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Copy of Page 1: Kwun Tong Land Use Pattern and Potential Site

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Roy Chan

on 20 December 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Page 1: Kwun Tong Land Use Pattern and Potential Site

Maternal and child
health care centres

Elderly health centres

United Christian Hospital
operated by the Hospital Authority Second highest population:

Highest population density:
55,204 persons/km2

Area: 1130 hectares

One of the earliest developed
urban and industrial areas Kwun Tong Basic Information A district located at the eastern
part of the Kowloon Peninsula

North to Lion Rock
South to Lei Yue Mun
East to Kowloon Peak
West to north coast of the Kai
Tak Airport runway Location and Boundary Historical development
of land use pattern General outline of
land use patterns Liadro Centre Predominant land use: Flatted factories Limited space for pure commercial use

> mainly in Kwun Tong
and Kowloon Bay Kwun Tong Harbour Plaza Wharf T&t Plaza One Kowloon Example:

The site of Amoy Plaza is for residential use
> to meet the basic need of residents of Amoy

> larger plot ratio
and site coverage
can be enjoyed Government/
Institute/Community Open space originally Kwun Tong industrial area

mainly in Kowloon Bay and Kwun Tong south

rezoned due to the declining importance of industry

many factories are left empty, torn down or replaced by residential and
commercial buildings Other specified use Potential Site One Kowloon Kwun Tong Harbour Plaza Amoy Plaza
in Amoy Garden Land ownership:
multiple Building condition

Good transport network
i) Kwun Tong MTR station
ii) Bus Terminal In early 1960s,
Kwun Tong was.... Major commercial facilities: shopping complexes, banks, retail shops

Exist as mixed-use areas: commercial + residential Telford Plaza
in Telford Garden
above Kowloon Bay
MTR station First new town Kwun Tong was established to settle those people (the Satellite City). Aimed to establish a low-density and self-sufficient community. (e.g. Tsui Ping Estate was designed as a low-density residential area) Wharf T&t Square Residential Commercial Other Specified Use Wo Lok Estate Hip Wo Street Tsui Ping Estate, 1960 In 1950s,
was... British government started to develop Koon Tong and changed the name into Kwun Tong. Initial Outline of Kwun Tong Coastline of Kwun Tong in 1980s In 1980s, the coastline was only up to the present Yuet Wah Street,
that's mean
the whole
Kwun Tong
Center came
reclamation. Government/Institute/Community Other Specified Use Government/Institute/
Community Residential Public Rental Housing/ Tenants Purchase Scheme Estates : 32 Home Ownership Scheme/ Private Sector Participation Scheme: 20 Wo Lok Estate
at Kwun Tong Ko Chun Court at Yau Tong 4 major private housing estates: Telford Garden, Amoy Garden, Laguna City, Sceneway Garden Sceneway Garden
at Lam Tin 40 Primary Schools
36 Secondary Schools
75 Kindergartens
Institute of Vocational Education (IVE)
Kwun Tong Vocational Training Centre provide necessary service and community facilities Libraries Police station
and fire stations Recreation and Sports Facilities
>Swimming Pool
>Sports Centre

Community centres Educational
institutions Hospitals and clinics Recreational facilities Kowloon Bay Sports Centre support the work of the Government and organisations Development of Kwun Tong Town Center in 1960s Yuet Wah Street outdoor open-air space for active and/or passive recreation use

to allow better ventilation Kwun Tong Promenade Kowloon Bay Park In 1970s,
Kwun Tong was.... The building height was still not
very high as compared
with nowadays. However,
it is not difficult to recognize
that the style and design of
residential buildings have
changed during 1970s so as
to meet the sudden increase
in population. The average
number of storeys was
about 10-20 in 1970s. Park and Garden Playground/Playing Field Promenade
Pedestrian Circulation
Sitting Out Area
Pedestrian Area
Sports Ground provide 3.3 million sq. ft office space Places in Kwun Tong District Industrial area of Kwun Tong in 1970s Aerial view of the earlier Kwung Tong Each building only had 7 storeys and they were built loosely The above figure shows the design and style of buildings in 1970s It was developed into an important
industrial area.Many businessmen chose to build factories at Kwun Tong
Town Center as they were attracted
by the low- cost labour provided
by the people who lived in
settlement area. More residential buildings were
built on hills Business 0.73% 34.54% 13.58% 12.36% 20.76% Quarrying
& Mining Office Tower Office Tower Shopping
Complex an example to illustrate how Kwun Tong will be developed for business use Millennium City developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties Kwun Tong was not well developed and there were a lot of hills. Aerial view of Jordan Valley Estate Amenity Area subject to a quarrying and rehabilitation contract up to late 2013
being rehabilitated by recontouring and extensive planting ex-quarry site
as a potential site for housing development Other Specified uses Government/Institute/
Coummunity Residential As the population increased,
increasing the range of
community facilities was
necessary at that time.
More and More community
facilities were therefore
built. Kwun Tong Swimming
Pool which next to Tsui Ping
Estate was one of the facilities
built in 1970s. Refuse Tranfer Station Today,
Kwung Tong is MTR depot

Terminus and interchange Lorry park With an increasing urban population and the shortage of suitable flat
land, high residential
densities is chosen today
not only in Kwun Tong
District but the whole
Hong Kong. The present outline of Kwun Tong District Public transport The above figure shows the construction of swimming pool in 1960s Changes Koon Tong There had already been
a lot factories located in
Kwun Tong in 1950s. However, not much land
were used for residential. Since Hong Kong has became one of the world's leading international financial centers over the past decade, the importance of industry has faded out. Kwun Tong, the leading industrial area in Hong Kong before, has changed a lot since the first development done by British government. Most of the industrial buildings in Kwun Tong have been changed into commercial buildings or demolished. Crocodile Center was the example of changing use from industrial to commercial in 2006. Crocodile Center was the Crocodile Garment Factory located at Kwun Tong Center. Location factors Commercial Higher density Planning Department, http://www.pland.gov.hk/
Town Planning Board, http://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/
Urban Renewal Authority Kwun Tong Town Centre Project, http://www.ura.org.hk/en/projects/redevelopment/kwun-tong-town-centre-project.aspx
Kwun Tong in Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwun_Tong_District
Lei Yue Mun in Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Yue_Mun
Development Bureau, http://www.devb.gov.hk/default.htm
Google Maps, https://maps.google.com/
Outline Zoning Plan Explanatory Notes,
Town Planning Board Definition of Terms, http://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/en/forms/dot_revised_broad.html
Civil Engineering and Development Department Information note of Quarries in Hong Kong, http://www.cedd.gov.hk/eng/publications/information_notes/doc/IN_2011_01E.pdf
Fun in Kwun Tong, http://www.kwuntong.org.hk/
Housing Authority Estate Locator, http://www.housingauthority.gov.hk/en/global-elements/estate-locator/index.html
Cha Kwo Ling Salt Water Pumping Station, http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr04-05/chinese/panels/plw/papers/plwcb1-885-1c.pdf
2011 Population Census Results, http://www.census2011.gov.hk/en/district-profiles/kwun-tong.html
Millennium City, http://www.millenniumcity.hk/mmc/ (commercial and residential development above) (Closed) Sewage treatment plant Petrol filling station Cross harbour tunnel toll plaza Village type development 0.82% Ma Wan Village Sam Ka Tsuen fishing villages in Lei Yue Mun
tourist attraction famous for seafood restaurants Comprehensive development area residential, commercial, community facilities Kwun Tong Wholesale Fish Market Others Green belt for conservation of existing natural environment
densely vegetated not for urban type development Overview of Jordan Valley in Ngau Tau Kok Coastal protection area to conserve and protect the natural coastlines and environment southern-west tip of Lei Yue Mun coastline of scenic value Cha Kwo Ling Salt Water Pumping Station Shipbuilding Company Percentage of Each Land Use Much more residential buildings were built.
e.g. Tsui Ping Estate and
Jordan Valley Estate Major roads : Hip Wo Street and Kwun Tong Road in Kwun Tong Center were developed. A lot of mainland people came to Hong Kong causing the population increased greatly. Future development largest single project undertaken by the Urban Renewal Authority Kwun Tong Town Centre Redevelopment Project Area: 570,000 square feet
Affected property interests: 1,653
Affected population: 5,000 Area: 525,000 square feet Area: 45000 square feet Main Site Development Scheme Yuet Wah Development Scheme Involving Yue Man Square, Yan Oi Court Bus Terminus Develop as:
High-density commercial
and residential uses
Community facilities
Open space for air ventilation
Recreational facilities Involving Kwun Tong (Yuet Wah Street) Bus Terminus Develop as:
Medium-density residential
Community facilities Reference Images
Photo of Sam Ka Tsuen, http://www.flickr.com/photos/james-album/7982696247/
Photo of Kowloon Bay MTR Depot, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MTR_KOWLOON_BAY_DEPOT.JPG
Photo of Lei Yue Mun Lighthouse, http://hklourson.wordpress.com/2012/10/28/the-lighthouse-lei-yue-mun/
Photo of Kwun Tong Promenade, http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-hant/File:Kwun_Tong_Promenade_Phase_1_North_End.jpg
Photo of Kowloon Bay Park, http://www.panoramio.com/photo/14458916
Photo of Kwun Tong Vocational Training Centre, http://www.ktvtc.org.hk/images/history/index.htm
Photo of Kwun Tong Police Station, SKK Job References,http://202-177-2-181.kdd.net.hk/swf_jobcon.html
Photo of United Christian Hospital, Wikipedia, http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-hk/File:United_Christian_Hospital.jpg
Photo of Kowloon Bay Sports Centre, http://www.kwuntong.org.hk/images/e12/eg_photo_a.htm
Location of libraries, http://hkpl.gov.hk/english/locat_hour/locat_hour_ll/locat_hour_ll_kr/locat_hour_ll_kr_kt.html
Outline Zoning Plan of Kwun Tong District, http://www.ozp.tpb.gov.hk/default.aspx No.72-80 Hoi Yuen Road Land Use: other specified use Map showing the site chosen( red circle ) Outline zoning plan showing the land use of the site(the green arrow) Population in 2019: 666,900
No reclamation plan Other Specified uses for Business ensure high pedestrian traffic flow the second Central Business District after Central
a mix of information technology and telecommunications industries, non-polluting industrial, office and other commercial uses leads to increase in traffic demand
more high-rising buildings Detailed plan of KTTC Redevelopment Plan Proposed Design of Green Terrace Garden Proposed design of Yue Man Square Plaza Overview of KTTC Revelopment Plan Reclamation started using the soil obtained from removing the mountains there. The coastline was much far away from Yuet Wah Street. Commercial Other Specified Use Government/Institute/
Community Commercial Other Specified Use Government/Institute/
Community Residential Green Belt Village Type Development Comprehensive Develoopment Area Residential Commercial Pie chart showing the percentage of land use in Kwun Tong Kwun Tong Road
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