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Kraft and Furlong, Chapter 3

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Ryan Burge

on 17 May 2016

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Transcript of Kraft and Furlong, Chapter 3

Elite Theory
- the values and preferences of governing elites, which differ from the public at large, affect public policy development
Assumption:
The values and preferences of the general public are less influential in shaping public policy than those of a smaller, unrepresentative group of people, or elites
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/under-the-influence/
What drives elite power?
Low salience issues
Group Theory
- public policy is the product of a continuous struggle among organized interest groups
Criticisms:
Tends to exaggerate the role and influence of organized interest groups in policymaking
Underestimates the leadership of public officials and their influence on the process
Institutional Theory
- the formal and legal aspects of government structure have the largest impact on public policy
Institution
- both the organizations and the rules used to structure patterns of interaction within and across organizations
There is no such thing as a neutral rule
Rational Choice Theory
- individuals act as utility maximizers
Cost - Benefit = Utility
Politicians Want Reelection
Advertise Themselves
Claim Credit
Position Taking
Limitations:
Bounded rationality
Emotions
Political Systems Theory
- emphasizes the larger social, economic, and cultural context in which political decisions and policy choices are made
1. Problem Identification -
Is this a problem?
Can the government help?
2. Policy Formulation -
What are some solutions?
Which has the highest likelihood of success?
3. Policy Adoption
Should Congress pass a bill?
Can the President take action?
4. Policy Implementation
What agency is in charge?
How will this policy affect different
constituencies?
5. Policy Evaluation
Is the policy working?
How can it work more effectively?
BP Oil Spill
Full transcript