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Beef Cattle Breeds

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Tripp Clark

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of Beef Cattle Breeds

Beef Cattle Breeds
Tripp Clark
Seventh Period
Angus
Angus are origionally from the northeastern part of Scotland. Little is known about the origins of the breed. Hugh Watson was a man that brought attention to the angus breed of cattle. The cattle is Black, most cattle are polled and they are a big breed of cattle. The 1st angus cattle in america was imported by
Angus
The angus breed is known for its high quality of beef. It is black because in scotland it is really cold and it obsorbes as much sunlight as possible.
Hereford
Started in Herefordshire in england during the Industrial Revolution. There needed to be enough food to feed the growing public. Came to USA in 1817, when Henry Clay wanted to start a american breed of the hereford cattle. They are dark red and have a white face.
Hereford
The breed origionally had horms but that trait was breed out. The Hereford is a large cattle that produces loades of beef.
Shorthorn
The history of the shorthorn cows has little account of early breeders or any ancestors, but we know they migrated to the Northcumberland, part of England from Northern England and Scotland.
Shorthorn
The cows hide is diferant shades of yellow and red and a white shade. The cattle have short horns (as the name implies) and are relatively big in size. Notable people would be the Colling Brothers, who are considered the fathers of the shorthorn breed.
Maine Anjou
The Mancelle breed originated in the northern part of France. A ranch owner named Count de Falloux requested that the Mancelle breed be crosses with the british Durham breed. This breed is known to be
Maine Anjou
easy to fatten. They were introduced to America in 1969 through artificial incimination. They are dark red with white spots scattered on their body. They are very big and have a high muscle content.
Chianina
This breed originated in the west-central parts of Italy. They were introduced into the United States after WW2. Shortly after in 1972 the first cow was born in Tannehill Ranch, King City Ca. The chianina breed is a whitish steel grayish color with small horns. They are
Chianina
mostly big and muscular but size depends on the breeder. This breed of cattle is one of or the oldest breed of cattle in existance.
Charolais
The breed originated in west-central to southeastern France. It is said that the cows were in this region as early as 878 A.D. By the 16 and 17 century they were used for draft, milk, and meat. The first cattle were imported to The King Ranch in south texas from Jean Pugibet in mexico. Jean Pugibet imported these cattle from france in 1930.
Charolais
They are white, they have short horns, and are very big and have strong bones. They were used for work in the early centuries. They are also very good milkers.
Simmental
They are among the oldest and most distributed breeds of cattle in the world. The first account of the breed was in a herd book in 1806. They appeared in Western Switzerland. They are Red and white cows.
Simmental
They are known to have very good milk, cheese, and butter.
Limousin
This breed is golden-red and were raised in South-Central France. The breed may be as old as the continent of Europe itself. They were found in cave drawings near the region that this breed lives in. First introduced into the US in the early 1930's.
Limousin
These cows are golden-red and some are black. They are medium sized. They are mostly polled but some have horns.
Brahman
This cattle breed was developed in India and are part of the Boss Indicus. The first cow to arrive in the US was imported by the request of Dr. James Bolten Davis to Fairfield County, South Carolina.
Brahman
They are light in color but some are red or black. They are very intelligent but have very poor meat quality.
Brangus
The brangus breed is 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus. It is unknown when the first cow was born but the research for the breed started in 1932. The Brangus Breeders association was started in 1949. Per USDA regulations a pure brangus cow is 3/8 brangus and 5/8 Angus, polled and black.
Brangus
The breeders breeded these two breeds together because of their reverse meat quality. They now have decent meat quality and are good milkers.
Texas Longhorn
The Texas Longhorn breed have ancestors that were the first cattle in america. After the buffulo massacre on the great plains they were rushed into all the affected by the buffalo massacre. After they dominated the beef industry, america recieved better cows from other countries and the longhorns almost went extinct.
Texas Longhorn
In 1927 the US government set up ranches to preserve the breed. They are considered the "genetic gold mine" of the future. They are very diverse in what colors they are now. They have very long horns bigger than most other breeds.
Belgian Blue
The cattle originated in the upper-central belgium. These cows were crossbreed with the shorthorn breed of cattle. They were also crossbreed with the Charolais breed. They were introduced into the US in 1978. They are very big animals with a rounded outline and prominant muscles.
Belgian Blue
This breed is white, blue roan, and black. The Belgian Blue breed has 16% less marbeling and 14.2 ribeye room than the average carcass.
Red Angus
The exact same roots as normal angus cows. They were crossbred with English Longhorns and thats how they got their red color. Normal angus cows have a 1 in 4 chance of becoming red.
Red Angus
Red Angus are significantly better than a regular angus cattle.
Pinzgauer
In 500 A.D Alpine Herdsmen started developing a type of brown and white cattle from the native Bavarian Cattle. They were imported into the US in 1976. They were developed in the Salzburg providence Austria.
Pinzgauer
They are known for good quality meat, first rate marbeling, and fine fiber. Their meat is a light red color. They also have amazing milk quality, on average it produces 4,000 to 5,000 kg per year. They are polled and horned. They are also brown and white.
Wagyu
Many European cattle were imported into Japan by 1887 and impacted todays Wagyu. They were crossbred till prices of crossbred cattle fell in 1910. They were then selected for their traits needed in certain areas. There are 4 different "breeds" of wagyu cattle Tottori, Tajima, Shimane and the Okayama.
Wagyu
They were first introduced into the US in 1976. The beef of the tajima is used to make Kobe beef, known for its tenderness and flavor.
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