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Ancient History By: Cadie Largent

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Shawn Groves

on 29 May 2018

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Transcript of Ancient History By: Cadie Largent

What changed that allowed us to go from that way of life to living together in larger communities?
4500 B.C.
2010
3500 B.C.
2005
Cadie Largent - Ancient History
3100-2686 BC
Pre- history
Time Before Written Records
Artifacts
Fossils
Cave art
This is a arrowhead they used these to kill rabbits and elk.
These are Eskimo artifacts
Eskimo tools were used to catch fish.
This is a Burin, Burins were used for engraving, or carving wood or bone.
This is a pin comb neeedle.
Cave art was used to know what animals they would hunt
The brushes that they used were made from horsehair used to apply and outline.
Paint prehistoric people used was made from dirt or charcoal mixed with spit and animal fat.
This is the oldest cave art, it was found in France 32,000 years ago.
Way of life
Animals they hunted were Mammoths
Early humans ate food you couldn't find at a store like Fern. Early humans ate Fern.
Early humans also ate cattails.
Early humans did not only hunt mammoths they also hunted Saber-tooth tigers
Sheep and goats were first domesticated 11,000 years ago
Pigs were also domesticated about 8000 years ago
Llama's were domesticated 4000 B.C.
Dogs were domesticated about 13,000 B.C.
Saber tooth tigers is the most famous prehistoric mammal
Mammoths went extinct around 10,000 years ago.
The Saber-toothed tigers scientific name is Smilodon
The mammoths scientific name is Mammuthus
Mesopotamia
Land between two rivers
Mesopotamia first started in the Fertile Crescent.
Mesopotamias time period is 5000-3500 B.C.
The Sumerians invented the wheel.
The Sumerians invented the plow.
The Sumerians invented calendar
The Sumerians invented the first form of writing
Mesopotamians made bricks from mud.
After they made and shaped them, they would set them in the sun to bake.
After the baking they would start to build.
Where did Mesopotamia start?
How did Mesopotamians build?
What were some Mesopotamian inventions or technologies?
Mesopotamia had Assyria, Babylon, and Sumer
Mesopotamia is now called the Middle East.
Domestication was another thing allowed them to stay in one place.
The Mesopotamians would gather mud for the bricks.
Cuneiform was developed 3500-3000 B.C.
The plow was invented by the Sumerians 3500 B.C.
What were some major events that happened?
The ship was invented in 1300 B.C.
The wheel was invented in 3500 B.C.
Hammurabi had 282 laws.
Hammurabi was the king of Babylon.
Soil could be hard, it would be hard for them to grow thier crops.
What enabled Mesopotamians to stay in one place?
Farming was one thing that allowed them stay.
If they had moved thier crops would die.
Ancient Egypt
Can you describe the importance of the nile.
Nile river location on a map.
The Nile river flooded every year, it was a good thing because it left behind good soil.
The Nile river left behind silt.
Can you describe Egyptian Mythology?
Isis was the Magic Goddess.
Pharaoh fit into his hierarchy because they thought he was Horus.
They worshipped them to be deities.
They left offerings of food and other things when a person died because Egyptains thought the dead needed those things in the afterlife.
What can you tell me about Egyptian Pyramids?
Pyramids were used as burial places.
This is a diagram of a pyramid of what it looked like on the inside
ln the pyramids it would be filled with treasure and items for the Pharaoh to use in the afterlife.
Describe the importance of the leader of Egypt.
The leaders of Ancient Egypt were called Pharaohs
Egyptian pharaohs were kings of Ancient Egypt, and were considered gods by their culture.
Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last active pharaoh in Ptolemaic Egypt.
Egyptians had an elaborate set of burial tombs that they believed were needed to ensure their immortality after death.
How did we figure out the Egyptain Language?
Egyptian language was called Hieroglyphics, and it looked like this.
You mostly found thier writing on monuments.
We were able to translate it thanks to the Rosetta Stone.
What do you know about Mummies?
They believed you needed your body in the after life.
They stored internal organs in Canopic Jars.
Priests who mummified the dead are called Embalmers.
The most famous tomb we found was King Tut's.
They used the Nile for Fertile land.
Hieratic was thier evryday language.
The ancient Egyptians built the pyramids by moving big blocks of stone and wetting the sand and stacking the blocks.
Ancient Greece
Geography
Greece on a world map.
Map of Ancient Greece city-states.
High mountains kept ancient Greece communities isolated from one another.
The main crops they grew were barley, grapes, and olives.
Government
Oligarchy was the form of government developed in Athens.
The citizens were expected to vote, serve in office if elected, serve on juries, and serve in military during war.
Women had no role in government, they ran the household, caring for their children, and preparing food for the family.
Sparta
Sparta had four different types of government, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Republic, and Diarchy.
Spartan children were placed in a military style education program at age 7.
They made children steal in order to make them tough.
War
The soldiers unifroms were, a linen shirt with metal armour, a bronze plate that covered his chest and stomach, and he wore greaces which are shin gaurds.
Main wars were between Athens and Sparta were called the Peloponnesian War.
Thucydides was an Athenian historian and general.
The Trojan War was against the city of Troy because Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus,who was the king of Sparta.
Mythology
The gods and goddesses names are Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hermes, Hestia.
Achilles was a Greek hero, he is famous for his part in the Trojan war.
Pegasus is a mythological creature described as a beautiful, pure white stalliion with wings. He was born from the blood of Medusa, a frightful Gorgon whose gaze could turn men to stone, when the hero Perseus decapitated her.
Contributians of the Greeks
Math in ancient Greece was invented by Euclid.
Philosophy was used to make sense out of the world in a non religious way.
Hippocrates invented the medicine in ancient Greece.
The Greeks invented the water mill.
Myths and legends were used to explain the world.
Political units were called city-states.
Leonidas was a Spartan king, and legend because of his last stand against Persian invaders.
800 B.C.- 500 B.C.
Ancient Rome
Geography
Rome on a world map.
Map of Roman Empire.
The Tiber River was important to ancient Rome because it was helpful.
Romulus and Remus were the founders of Rome, and when they founded it they had a argument of who would rule the city, Romulus then killed his brother Remus and named the city after himself.
Government
The Roman Republic
The wealthy romans were called the Patricians.
The poor romans were called Plebeians.
Punic Wars
The Punic Wars were between Carthage and Rome.
Timeline of different wars.
Hannibal was one of the most remembered generals because he was the most skilled and successful enemy that Rome ever faced.
Julius Caesar
Picture of Julius Caesar.
Julius Caesar was a Roman politician and military general.
Crossing the Rubicon means to pass a point of no return.
Julius Caesar died from assassination.
Five good Emperors
Nerva was one of the five good emperors. He was a Roman emperor from Sept. 18, 96, to January 98
Contributions of the Romans
Trajan was also a good emperor. His campaigns expanded the Roman Empire.
This is Hadrian, he was a good emperor and he was a powerful ruler committed to strengthening the Empire.
This is Atoninus Pius, also a good emperor, he was respected by many people.
Middle Ages
The Romans established a form of government which was a republic. The government of the United States is based on Romes model.
Latin literature began in 240 B.C., when a Roman audience saw a Latin version of a Greek play.
The size of Rome is what caused it to decline.
Architecture in Rome
The government involved both groups by having them seperated.
They made sure they didn't have to fight them again because they have already fought three times, and Rome was already becoming a great Empire.
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