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Sri Lanka: Colonialism and Imperialism

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Jaimy Karacaoglu

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Sri Lanka: Colonialism and Imperialism

Sri Lanka: Colonialism and Imperialism
During Imperialism
Portuguese Era
Portuguese:Lourenço de Almeida arrived in 1505 and found the island.
He founded a fort at the port city of Colombo in 1517.
intermittent warfare continued through the 16th century
Buddhists disliked the portuguese occupation
Independence of Sri Lanka
Remained under british rule from 1815 to 1948.
Sri Lanka gained their independence through The Sri Lanka independence movement on February 4th, 1948.
Finally on May 22nd, 1972, the dominion of Ceylon became The Republic of Sri Lanka.
The independence movement was led mostly by the educated middle class, because they were dedicated to freeing their country from the british rule.
Post-imperialism/colonialization of Sri Lanka
Today Sri Lanka's population is about 20 million,The Sinhalese make up 74.9% and Sri Lanka tamils making up 11.2% and leaving The moors and indian tamils making up 9.2% and 4.2%.
Buddhist, hindu, muslim, and roman catholic are the most commonly used religions in Sri Lanka.
The economy is divided into quarters such as skilled workers, medince and law, and fishing and trading.
The most recent president of sri lanka is Mahinda Rajapaksa.
Before Imperialism
Sri Lanka's official languages are Sinhala and Tamil
population of 22.3 million
69.3% are Buddhists
utilitarianism and liberal political culture
Democratic socialist republic (unitary)
capital is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Trade organizations are SAFTA (south asian free trade area) and WTO (World Trade Organization)
Dutch Era
Rajasinghe II, the king of Kandy, made a treaty with the Dutch in 1638 to get rid of the Portuguese who ruled most of the coastal area of the island
By 1660 the Dutch controlled the whole island except the kingdom of Kandy
in 1656, Colombo fell
In 1659 the British sea captain Robert Knox landed by chance on Sri Lanka and was captured by the king of Kandy. A written account of their stay helped bring attention of the island to the British
British Era

In 1803 the British invaded the Kingdom of Kandy in the first Kandyan War with no success
The British found that the uplands of Sri Lanka were very suitable for coffee, tea and rubber cultivation. By the mid-19th century, Ceylon tea had become a staple of the British market bringing great wealth to a small number of white tea planters
British also introduced democratic elements to Sri Lanka for the first time in its history
British changed the countries name to Ceylon
The British monarch was the head of state, in practice his or her functions were exercised in the colony by the colonial Governor, who acted on instructions from the British government in London.
The British wanted coffee, tea and rubber cultivation. they got them by making the Sinhalese people work for them as slaves.
The laying of the railway was carried out during the Governorship of Sir Henry Ward. The opening of coffee and tea plantations, road development schemes, establishment of hospitals and maternity homes throughout the island, were just some of the major works undertaken by the British who ruled Sri Lanka.
The "good" of British imperialism
Negative impact on sri lanka
During thie time of imperialism, uprisings began during 1818 Uva rebellion and 1848 Matale rebellion
Large numbers of Tamil workers became indentured labourors.
The Government
presidential representative democratic republic was the type of government they began after independence.
Economy with strong growth rates.
Nation did not have a national plan or policy on the economy when it came to natural disasters.
Had a problem resolving social and economic issues.
Whole country Lives in absolute poverty.
Kept the goal of equilty during development.
Free preventive and curative health care, serving the entire population.
President of Sri Lanka
Full transcript