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Photography Basics

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Jackie Edmundson

on 2 February 2017

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Transcript of Photography Basics

Photography Basics
Camera History
Photography: the art of capturing light
Getting Pics PC Ready
scan existing prints and burn a CD
request a CD instead of prints
use a digital camera
Image Composition
Your Assignment
You will choose a partner
You will be assigned a topic
You will create a poster using pics from magazines!
More details on Schoology!

Everything MUST be school-appropriate!
Design Principles
Design Elements are the building blocks of graphics
1839
camera obscura: first camera, Had a big piece of glass that reflected a picture on a wall or canvas
photojournalism: started around U.S. Civil War. Designed to document the reality of the battlefields. pioneered by Mathew B. Brady.
1888
First camera for the public released
"Kodak"
1907: color photography
1935: Color Photography
finally becomes popular
Can take as many pics as you want.
Can see right away!
Delete bad pics
upload and share!
costs less because you don’t buy film
lots of people use at work
insurance agents, doctors, scientists, fire fighters, police
Framing: When framing the picture, try to fill the frame with relevant and interesting elements
Emphasis: Include a focal point of the photograph, a subject that is emphasized.
Angle of view: Take pictures from the subject’s eye level to capture it realistically, or change the
angle to alter the point of view
Balance: Create a sense of weight for the elements within the frame; some objects will have a
large sense of weight and some will have a small sense of weight.
Rule of thirds: Offset your picture to help focus the viewer’s eyes on the subject.
"Macros" aka Close-ups: Take close-up pictures to capture details and highlight specific objects.
Tone and sharpness: Use light and shadow to focus attention on or draw attention away from your subject. Have your subject in focus and blur the extraneous elements to draw viewers to the subject.
Arrangement: Remove objects not essential to the composition, or eliminate them by changing the camera’s perspective.
Line
Color
Shape
Texture

can be straight or curved
Hue is another word for color.
Chroma is the intensity or purity of color.
Tint is a color mixed with white.
Tone is a color mixed with gray.
Shade is a color mixed with black
Analogous colors are adjacent to each other on the color wheel.

Complementary colors are opposite each other on the color wheel.

enclosed objects that can be created by line or created by color and value changes that define their edges.

surface look of an object created by varying dark and light areas.
Roughness
Smoothness
Depth

Design principles are ways in which elements are used together.
Movement
Balance
Emphasis
Unity
the use of lines, color, and repetition to indicate or create the illusion of motion.
Curved forms or lines
Repetition of geometric forms
Fuzzy lines or outlines

3 Types:
Symmetry
Asymmetry
Radial symmetry

the act of comparing or estimating two things, one against the other, and the contrast between:
Empty space (white space) and filled space
Text and images
Color and no colors and different colors
Textures against flat colors
using similar elements and/or elements that work together to produce a harmonious effect.

To express with particular stress or force;
principle of making the most important element stand out

Obj. 2.2 Demonstrate knowledge of design principles, elements, and image composition
High dynamic range (HDR) imaging: Use exposure bracketing and take several pictures at different
exposure settings. These images can be combined later to achieve the artistic HDR effect.
Portrait vs Landscape
Full transcript