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The Principles of Design

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by

Kathy Graves

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of The Principles of Design

The Principles of Design
Movement
Emphasis
Variety
Using elements to direct a viewer's eye along a path through artwork or show movement, action or direction.
When one element in an artwork appears
to be more important or attracts the most attention.
Using different elements or
materials in a work of art,
Rhythm can occur from repetition of a series of elements, this repetition creates the feeling of movement within a composition.
In Demuth's "The Figure 5 in Gold"
what elements or images have been
repeated to create movement?
When elements are repeated, they create patterns,
3 types are:

Regular
-repeating the same shape or element with little or no variation -
0000000000000
Alternating
-repeating 2 or more elements on an alternating basis -
0x0x0x0x0x0x0x0
Random
- repeating elements with no specific order or placement -
0xxx0x000x0x00xx0
Artists use the Principles of Design as a guide to arrange the Elements of Art (line, shape, value, color, space, form, texture) in a composition.
"The Scream" by Edvard Munch, involves a rhythym of undulating shapes and twisting lines that move the viewer's eye from the upper left to the lower right where the screaming figure stands.
What type of pattern did Warhol create in "Coca Cola Green Bottles?"
The 8 Principles of Design are:
Movement
Emphasis
Variety
Unity
Proportion
Balance
Repetition
Contrast
Emphasis creates a focal point or area we tend to look at first. There are many ways to create emphasis in an artwork: placement on the page, size, details, or contrast.
Unity
Proportion
Balance
Elements that are evenly arranged to have equal
visual weight in a composition.
In Norman Lewis' "The Yellow Hat" what
area is emphasized? In which way was emphasis
created?
What area of this still life
by Cezanne is emphasized?
"Nighthawks" by Edward Hopper
has a definite area of emphasis, what
draws your eye to the right side?
To avoid monotony in artwork the artist uses a variety of elements such as colors, lines, shapes or textures.
How many different types of variety
do you see in "Tar Beach" a quilt by
Faith Ringgold?
Using common elements or a common motif in a work of art.
Arranging the elements of art so they work together as one unit, they complement each other.
In this painting by Georgia O'Keefe the artist uses the same type of lines, shapes and a common color scheme to create unity.
In this Cubist painting by Picasso, how many different ways did he create variety?
What does Gustav Klimt use to unify his Painting "The Kiss"
The size relationships of parts to each other and the whole composition.
Proportion can be used to show emphasis, distance in space and balance.
Proportion is used comparing the size of the figure in the foreground to the house and barn indicating distance.
In this drawing by MC Escher the artist used accurate human proportions so the drawing looks very realistic in the hand and the reflection on the surface of the orb.
Balance is a perceived stability in a composition and is affected by the placement of art elements.
3 TYPES OF BALANCE

Symmetrical
- elements are the same on both sides
Asymmetrical
-elements are evenly arranged but there is no set order
Radial
-elements radiating out from a center point
Name the type of balance that Escher used in this drawing.
In Salvador Dali's "The Face of Mae West" what type of balance is used?
In the "Wearing of Furniture" by Dali, he used the most common type of balance you will see in artwork, what is it?
Now, lets look at these two works of art, can you name 3 Principles of Art that have been used in each?
Jacob Lawrence, "Parade"
Umberto Boccioni, "Unique Forms of Continuity in Space"
Repetition
Repeating elements to create interest, movement or harmony
Repetition creates patterns
Contrast
The difference in quality between 2 instances of ONE art element or using opposing qualities of an element next to each other.
Straight/curvy lines
Black/white
geometric/freeform
This drawing by MC Escher shows high
contrasting values.
VanGogh used contrasting colors that are opposite on the color wheel (complementary) to create contrast in this painting
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