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Types of Warm up activities used in ELT classes in SDU
Transcript of Types of Warm up activities used in ELT classes in SDU
The goal of my research to find out the types of warm up activities which will be relevant to our university’ ELT lesson and be interesting and meaningful for both (teachers and students).
The population for this study is defined as teacher who is teaching in SDU, in ELT classes. Also participants were 18-21 years old students of our university, studies at philology faculty at foreign languages department. The level of their knowledge of English, according to the year of study and educational system are upper intermediate and advanced. Why I take for study this group of people because most of them somehow familiar with warming and to them it will be easier to understand the questions and purpose of that work. Generally volunteers were 4 groups of students: 15,10,18,10 learners from each group, means that 13 students do not take participation because of their absentees or they don't want to be a volunteer in research.
What is warm up activity for English lesson?
What is the purpose of warming?
What is the usefulness of warming?
What types of activities do teachers use in our university ?
Do the students have their own favorite activities; do they apply them in their practice or assignments?
The principles of such activities, according to Velandia (2008)are:
warm-up activity should take place at the beginning of the class.
it will help the teachers catch the students’ attention
it has to be interesting so that students get motivated from the very beginning
it is usually a short activity as it is a preparatory stage of other stages of a lesson
has to be related with the lesson topic so that in other stages students can get involved in different activities easily to develop their language skill
Significance of the study
1. Allwright (1984) considers that warm up activities are designed to attract students' attention, to help them put aside distracting thoughts, and to get them ready to focus individually and as groups on whatever activities that follow.
2. A warm-up stage is a preparatory stage which helps the students feel relaxed and also sets a positive mood for learning Rushidi (2013).
3. According to Robertson &Acklam (2000) “warm up is a short activity for the beginning of lesson”.
4. As for Kay (1995), he claims that warm ups are different types of activities which help the students begin to think in English, review previously introduced materials and become interested in the lesson (as cited in Velandia, 2008).
5. As for Lassche (2005) defines that for language learning lesson a warm-up stage is the “initial orientation”.
So, a warm up activity is used to start a class with an interesting task to help the students are comfortable in classroom setting and to help them start thinking in English.
It is a significant topic because it offers the potential for contribution to meeting the needs of both learners and teachers in teaching English.
This research will be important: first of all for teachers who conduct the lessons in Language School of Suleyman Demirel University and secondly very important for Philology Faculty especially for Two Foreign Languages department because, they can use final product- types of warm ups which students find interesting and relevant, in daily lessons. The opinions of student will be very important and bring up big plus to teachers and again to their lessons.
Types of warm-up activities used in ELT classes in SDU
Significance of the study
Data collection and analysis
Conclusion and recommendations
Go at the beginning of the class
Be related to the topic
Help students begin to work
Prepare activity ahead
Principle for warming up activities
Population and sampling
The methods used for this paper include:
• Students’ questionnaire
• Teachers’ interview (make notes)
• Non participant observation.
Methods of Data Collection
The purpose of using observation tool: In order to make the observation without an affect that I’m as a foreigner in the classroom, I ask some of the brilliant students help me to observe the beginning of the lessons and take some notes. There were 11 lessons where observations were taken. The purpose of this method are: first of all to compare the answers for questionnaire with real lesson, are they initial or not, and secondly to find out the evidence whether teachers really use or not, because some students cannot be mentioned that warm up are presented at the lesson and even checking home work could be count as warm up. Understand the impact of warm up activity on learners, whether they are interested or not. Moreover write the types which are used at the lesson.
An observation was specifically for several parts:
Activities which is used at the beginning of ELT class:
An activity that implies movement 1
Informal conversation 2
Activity related to the topic 5
Explanation to the topic 7
Review of the previous topic 10
The objectives of using questionnaire survey are:
In the first question I asked about what of the definitions bellow mostly refer to what warm up activity at English language teaching class means – ask it to check to what extend students and teachers are familiar with and understand the whole picture of the research.
The second question was about the types of activities which teacher uses in their lessons. Activities which I choose are relevant to each skill, so it give them a broader decision, or give them opportunity to write his lesson warming.
The third and the fourth question are asked for statistical count, to know about whether they find it interesting, short or long.
The last question is one of the important because it is the main purpose of my research – types of warm-ups. I include the types which is relevant to each skill (Reading, Writhing, Speaking, Listening), also refers to most of the multiple intelligence so that they could find their favorite and useful.
a) Do you find the warm up interesting for you?
3 out of 2 teachers answer yes, one teacher said that it isn't needed. So I didn't continue to ask questions below
иb) How do you thing which of that warm-up example appropriate for our English language teaching classes?
Out of the list which is similar to students' examples they choose: Hot Seat, Fact or Fiction, Who am I?, Jigsaw reading, Debates and add Point of view, Cause and effect. Also one of them gave me examples from his experience of teaching in ELT classes:
c) Do you have your favorite warming?
I like when students are in a very good mood, because you have to be distracted by problems outside of the class so I just pin up them by jokes.
d) Where do you find ideas of how to start the lesson?
One teacher said that he carefully prepared for each of the lessons and systematize everything. The ideas appear after looking through the internet, experience happened with you or your friend, after reading story or a book or course books help at some point.
Another teacher also said that the experience of colleagues and other people's stories helped to bring up something new in a lesson. Yet both admitted that they follow the flue scheme, learned over the years of teaching, sometimes modifying parts of the lesson.
My research has shown that not all students are familiar with the concept of Warm up, as not all of them use that activity in their assignments. But there are those who fully understood this part of the lesson. By asking questions from students about activities which they like most and can be relevant to our ELT classes are aimed at group work, analytical thinking and urgent topics. As for teachers they tried to focus on different aspects as skills, multiple intelligence, activities relevant to the current lesson.
1. Although warm up activity has lot of benefits, many teachers neglect it to use. Instead of directly starting the class with the main activity, teacher can use warm up activity to make the class interesting. The students do not give attention in class when they find it boring. Warm up activity can bring variety in class and keep the students’ attention.
2. Teachers in observing classes review previous class lesson, chart with the students in informal tone, elicited information through questioning etc as warm up activity. There are different things like jokes, games, puzzles, songs, video clips which can be used as warm up activity. Though the observing classes were technologically rich, teacher did not use them. Teachers can use jokes, games, puzzles, songs or video clips to bring a change in classroom environment.
3. Students can get a chance to communicate and share their ideas with each other in warm up session on those classes where teachers provide them individual work and students do not have any option to interact with each other.
4. It is necessary to tell the students why they are doing certain tasks. A warm up session can be a good time to discuss the lesson objective so that students can get a valid reason to perform any activity.
The study result has presented that in a language classroom warm up activity can be used for many reasons. One of the reasons of using warm up is to establish a good relationship between students and teachers and to set a positive learning environment for the students to make them comfortable in classroom. Moreover, teachers can use warm up to get students’ attention at the beginning of the class. Also the use of warm up also can be a good exercise for the students to recall their background knowledge. As well as teachers can discuss the lesson objectives in the warm up session so that students can get a clear goal to give higher effort to learn. Using an easy activity at the beginning of ELT lesson to help the students to solve the activity easily and motivate them to participate in further activities. Types of warm ups may be specified by four part: use teacher as a warm up, use student (-es), use an environment, use an equipment.
of a warm up is: to encourage students, wake them up and prepare them to learn by stimulating their minds or their bodies. Warm ups should last about 5-10 minutes. Warm up activities are essential teaching techniques for good teacher and trainers.
In general, warm-up is fundamental step on which the whole lesson will be depended on.
Results of my research
Thank you for your attention