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Transcript of Literature
Ideas of Enlightenment Art
Response to previous era:
Writers from this time did not write to please the mind, rather it was to share or record information.
Not much nonsensical literature.
Most works were autobiographical, or rags to riches tales.
born in Bonn, in 1970
considered the most famous influential composers of all time
String Quartet No. 14 (1826)
Humanity could improve through rational change
Questioned traditional authority(monarchy).
First to believe that every human has basic rights.
Different types of science.
Most works were non-fiction
Some of the key writers: John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Voltaire, Baron de Montesquieu, and Denis Diderot
Music by Johann Sebastian Bach
The Enlightenment era came about when thinkers began to question why the most intelligent minds of their time were painting the "natural state" of human beings.
Great minds instead began to focus on changing the world through the use of mathematics and medicines.
The people began to drift away from the church and for the first time questioned the existence of a divine being.
Most of Europe being wiped out by disease helped lead to humans focusing on making life better as well.
Such shameless bards we have; and yet 'tis true
There are as mad, abandon'd critics too.
The bookful blockhead, ignorantly read,
With loads of learned lumber in his head,
With his own tongue still edifies his ears,
And always list'ning to himself appears.
All books he reads, and all he reads assails,
From Dryden's Fables down to Durfey's Tales.
With him, most authors steal their works, or buy;
Garth did not write his own Dispensary.
Name a new play, and he's the poet's friend,
Nay show'd his faults – but when would poets mend?
No place so sacred from such fops is barr'd,
Nor is Paul's church more safe than Paul's churchyard:
Nay, fly to altars; there they'll talk you dead;
For fools rush in where angels fear to tread.
Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks;
It still looks home, and short excursions makes;
But rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks;
And never shock'd, and never turn'd aside,
Bursts out, resistless, with a thund'ring tide.
Now hardly here and there a hackney-coach
Appearing, show'd the ruddy morn's approach.
Now Betty from her master's bed had flown,
And softly stole to discompose her own.
The slip-shod 'prentice from his master's door
Had par'd the dirt, and sprinkled round the floor.
Now Moll had whirl'd her mop with dext'rous airs,
Prepar'd to scrub the entry and the stairs.
The youth with broomy stumps began to trace
The kennel-edge, where wheels had worn the place.
The small-coal man was heard with cadence deep;
Till drown'd in shriller notes of "chimney-sweep."
Duns at his lordship's gate began to meet;
And brickdust Moll had scream'd through half a street.
The turnkey now his flock returning sees,
Duly let out a-nights to steal for fees.
The watchful bailiffs take their silent stands;
And schoolboys lag with satchels in their hands.
"Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains."
considered a tool for religious worship
orphaned at age 10
learned how to play on a violin from his father
The Bach family produced 53 musicians over the period of 7 generations
1762-Du Contrat Social
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750): German Composer
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Music by Beethoven
How it affects us today
Palladianism- attempt to recreate the style of the buildings of ancient Rome
Understanding of decorative elements and use of classical orders
Reform of music
Without the ideas brought about by the new way of thinking,the United States would likely not exist as it is today.
-One such idea would be Montesquieu's idea of a 3 branch government.
Another big idea still present today is questioning ideas previously set in stone.
-Such ideas include political and religious statements, and scientific theories and hypotheses.
- Stemmed from scientific movements of the time
- very realistic paintings, many portraits
- backgrounds included
main editor of
"An encyclopedia ought to make good the failure to execute such a project hitherto, and should encompass not only the fields already covered by the academies, but each and every branch of human knowledge."