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Copy of The Stages of Labor and Delivery
Transcript of Copy of The Stages of Labor and Delivery
The process of labor and delivery can be split up into four main stages.
The first stage of labor and delivery usually occurs after 37
weeks of pregnancy. It is the process of the cervix dilating
(opening up) to allow the baby to be delivered.
The first stage of labor and delivery is
started with contractions that cause the
cervix to thin out and open up and end
when the cervix is fully dilated and the
baby moves into the birth canal.
Women often experience, pain, anxiousness, and extreme fatigue. After the cervix is dilated to 10 cm, the second stage is about to begin and some may feel the urge to push.
During the first stage of labor and delivery, a woman's "water breaks" which is the releasing of fluids that have been kept in the uterus while the baby was growing.
During active labor, the contractions occur about every 2-3 minutes and last about 50-70 seconds.
The second stage of labor is when the baby is born. It is often referred to as the "pushing stage"
There is a lot of pressure in the pelvic area, vagina, and back.
Some women will push for 2 to 3 hours before the baby is born, but for some the pushing stage only lasts for a few minutes. Women who have given birth in the past have a shorter pushing time.
Most women take pain medications to cope with the pain during delivery.
The bones in a baby's head fuse together and form a cone shaped head to allow the baby to pass through the cervix easier.
The third stage of labor and delivery is when the placenta detaches from the uterus and passes out of the body.
Many women are too engaged in the joy of seeing their newborn baby that they hardly notice the delivery of the placenta, as it requires little or no pushing. The delivery of the placenta usually takes place thirty minutes after the birth of the baby and lasts about five or ten minutes.
The placenta is attached to the umbilical cord and the baby. It feeds, nourishes, and gets rid of waste for the fetus while it is in the uterus.
4th Stage=Recovery Stage
*last approximately 1 hour
*focused assessment includes: fundus, lochia, breasts, bonding with infant.