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Socialization 2

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Phillip S

on 20 September 2017

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Transcript of Socialization 2

The Family
Most significant agent of socialization
Many different family structures
Most people receive their "sense of self" and values from the family
View dominant culture at work in families (attitudes, norms, etc.)
Also view any subcultures a family may belong to
The School
Amount of time in school has increased, thus school is even more significant in socialization
Additionally, the number of one parent families and where both parents work has increased
High quality pre-schooling has been highly correlated with academic achievement
Theoretical Perspectives on The School as an agent of Socialization
Functionalist Perspective
-Schools serve to socialize students to be productive members of society, and successfully places individuals in different roles in a society

Conflict Perspective
-social class, ethnic background, etc. highly influences student experiences in school. Schools are actually serving to socialize children for their role in the workforce, not for their own well-being
Agents of Socialization
The persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society
What is something unique you learned from your family? Do you have similar interests as your family? Similar accents? Do you agree or disagree with your family on matters of values, politics, etc.?
Do you think school socializes students well? Why or why not? What factors affect student success in school?
Peer Groups
We typically select peer groups of people that are similar to ourselves
Peer groups socialize individuals by contributing to a sense of belonging and feelings of self-worth
Compared to other socializing agents (family, school) peer groups are free from most authority figures
Peer pressure for material items reinforce social classes (conflict perspective)
Mass Media
Media (print, television, internet, social networks, etc.) is a very powerful and controversial agent of socialization
The media informs about events, show a wide variety of people, provide many viewpoints, advertise products, etc.
Media consumption has increased steadily
Ideally, what would the media show? Do most people seek out media outlets that disagree with their viewpoints?
Socialization Through the Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization
-the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles
We learn new sets of rules for new experiences (attending college, becoming married, etc.)

These are often symbolized in "rites of passage"
(graduations, for example)
Rites of Passage Examples
Quinceanera-celebration of a woman's fifteenth birthday

Bar Mitzvah-Jewish boys 13th birthday

Bat Mitzvah-Jewish girls 12th birthday
The process of learning a new and different set of attitudes, values, and behaviors from those in one's background and previous experience
This experience can be voluntary or involuntary

Voluntary-medical/psychological treatment, new careers, religious conversions, etc.

Involuntary-Prison, Boot camp, etc.

Total Institutions-a place where people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and come under the control of the officials who run the institutions
Full transcript