Main Idea The lost colony of Roanoke was meant to be the first permanent English colony. They believed that England was going to rule the new world and expand their already collosal empire. After several failed attempts, in 1587, a group of colonists led by Governor John White arrived in North Carolina. They established the colony of Roanoke. Soon after arriving, John White sailed back to England to get enough supplies to keep the colony going for decades. However, he was delayed by a war with the Spanish Armada. He was finally about to return to North Carolina safely 3 years later. He saw a massive bonfire glowing when he first approached the coast. When he got there, there was no trace of any bodies, dead or alive. Also, the houses were disassembled, but the fence around the houses was still standing. The only trace of the colonist were the word "Croatoan" carved in a tree and food buried deep in the ground. This sparked perhaps the greatest mystery in early American history. Although many theories stand, no one really knows what happened to the colonists of the lost colony of Roanoke. Important Information Important Information John White arrived back on Roanoke Island on what would have been his granddaughter, Virginia Dare's 3rd birthday. His granddaughter, Virginia Dare, was the first American born in the new world. Theory #2 The next most popular theory is that the colonists decided to settle with the natives. This theory is likely because John White told them if they were going to settle somewhere else, carve it on a tree. Croatoan was carved on a tree and is also a nearby island where natives lived. This theory is not as popular as theory #1 because there is no evidence to support it, but there is also no evidence against it. Theory #3 The next theory is that the colonists were tired of
waiting and sailed back to England, but were lost at sea. They may have gotten lost or caught in a storm. That may have explained their disappearance. This would also explain why the buildings were not burned or destroyed, but neatly deconstructed. It would also explain why a boat was missing. However this theory is unlikely because there would be no explanation for why the word Croatoan was carved into a tree. Also no one knows why the food was found burried underground. Finally, one or two boats could not have held 117 colonists and enouph supplies to get them back to England. This theory could go along with another theory because some may have sailed back while most stayed back in the colony of Roanoke. Theory #4 This theory is very improbable. Theory 4 is that a huge storm or hurricane ripped through the village. This would explain the disappearances of the colonist as well as the disappearances of the houses. The argument against this theory is that the fence surrounding the houses was still standing. Also it wouldn't explain why the word Croatoan was carved on a tree. In addition, the natives would have also been affected by the storm, but they did not report a storm. Background Information Possible Theories Theory #1 The first and most likely theory is that the colonists were killed by the Native Americans. The colony before this one had conflicts with the Native Americans after killing the Native American chief. In the previous colony, the Native Americans wiped out the entire colony and told the colonists to stay away. Also Natives that killed the first colony were the Croataons, which was the word carved on the tree after the colony of Roanoke disappeared. John White told the colony of Roanoke that if they were in grave danger to carve a clue on a tree and carve a cross on it. Although there was no cross there, the cross could have weathered away. Later, the leader of the tribe admitted to killing the colony. Theory # 5 Theory 5 is also very unlikely, that they were killed by diseases. This theory is argued against because there would have been many corpse left behind. Many years later they found only one dead body and he appeared to be killed by the natives. Theory #2 The next most popular theory is that the colonists decided to settle with the natives. This theory is likely because John White told them if they were going to settle somewhere else, carve it on a tree. Crotoan was carved on a tree and is also a nearby island where natives lived. This theory is not as popular as theory #1 because there is no evidence to support it, but there is also no evidence against it. Theory #6 This theory is incredibly unlikely. It is that the lost colony of Roanoke was zombified. ZRS researcher Andre Freeman as well as other scholars suggest that the disappearances may have been due to zombies. These scientists have unearthed signs of mass cannibalism. Also they have found evidence of natives dying within a war within their own ranks, and one side being different, but little is known about this. References http://zombieresearchsociety.com/archives/2190 Timeline Map My Opinion: I think that the lost colony of Roanoke is important to English and American history. The fate of these missing colonists remains a mystery to this day. I personally believe that most signs point to them being killed by the Native Americans. I also think this topic is very interesting and it will intrigue people of many generations. http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/roanoke2.htm Horn, J. (2010). A Kingdom Strange: The Brief and Tragic History of the Lost Colony of Roanoke. New York, NY: Basic Books. http://timetoast.com/timelines/roanoke-the-lost-colony April 1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh gets Queen Elizibeth's official permission to start a colony in the new world. July 1584 - Captain Amadas and Arthur Barlowe explored the Outer Banks and Roanoke Islands. September 1, 1584 - John White and the colonists land at Roanoke Island. January 1585 - The colonists burned a native villiage because they stole a silver cup. June 1586 - Natives attacked the villagers at Roanoke. The colonists that survived the attack left so fast to
return to England that they left 3 colonists behind. August 1587 - John White returned to Roanoke with 150 other people to try to start the colony of Roanoke a
second time. Shortly after arriving, John White sails back to England to get more supplies. August 1588 - John White is delayed in returning to Roanoke because the Spanish Armada attacks England. August 1590 - John White returns to the colony of Roanoke. He is unable to find any
body (dead or alive). He only finds "C R O" carved on one tree and "Croatoan" on another tree. John White sails back to England for good. January 1607 - The first English settlement, Jamestown is settled. January 1620 - The pilgrams landed at Plymouth Rock. http://www.the shadowlands.net/roanoke.htm John White searched harder than anyone for the colonists. His wife, daughter, granddaughter, other relatives, and neighbors were among the missing. He tried to sail to the nearby Croatoan Island, but a storm blocked his way. He was forced to return to England. John White blamed himself for the disappearance of the colonists. Because of this John White began to go crazy. He was later reported to be sane again, but never forgave himself for whatever happened. He hoped they joined the natives and lived peaceful lives. John White's exploration and settlement of the Colony of Roanoke was funded by Sir Walter Raleigh. It was Sir Walter Raleigh who got approval from Queen Elizabeth I. Raleigh shared many of White's views about the new world and how it could help England. Raleigh was eager to colonize the new world, as was White. They worked together to attemt to make the colony of Roanoke successful. After White sailed to England for supplies, Raleigh returned with White to Roanoke. Together they searched for the missing colonists.
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