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Socialization 2

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Phillip S

on 20 August 2018

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Transcript of Socialization 2

The Family
Most significant agent of socialization
Many different family structures
Most people receive their "sense of self" and values from the family
View dominant culture at work in families (attitudes, norms, etc.)
Also view any subcultures a family may belong to
The School
Amount of time in school has increased, thus school is even more significant in socialization
Additionally, the number of one parent families and where both parents work has increased
High quality pre-schooling has been highly correlated with academic achievement
Agents of Socialization
The persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society
Do you think school socializes students well? Why or why not? What factors affect student success in school?
Peer Groups
We typically select peer groups of people that are similar to ourselves
Peer groups socialize individuals by contributing to a sense of belonging and feelings of self-worth
Compared to other socializing agents (family, school) peer groups are free from most authority figures
Mass Media
Media (print, television, internet, social networks, etc.) is a very powerful and controversial agent of socialization
The media informs about events, show a wide variety of people, provide many viewpoints, advertise products, etc.
Media consumption has increased steadily
Ideally, what would the media show? Do most people seek out media outlets that disagree with their viewpoints?
Socialization Through the Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization
-the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles
We learn new sets of rules for new experiences (attending college, becoming married, etc.)

These are often symbolized in "rites of passage"
(graduations, for example)
Rites of Passage Examples
Quinceanera-celebration of a woman's fifteenth birthday

Bar Mitzvah-Jewish boys 13th birthday

Bat Mitzvah-Jewish girls 12th birthday
Full transcript