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Transcript of 1886
David Ben-Gurion was born in Plonsk, Poland in 1886 and educated in a Hebrew school established by his father, a Zionist. By his mid-teens, Ben-Gurion led a Zionist youth group, "Ezra," whose members spoke only Hebrew among themselves.
Moving to Israel
Arriving in the Palestine in 1906, he became involved in the creation of the first Kibbutz, and helped establish the Jewish self-defense group, “Hashomer”.
The Ottomans deported Ben-Gurion when World War I began and he went to America.In America he met and married Paula Monbesz.
Going back to Israel
In November 1917, the British issued the Balfour Declaration promising Jews a national home in Palestine. Ben-Gurion returned to the Middle East and helped overthrow the Ottomans.
Establishing a Jewish state
After World War Two, Ben-Gurion wanted to end the British mandate in Palestine and in May 1948, the state of Israel was established. Ben-Gurion became Israel's first prime minister and led the country in the 1948 War of Independence.
He established a strong Israeli Defense force and retired in 1953. He returned to government in 1955 and led the government until 1963 when he retired.
Ben-Gurion died in Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel, on December 1, 1973, at the age of 87.