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Domestic Violence

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Sarina B

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Domestic Violence


What is Domestic Violence?
Domestic Violence is a term that includes different types of abuse that can occur in intimate relationships. An intimate relationship describes two people who are married, living together, or dating - regardless of their sexual orientation and whether or not they have children together. Abuse can occur during the relationship, while the couple is breaking up or even after the relationship has ended.
What is Domestic Violence? Continued

Sometimes abuse happens unexpectedly in a relationship. For others, the controlling behaviour develops gradually over time. Often a victim will experience more than one form of abuse at the same time. Sometimes abuse becomes apparent for the first time when a woman becomes pregnant or after the arrival of a new baby. It can happen at any time. A victim of abuse is never responsible for causing a partner to behave abusively.
Types of Abuse

Physical, Emotional, Sexual, Economic/Financial, Spiritual
What is Physical Abuse?
Physical Abuse is the use of physical force against another person in a way that ends up injuring the person, or puts the
person at risk of being injured such as:
Pushing, throwing, kicking, slapping, grabbing, hitting, punching
Beating, tripping, battering, bruising, choking, shaking
Pinching, biting
Holding, restraining, confining
Breaking bones
Assaulting with a weapon such as a knife or gun
What is Emotional Abuse?
Emotional Abuse is a use of verbal or non-verbal remarks
to gestures that undermine the person's sense of self-worth, self-esteem, and confidence which includes the creation of fear through threats and intimidation.

Threatening or intimidating to get their way
Destruction of your personal property or possessions, or threats to do so
Violence to your home or your things or your pets, as way of making you afraid
Yelling or screaming
Name calling
Constant harassment
Embarrassing you or making fun of you
Criticizing you or what is important to you
Not trusting your decision-making
Telling you that you are worthless without them
Excessive Possessiveness and/or jealousy isolating you from friends or family
Excessive checking-up on you to make sure you are where you said you would be
Saying hurtful things while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, and using the substance as an excuse to say hurtful things
Blaming you for their feelings and actions
Doing or saying hurtful things to "teach you a lesson"
Making you feel that there's no way out of the relationship
What is Sexual Abuse?
Sexual Assault: Which means forcing you to participate in unwanted, unsafe, or degrading sexual activity
Sexual Harassment: Which means using words to make you feel badly about your sexuality or as a way of using sex to get what your want or need - like money, jobs, etc.
Sexual Exploitation: Means things like forcing your to look at pornography or forcing you to participate in pornographic film
What is Economic or Financial Abuse?
Withholding money or credit cards
Not letting you have access to any of your money
Checking receipts to see if you spent the money you said you spent
Stealing your money or belongings
Withholding your food, clothes, necessary medications, or shelter from you
Preventing you from working or choosing an occupation
What is Spiritual Abuse?
Using your religious or spiritual beliefs to manipulate you
Preventing you from practicing your religious or spiritual beliefs
Ridiculing your religious or spiritual beliefs
Forcing your children to be reared in a faith to which you have not agreed
Impact on Children
Children who are exposed to domestic violence may or may not be able to talk about their feelings or concerns. Children's behaviours are, however, good indicators of how well they're coping. Some behaviours to be aware of in a child who has witnessed abuse:
School problems such as refusing to go to school, a drop in grades, a conflict with teachers.
Complaints of their bodies such as aches, pains, and illness
Bedwetting, nightmares, and difficulty sleeping
Suicidal behaviour
At increased risk of being physically and sexually abused
At high risk of post traumatic stress disorder (outburst of anger and intrusive remembering of the events)
Impact on Infants
difficulty eating or sleeping
slow weight gain
over 40% (over 18 months) have problems getting along with peers or adults
Unresponsive towards care givers
Physiological distress (heart rate, galvanic skin response)
Impact on Pre-schoolers

act with infantile behaviour
show violent behaviour towards toys or peers
poor health
excessive screaming
Impact on School-Aged Girls

clingy, dependent, sad, secretive
Impact on School-Aged Boys
fighting with peers
defiance at school, particularly with female teachers
destructive behaviour
begin to report anger about abuse
Impact on Adolescent Girls
depressed and/or withdrawn
low self-esteem
if dating, tend to stay longer in abusive relationships
Impact on Adolescent Boys
aggressive behaviour
running away from home
more likely to become abusive and violent in their own relationship with females
begin to report sadness about abuse
Finding A Way Out
Be aware of the services in your community that you can find immediate safety example: police, shelter and family
Make and carry with you a list of numbers and addresses for an emergency
Discuss with your children where the safe exit places are
Have an extra set of keys for your house, apartment, and car
If the abuser has weapons in the house alert the police
Develop a code word that you can use with family, friends, neighbours, children that it is an emergency
Telling your coworkers, employer, and security supervisor at work
Carry your cell phone at all times
Get a restraining order and give a copy to key people and always keep one for yourself
Take a different route to and from wherever you are going
Use different shopping mall, grocery store, and bank
Park in different areas frequently
Teach children their full name and address and teach them to dial 911 if they are in trouble
Alert your child's school or daycare about the situation and what people have permission to pick up your children
See the safety bag checklist that you should try to have complete
1 in 4
Canadian Women have experienced violence at the hands of a current or past marital partner
children of abused women are likely to be abused aswell
3) It is
times more likely that a woman will be killed by her partner than a stranger
4) In Canada,
120,000 to 800,000
children are exposed to partner violence
5) Women are
times more likely to be victims of sexual offenses
1 in 6
pregnant women are abused during pregnancy
Other Facts About Domestic Violence
51% of Canadian women experienced at least 1 incident of physical or sexual violence since the age of 16, and almost half of these incidents resulted in the woman being injured.
Sexual assault and partner violence costs Canada $9 billion per year from the injustice system to health care.
More than 3000 women stay in shelters on a given night to escape abuse.
33-46% of women who were victimized also reported sexual assault.
Domestic Violence Against Men
Women aren't the only victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence against men can take many forms, including emotional, sexual and physical abuse and threats of abuse. It can happen in heterosexual or same sex relationships. It's not always easy to recognize domestic violence against men. Early in the relationship, their partner might seem attentive, generous and protective in ways that late turn out to be controlling and frightening. Initially, the abuse might appear as isolated incidents. Their partner might apologize and promise not to do it again. In other relationships, domestic violence against men might include both partners slapping or shoving each other when they get angry — and neither partner seeing himself or herself as being abused or controlled.
Chris Brown VS Rihanna
Many of you probably remember hearing about how Chris Brown abused Rihanna back in 2009 somewhere in the media. It’s a tragic story and many people believe that this incident proves the sad truth that those who grow up surrounded by domestic violence will sometimes replicate the same destructive pattern in life. Chris Brown was raised surrounded by it, and even though he claimed seeing the abuse ‘taught him how to treat a woman,’ it didn’t stop him from putting his hands on Rihanna. One night he responded to their argument by choking and threatening to kill Rihanna before she lost consciousness. Her injuries were described as horrific, she had a black eye, split lip, bloody nose, and bites marks. Chris Brown was arrested for battery and on suspicion of making criminal threats. He was released after posting a $50,000 bail.

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