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The natural order hypothesis
Transcript of The natural order hypothesis
Order Hypothesis He proposes the monitor model in the 1970s. Krashen has had a great influence on second language teaching practice. The author puts emphasis in the fact of combining a theory of learning, that acquisition and learning are separated processes, with a theory of production in which Krashen argues that learnt knowledge acts only as a control on language originated from acquiring knowledge. (Johnson, H. & Johnson, K., 1999) Krashen's five hypothesis 1. The Acquisition - Learning Hypothesis.
2. The Monitor Hypothesis.
4. The Input Hypothesis.
5. The Affective Filter Hypothesis 3. The Natural Order Hypothesis. "We acquire the rules of language in a predictable order, some rules tending to come early and others late. The order does not appear to be determined solely by formal simplicity and there is evidence that it is independent of the order in which rules are taught in language classes." Similar to first language acquisition, in second language acquisition "learners seem to acquire the features of the target language in predictable sequences". It is conceived that "the rules which are easiest to state (and thus to 'learn') are not necessarily the first to be acquired". For example: Many advanced English learners forget to add an -s to third person singular verbs when speaking fluently in a conversation. On the contrary of the example mentioned, Krashen rejects grammatical sequencing when the goal is language acquisition. Laura Roa Saavedra. References Lightbown, P. & Spada, N. (2006). Theoretical Approaches to Explaining Second Language Learning in How Languages are Learned (pp.31-46). Oxford University Press. Johnson, H. & Johnson, K. (1999). The Monitor Model. Retrieved [June 24th, 2011] Krashen, S. (1985). Language Acquisition and Language Education. Alemany Press by Stephen Krashen Stephen Krashen This rule is easy to state when learning English,
however, it is difficult to apply it when speaking. (Krashen, 1985, p.1) (Lightbown & Spada, 2006. p.39) (Lightbown & Spada, 2006. p.39) The natural Hypothesis