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Learning Theories from Adult Education

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Rachel Stone

on 23 September 2016

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Transcript of Learning Theories from Adult Education

Learning Theories from Adult Education
People have an intrinsic drive towards
growth and self-direction
Learning is a process initiated by the learner
Maslow (1970) – hierarchy of motivation
Role of the teacher
To act as a facilitator
Create a secure environment
Foster a relationship that supports the learner’s self-development
(Rogers 1983)
Experience, and reflection on experience, play a central role in the process of learning
Kolb’s cycle of learning (Kolb 1984):
concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation
See also Dewey (1933)

Reflective and
Experiential Learning

Learning is a means of personal or social transformation
Learning takes place through critical reflection

See also Critical pedagogy (Freire 1972)
The teacher is no longer the voice of authority
The curriculum is created by and with the learners
Learner awareness of inequality and power structures is raised, leading to liberatory action

Transformative learning (Mezirow 1990, 1991)

Experiential or reflective
Which learning theory here best describes your views on how people learn? Why?
Where on your course are there examples of
tasks or activities that reflect
experiential learning theories?

To what extent do you see yourself as a
in terms of your assumptions about how people learn best?
More than one, or none of the above?
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