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Transcript of Timeline
by: Caroline Andrews
This is a timeline with various important events of the Great Depression
There are many reasons that the economy crashed. here are a few of them.
There were many effects of the Great Depression. These are just a few. The crime rate grew since people resorted to breaking into stores to steal the food. Many people also resorted to alcohol in order to drown away their sorrows.
October 24, 1929
On this day the stock market crashed. It is known as the Stock Market Crash of 1929. One of the other names of it is "Black Thursday". As the end of November came around the stock market had lost 30 billion dollars.
November 8, 1932
President Roosevelt was elected with 22,809,638 votes and 472 electoral votes against President Hoover with 15,758,901 votes and 59 electoral votes.
March 9, 1933
On this day Congress passed the Emergency Banking Law. As the end of the month came around most of the closed banks reopened.
The Civilian Conservation Corps, or CCC was created as the first New Deal program. Thousands of young adult men went to work on government projects.
Yet another New Deal program, the Tennessee Valley Authority helps bring the Southeast electricity and jobs, two upgrades.
In this month the Social Security Act was passed. This law provided seniors with a monthly check.
Yet another economic recession. This one left Americans wondering if this economic downfall would be the way of the future. Well, you're about to find out.
December 7, 1941
December 8, 1941
On this day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. It is located in Hawaii. This attacked killed hindreds of Americans, which caused isolationism in America to end.
Almost done. We almost are done with the Great Depression. Since most of the factories in Europe were either out of workers or destroyed, Europe asked us for military supplies which boosted our economy. Since that happened it was only a short time until the Great Depression was over.
The Stock Market Crash
The stock market crash was only a small cause of the great Depression. So many people had a lot of many invested in the stock market. Naturally when it fell many people lost money with it. and that prevented them from being able to pay off loans your about to learn about.
Many people were asking for loans from the banks. When the stock market did crash so many people had already taken out money that they couldn't pay off. The rich could afford to buy items without asking for a loan but the lower and middle classes had to take out loans.
During the 1920's companies gained quite a lot of profits that they used to help make the business bigger. By then they also had more employees, more salaries to pay, and higher salaries.
Supply and Demand
Many companies were ramping up production, which caused them to sell their products to almost all of the American people, and when companies were still producing products constantly the American people weren't consuming any of them, which meant the companies were spending but not making, which caused them to go out of business.
These are the most important elements of The Great Depression.
When the rich people in America decided to save all of their money and only buy what they have to, that prevented the money from going to the communities that they live in which meant that there was less money for people who own businesses to earn, which meant that they couldn't pay employees which put a lot of people out of work.
Rich People and Their Savings
Soup Kitchens and Bread Lines
Soup Kitchens and Bread Lines are places were food was given to the poor and homeless. They were originally started by churches and missionaries but after a while the government decided to start them too. Many people were struggling to put food on their table so they took their families and went to soup kitchens to get any kind of food, or in a breadline you were commonly served bread and soup. It hurt many men's prides to ask for charity, but it was either that or starve.
The New Deal was a variety of programs that helped the economy. The funny thing is, most of Roosvelt's programs were based off of Hoover's
The Dust Bowl was caused by decades of farmers plowing the soil, until it got to the point were there was nothing to hold down the soil. Also, years of droughts and wind turned the soil into dust. The wind picked up the dust and blew it everwhere. They were called "black blizzards, and 350 of them blew between 1933 and 1937.
These are the key players in the Great Depression.
Emergency Banking Act
When Roosevelt came to office he temporarily shut down all of the country's banks and then Congress passed the law that the federal government could inspect all the banks to see if they could supply the needs of customers. This helped Americans to have more faith in the banks, and they weren't afraid to lose all of thier savings. 2/3 were given the ok to reopen so they did. After the opened there were more deposits than withdrawals.
Civil Works Administration
The Civil Works Administration gave unemployed young men jobs working on government projects. This helped the ego and fitness of 4 million workers.
Civilian Conservation Corps
Tennessee Valley Authority
Works Progress Administration
Social Security Act
This program put 2.5 single men to work on projects like making forests, beaches, and parks look better. People were only paid $1 but they got free rooms and training. Soon, they did the same thing for women. The CCC tought men and women to live indepentently helping their self esteem.
The TVA helped the farmers in one of the most old fashioned areas in the U.S. This helped provide inexpensive electricity, control floods, and helped provide physical opportunities to the whole Tennessee River valley.
This program helped give jobs for 8 million people. This agency built or repaired schools, hospitals, and airplanes. The benefit of these programs was that it helped the unemployment rate go down.
This law gave a monthly check to people over age 65, benefits to those who lived through accidents at work, insurance for the unemployed, mother and children who were dependant on themselves, blind, and the disabled. It helped Americans feel better if something like that happened to them.
Houghton Mifflin Social Studies Book Civil War to Today
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Many people were homeless during the Great Depression, so Hoovervilles began popping up all over the country. Hoovervilles were named after President Hoover, because so many people were upset about his policies. They were made out of cardboard and tires.
Welcome to Kit's World
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression
The 1930's: From the great depression to the Wizard of Oz
Otherwise known as FDR Franklin D. Roosevelt led a very improtant life. He was born January 30, 1882. he went to Harvord for college, but wasn't very smart. He ended his college years at Colubia University. he went to law school for 2 years, but didn't finish his degree. He married his distant cousin Eleanor. FDR looked up to his cousin Teddy. FDR got polio in 1921. He went to therapy in Warm Springs, GA for four years. He was governor of New York in 1928.He was really weak afterward, so he always had a cane or wheelchair on hand. When he was elected president durng the Great Depression Congress passed 15 laws to help the economy. FDR gave fireside chats over the radio every night. When World War II started there wasn't enough food so Roosevelt put rationing into place. April 12, 1945 Roosevelt was signing papers at his house when all of a sudden he slumped over in his chair. Just a few hours later he died.
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born October 11, 1884. She was born in New York City, NY. Both of her parents died When she was under 18. She was given private tutoring lessons by Frederic Roser in New York. When she and her parents lived in Italy her father was an alcoholic. He was taken to a French rehab center. While he was gone Eleanor's mother went through depression, so she sent her to a convent school. She also went to Allenswood Girl's Academy. She married her distant cousin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, at age 20. She believed even more than Franklin in equality for everybody. She thought that the U.S government had a duty to ensure racial equality. During the New Deal she tried to provide easy help to the homeless and other people effected by the Great Depression. She died November 7, 1962.
Herbert Hoover was born August 10, 1874 in West Branch, Iowa. He was the first persident born in the west. Both of his parents died so his aunt and uncle acted as his parents. He helped so many people during World War I he was made the head of the Food Administration. When President Coolidge chose not to run for another term, Hoover was chosen to represent the Republican Party. He ran against the governor of New York, Alfred E. Smith and clobbered Smith in the election. When the Great Depression came around, Hoover decided the best way to help was to keep money in people's wallets and keep people working. He also asked business leaders to keep people working and to not lay off workers. None of these worked and Hoover watched businesses failed while he could do nothing.
This man opened the first soup ktchen in Chicago in order to gain popularity. He was a gangster who was known for his murders of other gang members.