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Juvenile Gangs and Violent Victimization

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Sarah Daly

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Juvenile Gangs and Violent Victimization

Juvenile Gang Members and
Violent Victimization What is a gang? common symbol group name commit crimes signs of association typically self-reported
membership varying types of gangs Who are youth gang members? average age: 17-18 years old range: 12-24 years old mostly male typically minorities Why gangs? Pushes: necessitate gang lifestyle (e.g. protection, family) Pulls: allure of gang life
(e.g.)monetary gain, notoriety victims of circumstance? victims of social
construct/communities? Who are the victims? Inter- and
violence rarely non-gang
violence difficult to find stats
on innocent victims cost to taxpayers? failure to comply
with gang rules "jumping in
or out" retaliation from
other gangs gang rivalry
violence Risk factors for
gang membership environmental individual academic family situational peers unmet human needs leads to... Risk factors
for victimization high-risk situations
(e.g. drugs, weapons) unsupervised time increased risk of
serious violent victimization Prevention & Intervention need for evidence-
based research GREAT Boston Gun Project community-oriented
approaches Implications &
Recommendations multi-agency
collaboration inter-state agreement new perspective/views
of juvenile gang members parent education individual, family,
& community care low self-control applied crime theories Crime Theories &
Gang Member Victimization Proximity
Theory Routine Activities
Theory Lifestyles
Theory difficult population to locate and measure Sarah Daly
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