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Kraft and Furlong, Chapter 3
Transcript of Kraft and Furlong, Chapter 3
- the values and preferences of governing elites, which differ from the public at large, affect public policy development
The values and preferences of the general public are less influential in shaping public policy than those of a smaller, unrepresentative group of people, or elites
What drives elite power?
Low salience issues
- public policy is the product of a continuous struggle among organized interest groups
Tends to exaggerate the role and influence of organized interest groups in policymaking
Underestimates the leadership of public officials and their influence on the process
- the formal and legal aspects of government structure have the largest impact on public policy
- both the organizations and the rules used to structure patterns of interaction within and across organizations
There is no such thing as a neutral rule
Rational Choice Theory
- individuals act as utility maximizers
Cost - Benefit = Utility
Politicians Want Reelection
Political Systems Theory
- emphasizes the larger social, economic, and cultural context in which political decisions and policy choices are made
1. Problem Identification -
Is this a problem?
Can the government help?
2. Policy Formulation -
What are some solutions?
Which has the highest likelihood of success?
3. Policy Adoption
Should Congress pass a bill?
Can the President take action?
4. Policy Implementation
What agency is in charge?
How will this policy affect different
5. Policy Evaluation
Is the policy working?
How can it work more effectively?
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