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Transcript of Rosa Parks
In 2004 she was diagnosed with progressive dementia, then in 2005 she died at the age of 92 in her small apartment in the east side of the city. her and her husband never had kids. She even outlived her only sibling. After her death all the city buses put black ribbons on the front of the buses till her funeral.
February 4, 1913
DATE OF DEATH-
October 24, 2005 She lived for 92 years
PLACE OF BIRTH-
Tuskegee, Alabama, United States
Tuskegee is a city in Macon county, Alabama, united states. Tuskegee has been an important site in African-American history and is highly influential in United States history since the 19th century.
Population by Races
Black or African American
Two or More Races
Hispanic or Latino
Rosa parks was an African-American Civil Rights
activist, whom the United States Congress called "the
first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom
movement". Her birthday, February 4, and the day she
was arrested, December 1, have both become Rosa Parks
Day, in both California and Ohio.
She had No children and no brother
Rosa parks had no children and one brother
When Rosa refused to give up her seat, it wasn’t the first time she’d faced driver James Blake. 12 years before, she had left his bus rather than paying through the front door and entering again through the back door, another rule of bus segregation.
The bus was a special symbol of inequality for Rosa.
When she was a child, she had watched white children riding a bus to their school while she and her classmates had to walk to school.
Rosa wasn’t the first African American to refuse to give up her seat during the Jim Crow era. High school student Claudette Colvin was arrested nine months before Rosa’s stand.
Rosa was an African-American. James Mccauley (father) worked as a carpenter and Leona Mccauley (mother) was a teacher. In her young years she would be sick most of the time, for the result she was a small child. Rosa went to a only black school because of segregation laws . Eventually her parents divorced. After her parents divorced Rosa moved to Montgomery, and spent the rest of her child hood in her grandparents farm. Rosa did not attend a public school until she was eleven, before she was homed school by her mother.
Throughout Rosa park's life, she had won many awards and medals. The NAACP awarded Rosa with the Spingarn Medal in
. This was their highest honor. One year later she had been given the Martin Luther King Jr Award. In September of
, Rosa Parks had the honor of winning the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience award. It was rightfully awarded to Rosa for her years of community service and lifelong commitment to social change through non-violent means and civil rights. In the year of
, Rosa was presented, by President Bill Clinton, with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. This is the highest honor that can be given to a civilian by the United States Government. The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center presented Rosa Parks with the International Freedom Conductor Award in
, Rosa Parks was presented with the Congressional Gold Medal. Later that same year, she was awarded with the Detroit-Windsor International Freedom Festival Freedom Award. The State of Alabama awarded Rosa Parks the Governor's Medal of Honor for Extraordinary Courage in
She also received the Alabama Academy Award the same year. During her life, Rosa was awarded with more than two dozen honorary doctorates from universities worldwide.
So many accomplishments!
Aside from winning all of those honoring awards, she accomplished many amazing things that no one thought a black person would ever achieve. In 1983, Rosa Parks was inducted into the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame. In 1990, Rosa Parks had the honor of being part of the welcoming party for a man named Nelson Mandela who had been recently a prisoner in South Africa. Throughout her life she published two books. The first one was, My Story, was written in 1992. It was about her life leading up to the bus incident. A few years later, she published another called Quiet Strong, told about her faith and how it helped her through her journey of life. In 1999, Time Magazine named Rosa Parks one of the top 20 most powerful and influential figures of the century.
Along with Elaine Eason Steel, Rosa started the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development in February of 1987. This institute was established in honor of her husband Raymond. He had died of cancer in 1977. The Institute's main point is to run the "Pathways to Freedom" bus tours. These buses take young people around the country to visit historical sites along the Underground Railroad and to important locations of events in Civil Rights history.
The event that made her who she was, i am sure all of you guys know this, but it is when you she sat on the bus and never got off.