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DIABETES

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by

Melanie Yap

on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of DIABETES

Controlling Diabetes
If diabetes are uncontrolled, they can cause many complications such as those stated in the previous slide.
Diabetes, or sometimes known as diabetes mellitus, is a disease that happens when the body can no longer process sugar properly. There are three types of diabetes:


Used to be known as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early-onset diabetes.
Occurs when a person's pancreas produces very little or no insulin at all because it is attacked by immune system and the beta cells are destroyed.
10% of all diabetes is type 1 diabetes.
Most of the time, type 1 diabetes targets children or teenagers, but anyone of any age can develop it.
Used to be known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes.
Happens when the body does not produces enough insulin or the cells in the body are resistant to insulin.
90-95% of all diabetes is type 2.
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk.
Old people have an even higher risk.
Occurs during pregnancy because the placenta releases more hormones as it grows so the pancreas can no longer meet the needed amount of insulin.
3-8% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.
10-20% of them need some kind of medication to control their blood glucose.
Gestational diabetes usually go off once the baby is born.
However, the mother has a 33% chance of getting type 2 diabetes later.
Gestational Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Frequent urination
Disproportionate thirst
Intense hunger
Weight gain or weight loss
Increased fatigue
Blurred vision
Cuts & bruises don’t heal properly
More skin and/or yeast infection
Dry and itchy skin
Gums are red or swollen
Frequent gum disease/infection
Sexual dysfunction among men
Numb feet or hands
Headache
Vomiting
Symptoms of type 1 & type 2
diabetes
Symptoms of gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes usually has no symptoms, which is why all pregnant women have to conduct a glucose-screening test between 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Symptoms
Factors that contribute to the development of diabetes
Here are a few factors that contribute towards
the development of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Genetics
Autoimmune diseases (thyroid disease and celiac disease)
Early exposure to cow milk.
Ethnicity
History of childhood viruses
Gender
Type 2 Diabetes
Age
Gender
Genetics
Ethnicity
Weight
Lack of Physical Activity
If you have impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG)
Or if you have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
Gestational Diabetes
Obesity (body mass index over 30)
Sugar in urine
Strong family history of diabetes
High blood pressure
Diagnosis of Diabetes
Here is how different types of diabetes
can be diagnosed.
Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
Urine test
Blood test
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
Fasting plasma glucose test (fasting beforehand)
Random plasma glucose test (no fasting)
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (A1C) test
Gestational Diabetes
Initial glucose challenge test
Follow up glucose tolerance test
Non-stress test
Biophysical profile
Fetal movement counting
Blood sugar testing after giving birth
Consequences of Uncontrolled
Diabetes
Here are some consequences that can happen if
diabetes is not controlled.
Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes
Heart and blood vessel disease
Nerve damage (neuropathy)
Kidney damage (nephropathy)
Eye damage
Foot damage
Skin and mouth conditions
Osteoporosis
Alzheimer’s disease
Hearing problems
Hyperglycemia (high or low blood sugar)
Ketoacidosis (increased blood acid)
Infections
Macrosomia (extra large baby)
Early birth and respiratory distress syndrome
Low blood sugar
Jaundice
Type 2 diabetes after pregnancy
Create a healthy meal plan
Choose Water-Dense foods
Avoid alcohol
Constantly do exercise
Monitor blood sugar
Taking medication
Controlling Diabetes


In some diabetes cases, the person must take medication (Sulfonylureas, Glyburide, Glimepiride, Metformin, Acarbose and Miglitol) and insulin to keep blood sugar levels stable.
Signs of diabetes:
Prevent type 1, type 2 & gestational diabetes by:
Prevention of Diabetes
Prevention is better than cure, so how do we prevent diabetes?
Exercising and doing more physical activity
Losing extra weight
Lowering blood sugar level
Getting fiber
Limiting intake of red meat
Watching sugar intake
Quitting smoking
Medication
T
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Done by:
Sonya Taaranee
Ilona Stepanenko
Melanie Yap
D
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Injecting insulin into the body:
http://www.y8.com/games/injection_experience
GAME TIME!
Summary
of
Diabetes
WUT WUT WUT WUT?
Aio :(
EH?!




Info:
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/endocrine/type1.html#
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestational_diabetes
http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/gestational/what-is-gestational-diabetes.html
http://www.babycenter.com/0_gestational-diabetes_2058.bc
http://www.dlife.com/diabetes/type-1/diabetes-causes
http://cerner.healthatoz.com/Atoz/dc/caz/diab/diag/fetus.asp
http://www.aarp.org/health/conditions-treatments/info-09-2012/how-to-prevent-diabetes.2.html
http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/diabetes-full-story/#Simple_steps
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091221094123AAUE7Ji
http://www.babycenter.com/0_gestational-diabetes_2058.bc
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gestational-diabetes/DS00316/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/type-1-diabetes/DS00329/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/type-2-diabetes/DS00585/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis
http://kids.jdrf.org/?page_id=109739

Info from a book:
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 8
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 20
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 20
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 21
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 22
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 23
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 24
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 15
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 25
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 27
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 28
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 30
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 31
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 32
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 45
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 50
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 53
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 57
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 58
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 66
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 67
Diabetes by Marlene Targ Bril- Page 69

Music
:
http://www.you.tube.com/watch?v=MAjXiyKPBu8 (remove the dot)

Game:
http://www.y8.com/games/injection_experience
Images:
http://www.sheblogs.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Butterfinger2_1oz-sm2.jpg
http://nodehillre.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341d415153ef010535bcb01e970c-800wi
http://grinandbakeit.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/reeses.jpg
http://www.candywarehouse.com/candy-type/bulk-wrapped-candy/bulk-candy-bags/products/nestle-mini-candy-bars-assortment-100-piece-bag/
http://mommyofamonster.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Hersheys-Milk-Chocolate-Bar-Image.jpg
http://images.wikia.com/uncyclopedia/images/4/4e/800px-Snickers_Mini.jpg
http://caloriecount.about.com/calories-snickers-candy-bars-i232668
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/3/3a/Cup-O-Gold-Wrapper-Small.jpg/300px-Cup-O-Gold-Wrapper-Small.jpg
http://img.21food.com/20110609/product/1305710889515.jpg
http://cdn1.bigcommerce.com/server1700/6d68e/products/3322/images/1880/aero-minty-bubbles-single__21711.1281000010.1280.1280.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/65/Mars-Bar-UK-Wrapper-Small.jpg
http://www.wallchan.com/wallpaper/15079/download/
http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=Justin+bieber+open+mouth&um=1&client=safari&rls=en&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=738&tbm=isch&tbnid=-12AdAZ1ePQEqM:&imgrefurl=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-11643187&docid=iiEzWtZVQ58tsM&imgurl=http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/49687000/jpg/_49687399_justinbieber,ap.jpg&w=304&h=228&ei=ePmSUaXwOsTtrQeWtIDICg&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:0,s:0,i:77&iact=rc&dur=750&page=1&tbnh=182&tbnw=243&start=0&ndsp=18&tx=178&ty=94
http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=chuck+norris&start=130&um=1&client=safari&sa=X&rls=en&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=738&tbm=isch&tbnid=t9hHTRP8-9QZvM:&imgrefurl=http://promajaneck.wordpress.com/2010/01/16/everyone-gets-a-statue/&docid=bjUSvuxXgw0S0M&imgurl=http://promajaneck.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/chuck-norris.jpg%253Fw%253D450&w=400&h=498&ei=RfuSUZyXEsXPrQeLk4HoDA&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:47,s:100,i:145&iact=rc&dur=646&page=6&tbnh=186&tbnw=153&ndsp=28&tx=87&ty=61
http://en.hdyo.org/you/questionshttp://www.flufacts.com/know/symptoms.jsp
http://www.mustknowinvesting.com/2011/03/24/advanced-private-money-training-the-diagnosis-technique/
http://www.onlineschools.org/inside-online-schools/study-explains-factors-affecting-online-students-school-choices/
http://dcclothesline.com/2013/05/10/who-pays-the-consequences/
http://www.123rf.com/photo_3536660_alien-inside-an-head-controlling-an-human-mind-control.html
http://automatedsecurityalert.com/difficulties-with-medication-management/
http://www.eharmony.com/blog/2012/05/03/how-i-would-prevent-a-guy-from-cheating/
http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=mr+bean+open+mouth&um=1&client=safari&rls=en&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=738&tbm=isch&tbnid=IqbPqG6meGn6wM:&imgrefurl=http://www.flickr.com/photos/aeimages/2878546201/&docid=6dHH7uCdbgyhrM&itg=1&imgurl=http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3251/2878546201_630fa2813e_z.jpg&w=346&h=640&ei=D_uSUZ_IGMSxrgeP0oHIBw&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:0,s:0,i:77&iact=rc&dur=548&page=1&tbnh=201&tbnw=119&start=0&ndsp=18&tx=37&ty=41
http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=bruce+lee+open+mouth&um=1&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=738&tbm=isch&tbnid=-ahZe5CAuLSJ5M:&imgrefurl=http://says.com/my/entertainment/first-psy-now-jackie-chan-why-malaysia&docid=eaYhS5YN1MMbIM&imgurl=http://daigo.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Bruce-Lee.jpg&w=755&h=463&ei=FvySUcfJOIj-rAfXu4GQAw&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:25,s:0,i:164&iact=rc&dur=1974&page=2&tbnh=157&tbnw=256&start=18&ndsp=24&tx=163&ty=53
http://www.wingsdailynews.com/2013/02/overly-attached-girlfriend/
https://twitter.com/chanelbreath/status/318459422810705920/photo/1
https://twitter.com/chanelbreath/status/314495577025019905/photo/1
https://twitter.com/chanelbreath/status/278627073386496000/photo/1
https://twitter.com/tbhstop/status/314714662878998528
https://twitter.com/whatDAEfuck/status/334860999171665921/photo/1

Flyer Images
http://www.kellechu.com/gallery
http://www.google.com.my/imgres?q=picture+of+a+single+cupcake&um=1&client=safari&rls=en&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=738&tbm=isch&tbnid=kW1t1b31pIjkxM:&imgrefurl=http://www.stormiedscupcakery.com/menu/mars-bar.shtml&docid=T5Ke66CRQgcy7M&imgurl=http://www.stormiedscupcakery.com/images/cupcakes/mars-bar.jpg&w=598&h=506&ei=QLmYUZfRHIHjrAfN6IDgAw&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:74,s:0,i:307&iact=rc&dur=1741&page=4&tbnh=175&tbnw=230&start=74&ndsp=25&tx=194&ty=48
http://www.foodbeam.com/2007/07/15/sunday-cest-herme-second-week-la-folie-des-macarons/
http://www.jeffersoncitymag.com/2012/06/st-marys-ice-cream-social-june-20-2012/
http://desktoplist.com/rainbow-backgrounds-wallpaper.html/rainbow-backgrounds-wallpaper
O-ohh..
Reference (cont.)
Reference
Full transcript