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The Cell

Tour of the Cell
by

John Croteau

on 8 June 2014

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Transcript of The Cell

Mitochondria
Performs
Cellular
Respiration
that
provides a cell with
energy in the form of
ATP molecules.
This folded membrane
is called the
cristae
. The
fluid inside is called the
matrix
Golgi Body
The Golgi body
helps to finish proteins
after they are made and
then packages them for
transport.
Nucleus
The nucleus is the
storage area for the cell's
genetic material (Chromosomes)
It has a double membrane called
the nuclear envelope.
Glycoproteins
Integral Membrane
Proteins
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
* Regulates what enters and
leaves a cell. (Semipermeable)
General Animal
Cell
Smooth
Enodplasmic Reticulum
Rough ER
ER membrane
Free Ribosomes
Attached
Ribosomes
Microvili
Help to increase the
surface area of the cell
membrane.
Ribosome
Ribosomes' basic function
is to make proteins
Smooth ER make
lipids and detoxifies
the cell
The Rough ER is rough
because of its attached
ribosomes. The R.E.R
transports cell products
to the Golgi Body
Nucleolus
Nucleolus makes
ribosomes and RNA
material
Lysosome
Lysosomes contain
destructive enzymes
that help keep the cell
clean of worn out or
harmful material
Flagellum
The flagellum
is only on some
cell and is used for
propelling the cell
Cell Wall
Plant Vacuoles store water
and Minerals. They also are
responsible for supporting
the plant by providing water
pressure known as
turgor.

Cloroplasts are the light
capturing part of the plant
that performs
Photosynthesis

Two Classes of Cells Exist
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes are primitive cells that lack a membrane around their nucleus and have NO membrane bound organelles
Spark
Eukaryotes have a membrane bound nucleus and Membrane bound organelles
Cell Theory:
All organisms are made of cells.
Cells are the smallest living part of an organism
Cells come from pre-existing cells
Algae, Plants, animals, and Fungi are all Eukaryotic organisms
Bacteria and Archea
are examples of organisms
that are PROKARYOTES
CELLS
The Basic Unit of Life
by Mr. Croteau
Bilayer
Phospholipid
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
The Cell Wall is made of a Carbohydrate called Cellulose.
It is a tough material that supports
and protects plant cells. Animal Cells lack cell walls

Fungi have cell walls made of
a material Called
Chitin
The cytoskeleton supports
the cell shape, acts as a "rail"
system to move cell parts
and in some cases helps
the cell move itself. It is made
Microtubules, Intermediate fibers
and Microfilaments.
Centrosomes make
microtubules
that are the structures of the
cytoskeleton
Peroxisomes contain enzymes that break down
toxins
Cilia are short
and numerous
hairlike projections
that help the cell
move or to move
materials over its surface
Full transcript