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History of Rock Music: Chapter 4

The British Invasion

Mark Williams

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 4

SOURCES: Shirley, 62. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pretty_Things
Possibly the most unfairly neglected band of the 60s.
Formed in 1963 by Phil May and Dick Taylor.
“Don’t Bring Me Down” and “Honey I Need” were hits in ’64 and ’65.
In 1967 their music took an “artier, more psychedelic edge” with “Walking Through My Dreams,” “Defecting Grey,” and “Private Sorrow.”
Their “startlingly eclectic musical tastes became legendary among other rock musicians.
Sidebar – The Pretty Things
SOURCES: Shirley, 59-60. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones
The Rolling Stones in 1964 (from left).
Bill Wyman, Mick Jagger, Brian Jones,
Charlie Watts and Keith Richards.
Most successful of the hard rock, blues-inspired British bands.
In 1964 released their first top ten single, “Time Is on My Side.”
With the 1965 hit “Satisfaction” [cover] Keith Richards comes into his own as a guitarist. Along with “Let’s Spend the Night Together,” the two songs are banned from airplay on many American radio stations due to their sexually charged lyrics.
“Sympathy for the Devil” (1968) was a deliberate attempt to offend their critics.
The Rolling Stones
SOURCES: Shirley, 58. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Kinks
The Kinks (from left) Pete Quaife, Dave Davies, Mick Avory, Ray Davies.
In 1965 had hits: “You Really Got Me,” “All Day and All of the Night,” and “Tired of Waiting for You.”
With “A Well Respected Man” their lyrics became more complex and their sound influenced by traditional British music.
Some of the more interesting rock albums of the 60s and 70s included: Face to Face, Muswell Hillbillies, and The Kink Kronikles.
The Kinks
Debut album of The Animals
SOURCES: Shirley, 58. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Animals
Headed by organist Alan Price and lead singer Eric Burdon.
In 1964, had their biggest hit, “House of the Rising Sun.”
The Animals
SOURCES: Shirley, 55-56.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles; Amazon.com.
The Beatles in 1967
“Christianity will go … We’re more popular than Jesus now…” (John Lennon, 1966)
In July 1967 Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band appeared in record stores. Considered one of the “most influential and frequently discussed” albums of the decade.
Controversy & Sgt. Pepper
SOURCES: Shirley, 52-53. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles
On the Ed Sullivan Show in 1964
In January 1963 “I Want to Hold Your Hand” reaches #1 on the pop charts.
On February 9, 1964, The Beatles debuted on The Ed Sullivan Show.
The “British Invasion” also included the less popular Gerry and the Pacemakers, the Dave Clark Five, and Freddie and the Dreamers.
SOURCE: Shirley, 51-52.
In 1961 when Brian Epstein discovered The Beatles they were doing covers of 1950s American rock and roll standards.
Early influences were Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Buddy Holly and the Crickets.
The “Liverpool sound” is “…the same as the rock from five years ago.” (George Harrison)
In 1962 drummer Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) replaced Pete Best. The band began to do Lennon and McCartney originals – “Please, Please Me,” “From Me to You,” and “She Loves You.”
British Bands discover
Rock and Roll in the early 60s
SOURCES: Shirley, 63. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones
The Rolling Stones released
A Bigger Bang in July of 2005.
In 1969 guitarist Brian Jones died. The release of Let It Bleed put the group on par with the Beatles. Notable are the title cut, “Country Honk,” “You Can’t Always Get What You Want,” and “Gimme Shelter.”
In 1972 they released an even darker masterpiece, the double album Exile on Main St., “marked the band’s full maturity as rock and roll musicians.”
Exile on Main St.
SOURCES: Shirley, 58-59. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Who
The Who in 1965 (from left) John Entwistle, Roger Daltrey, Keith Moon, Pete Townshend.
Led by guitarist Pete Townshend and vocalist Roger Daltrey.
In 1965 had hits with: “I Can’t Explain” and “My Generation.”
Were known for wild antics in their live performances such as smashing instruments (e.g., Woodstock, 1969).
In 1969 they released Tommy, the first commercially successful rock opera.
In 1970, Who’s Next, featured the hits “Baba O’Riley” and “Won’t Get Fooled Again.”
The Who
SOURCES: Shirley, 56-57. Graphics: Amazon.com.
At the end of the decade they had several successes including Magical Mystery Tour, Yellow Submarine, The White Album, and Abbey Road.
The latter two were more collections of songs by the band’s members.
In 1969 Paul McCartney’s “Hey Jude” would become the Beatles’ biggest hit ever.
By the end of 1970, Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison had all released solo albums and The Beatles had disbanded.
End of an Era
SOURCES: Shirley, 53-54. Graphics courtesy of Amazon.com.
The Beatles’ film debut, A Hard Day’s Night was a “complete success.”
The soundtrack to Help! (1965) also reached the top of the charts.
Rubber Soul, their first album of all original material included: “Norwegian Wood,” “Nowhere Man,” “Michelle,” and “In My Life.” It established Lennon and McCartney as the “preeminent popular songwriting team of their generation.”
Rubber Soul would influence Bob Dylan, Frank Zappa, Brian Wilson, and The Rolling Stones.
Films and Rubber Soul
The British Invasion
Rock and Roll History IV
The Beatles
"She Loves You"
The Beatles
"In My Life"
After Sgt. Pepper, they gradually “lost their edge,” quit playing concerts, and devoted their energy to recording.
In 1968 their manager Brian Epstein, who had held the group together as a creative unit, died.
The Beatles
"Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band"
The Beatles
"Hey Jude"
The Animals
"House of the Rising Sun"
The Kinks
"You Really Got Me"
The Who
"Pinball Wizard" (from Tommy)
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
"You Can't Always Get What You Want" (2006)
The Pretty Things
"Walking Through My Dreams"
Featuring Elton John
Full transcript